The course aims to provide an advanced knowledge of the main manufacturing processes of the organic chemical industry. Some industrially significant products will be prepared during the laboratory session.
Detailed knowledge of hydrocarbon conversion processes and main bulk chemicals and some fine chemical processes of organic industrial chemistry.
Hydrocarbon conversion processes: catalytic cracking, hydrocracking, steam cracking, reforming. Alkylation and isomerisation processes for production of high octane gasoline. Desulfurization processes: Claus process and biodesulfuration. Conversion of oil refining residues. Olefins industrial manufacture by ethylene oligomerization. Separation of C4 and C5 streams and use of conjugated diolefins: butadiene, isoprene, cyclopentadiene, chloroprene. Olefin metathesis. Methyl methacrylate manufacturing processes. Production of acetic acid, ethylacetate and acetic anhydride. Acetylene manufacturing processes. Ethylene derived products: acetaldehyde, ethylene oxide, ethylene glycols. Propylene derived products: propylene oxide and propylene glycols. Adipic acid and caprolactam manufacturing processes. Production and conversion processes of aromatic compounds. Phenol, bisphenol A and polycarbonate. Epoxyresins. Detergents and manufacturing processes of alkylbenzensulfonates and novel detergents from renewable sources. Sustainable industrial chemistry: comparative assessment of alternative processes, green metrics and process intensification. Phase transfer catalysis.
During the laboratory a series of experiments concerning the preparation of intermediates and products of industrial interest will be individually carried out through one step or multi-step procedures. The products thus obtained will be characterized through 1H NMR, IR and/or GC techniques.
- H. I. Arpe, Industrial Organic Chemistry, 5a Ed. VHC, Weinheim, 2010
- C. Giavarini, Guida allo Studio dei Processi di Raffinazione e Petrolchimici, Ed. Scien., Siderea, Roma, 1999.
- slides of all lectures are available on the Ariel platform
- Additional material concerning practical session in the laboratory will be provided.
The student knowledge and understanding of the subjects presented in class will be evaluated through an oral exam. Moreover, an additional purpose of the oral exam is to assess the capability to have a global picture of the program and to use the proper terminology.
An additional item for the assessment will be the discussion on a written report related to the experiments carried out in the laboratory that students need to deliver at the end of the laboratory section.
Attendance: strongly recommended for classes and compulsory for laboratory.
Mode of teaching
Language of instruction
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