Vineyard protection

A.Y. 2017/2018
10
Max ECTS
88
Overall hours
SSD
AGR/11 AGR/12
Language
Italian
Learning objectives
Unit 1: The course aims to teach how to manage animal pests according to the most recent pest management strategies, that rely on the most environmental friendly techniques, to minimize undesired side effects and optimize the response of the vineyard agroecosystem to the attacks of potentially harmful organisms.
Unit 2: The course provides the students with the basic knowledge on the biology of plant pathogens (fungi, bacteria, virus and phytoplasms), on the diagnostic techniques, on the epidemiology of the main grapevine diseases and on the criteria and tools for an integrated disease control.Unit 1: The course aims to teach how to manage animal pests according to the most recent pest management strategies, that rely on the most environmental friendly techniques, to minimize undesired side effects and optimize the response of the vineyard agroecosystem to the attacks of potentially harmful organisms.
Unit 2: The course provides the students with the basic knowledge on the biology of plant pathogens (fungi, bacteria, virus and phytoplasms), on the diagnostic techniques, on the epidemiology of the main grapevine diseases and on the criteria and tools for an integrated disease control.
Expected learning outcomes
Unit 1: After completing this course the student should have acquired the ability to i) recognize the animal pests of vine, ii) assess the extent of any yield loss, iii) choose and apply the best pest management options.
Unit 2: Knowledge on the main grapevine pathogens and on the epidemiology of the most frequent diseases, skill required to diagnose the most common grapevine disease and to manage the disease control in different environments.
Unit 1: After completing this course the student should have acquired the ability to i) recognize the animal pests of vine, ii) assess the extent of any yield loss, iii) choose and apply the best pest management options.
Unit 2: Knowledge on the main grapevine pathogens and on the epidemiology of the most frequent diseases, skill required to diagnose the most common grapevine disease and to manage the disease control in different environments.
Course syllabus and organization

Single session

Responsible
Lesson period
Second semester
Entomology
Course syllabus
INTRODUCTION - The agricultural zoology PART I General characteristics of animal pests - Insects: general characteristics; systematic; morphology; anatomy; development and behavior; relationships with humans and other organisms. - Mites: general characteristics; systematic; morphology; anatomy; development and behavior; relationships with humans and other organisms. - Nematodes: general characteristics; systematic; basic notions on morphology, anatomy, development and behavior, relationships with humans and other organisms. PEST MANAGEMENT - Introductory concepts: generality; economic damage; pest monitoring: traps, sampling; side effects. - Pest management: PM strategies, integrated production; control techniques (biological, mechanical, agronomic, physical, chemical). - Pesticides: general information about active ingredients and products, generalities on methods of applications. PESTS - The vineyard agroecosystem - Key pests: Scaphoideus titanus, Lobesia botrana, Eupoecilia ambiguella; - Secondary species: Frankliniella occidentalis, Empoasca vitis, Jacobiasca lybica, Zygina rhamni, Argyrotaenia pulchellana, Panonychus ulmi, Eotetranychus carpini, Tetranychus urticae. - Minor pests: thrips (Drepanothrips reuteri), leafhoppers and planthoppers (Metcalfa pruinosa, Stictocephala bisonia), Viteus vitifolii, scale insects (Pulvinaria spp., Planococcus spp., ecc.), Lepidoptera (armyworms, Theresimima ampelophaga, Hyphantria cunea, Peribatodes rhomboidaria, Sparganothis pilleriana), Coleoptera (Altica ampelophaga, Anomala spp., Vesperus spp., Otiorhynchus spp), Diptera (Janetiella oenophila), eriophyid mites, nematodes.
Teaching methods
Appunti delle lezioni
E. Tremblay ¿ Entomologia applicata Vol. 1¿ Liguori editore
A. Lucchi - Note di Entomologia viticola - Pisa University Press
AA.VV. ¿ Manuale di Zoologia agraria ¿ Antonio Delfino Editore
S. Zangheri, G. Pellizzari Scaltriti ¿ Parassitologia animale dei vegetali - Cluep
Plant pathology
Course syllabus
General principles and history of plant pathology. Economic incidence of grapevine diseases. Disease classification. PHYTOPATHOLOGICAL AGENTS: Virus, viroids and phytoplasmas: main characteristics, infection process, vectors and epidemiology. Bacteria: general characteristics. Fungi: general characteristics, reproductive structures, epidemiology of fungal diseases. DIAGNOSIS: General principles and criteria. Koch's postulates. Field observations and laboratory procedures: traditional and innovative techniques for identification of disease agents. DISEASE CONTROL: Use of restistant or tolerant plants. Cultural methods. Biological methods. Chemical methods. Integrated pest management. MAIN GRAPEVINE DISEASES AND CONTROL METHODS: Viral diseases: grapevine fanleaf, leafroll and rugose wood. PHytoplasma diseases: flavescence dorée, bois noir. Bacterial diseases: tumor. Fungal diseases: downy mildew, powdery mildew, grey mould, secondary rots, wood diseases.
Teaching methods
Diapositive usate a lezione, articoli Testo:G. Belli, 'Elementi di Patologia Vegetale', Piccin
Entomology
AGR/11 - GENERAL AND APPLIED ENTOMOLOGY - University credits: 5
Field activity: 4 hours
Practicals: 8 hours
Laboratories: 4 hours
Lessons: 32 hours
Plant pathology
AGR/12 - PLANT PATHOLOGY - University credits: 5
Lessons: 40 hours
Professor(s)
Reception:
Monday 14.30-15.30
DiPSA