Principles of biology

A.Y. 2017/2018
6
Max ECTS
52
Overall hours
SSD
BIO/01 BIO/05 BIO/10
Language
Italian
Learning objectives
To acquire a basic knowledge of the chemical, structural and functional characteristics of the main non-informational biological molecules, as well as of the different types of nucleic acids and of the flow of the genetic information. Knowledge of the characteristics of living organisms and their evolutionary history and heredity, the cell and its structures. Knowledge of cell types and their functions, tissues and organs of the organization, their relationships and their physiology, in relation to food characteristics.To acquire a basic knowledge of the chemical, structural and functional characteristics of the main non-informational biological molecules, as well as of the different types of nucleic acids and of the flow of the genetic information. Knowledge of the characteristics of living organisms and their evolutionary history and heredity, the cell and its structures. Knowledge of cell types and their functions, tissues and organs of the organization, their relationships and their physiology, in relation to food characteristics.
Expected learning outcomes
Students acquire a fundamental knowledge of biology:
- ability to recognize the main non-informational biological molecules and to understand their functions;
- a basic knowledge of the flow of the genetic information;
- knowledge of structure and function of cellular organelles;
- knowledge of cell division;
- knowledge of some of the main physiological processes underlying the life of plant and animal organisms;
- ability to understand the main morphological and physiological characteristics of living organisms and of the cells that compose them.Students acquire a fundamental knowledge of biology:
- ability to recognize the main non-informational biological molecules and to understand their functions;
- a basic knowledge of the flow of the genetic information;
- knowledge of structure and function of cellular organelles;
- knowledge of cell division;
- knowledge of some of the main physiological processes underlying the life of plant and animal organisms;
- ability to understand the main morphological and physiological characteristics of living organisms and of the cells that compose them.
Course syllabus and organization

Single session

Lesson period
First semester
Unita' didattica 1
Course syllabus
FEATURES OF LIVING ORGANISMS: origin and classification of living organisms. Living organisms¿ general properties Prokaryotic and eukaryotic cells autotrophy and heterotrophy organisms. Hierarchy and organization of life levels. CELL: as functional and structural unit. Prokaryotic and eukaryotic cell features: membrane, cytoplasm, nucleus, endoplasmic reticulum, Golgi complex, mitochondria, and vacuoles, cytoskeleton. Differences between animal and plant cells: cell wall and chloroplasts. CELL DIVISION: mitosis and meiosis. STRUCTURE AND ORGANIZATION OF LIVING ORGANISMS: evolutionary lines of animals. Animal tissues: connective, muscular, nervous and epithelial, cell junctions. GROWTH AND DEVELOPMENT. Sexual and asexual reproduction. Life cycle. BASIC PRINCIPLES OF ANIMAL PHYSIOLOGY: respiration, homeostasis, eating and movement
Teaching methods
Curtis H., Barnes N.S., Schnek A., Massarini A.
Le basi della biologia
Ed. Zanichelli

Sadava D., Hillis D.M., Heller H.C., Berenbaum M.R.
Biologia
Volume 5 La bilogia degli animali
Ed. Zanichelli
Unita' didattica 2
Course syllabus
Introduction: units of measurement, energy and heat, atom¿s structure, chemical bonds, molecular weight, chemical reactions.
Water: structure and properties, self-ionization, acids and bases, pH, salts, buffers.
Compounds of carbon: saturated and unsaturated hydrocarbons, main functional groups, oxygenated organic compounds, compounds containing nitrogen or sulphur.
Carbohydrates: structure and functions of the main monosaccharides, disaccharides and polysaccharides.
Lipids: fatty acids, triglycerides, phospholipids, terpenes and steroids.
Biological membranes: structure, composition, functions and membrane transport.
Nucleic acids: structure and functions of DNA and RNA.
The flow of the genetic information.
Teaching methods
Oltre agli appunti presi a lezione, gli argomenti trattati sono reperibili sui seguenti libri di testo:
- "Appunti di Biochimica. Per le lauree triennali". Autori: Catani, Savini, Guerrieri, Avigliano. Editore: Piccin. Capitoli 1-7 (Introduzione, L¿acqua, i composti del carbonio, i carboidrati, i lipidi, le proteine, gli acidi nucleici)
- ¿Introduzione alla biochimica di Lehninger¿. Quinta edizione. Autori Nelson, Cos. Editore Zanichelli. Capitolo 11 (Membrane biologiche e trasporto di membrana) e capitoli 25-28 (Gli acidi nucleici e il flusso dell¿informazione genetica). Questo testo tratta gli argomenti in modo molto più approfondito di quanto fatto a lezione.
Unita' didattica 1
BIO/01 - GENERAL BOTANY - University credits: 0
BIO/05 - ZOOLOGY - University credits: 0
BIO/10 - BIOCHEMISTRY - University credits: 0
Practicals: 8 hours
Lessons: 28 hours
Professor: Leonardi Maria Giovanna
Unita' didattica 2
BIO/01 - GENERAL BOTANY - University credits: 0
BIO/05 - ZOOLOGY - University credits: 0
BIO/10 - BIOCHEMISTRY - University credits: 0
Lessons: 16 hours