Foundations of biology

A.Y. 2018/2019
9
Max ECTS
88
Overall hours
SSD
BIO/06
Language
Italian
Learning objectives
The aim of the course is to give the student the basis of life organization at the level of molecules, cells, tissues and organisms. Virus, prokaryota and eukaryota. Eukaryota diversity: protists, fungi, animals, plants.
Correlation between structures and functions. Environment adaptation: nutrients and energy cycles, homeostasis.
Genetic and epigenetic bases of expression and transmissions of characters.
Cell cycle. Proliferation, differentiation, cell death.
Principal concepts of developmental biology and environmental related evolutionary developmental biology.
Expected learning outcomes
Undefined
Course syllabus and organization

Single session

Responsible
Lesson period
First semester
Course syllabus
Basics of biology: life characterizing molecules and structures. Carbohydrates, lipids, nucleic acids and proteins: structure and functions. The cell and its role as functional unit. Virus, prokaryote and eukaryote basic organization. Hints on eukaryote diversity: protists, fungi, animals and plants.
Membranes, cytoskeleton and cell organelles: structure and functions.
Hints on living- environment relationships: nutrients, energy, homeostasis.
Genetic and epigenetic basis of the phenotypic heredity. Genetic code and chromatin. From DNA code to proteins. Epigenetic regulation of transcription. Translation control and microRNA. Post translational protein modification.
Cell cycle. Binary scission, mitosis, meiosis. Differential genetic expression and differentiation in relation to the environment.
Hints on developmental biology and developmental evolutionary biology related to the environment.
BIO/06 - COMPARATIVE ANATOMY AND CYTOLOGY - University credits: 9
Practicals: 32 hours
Lessons: 56 hours
Professor: Menegola Elena
Professor(s)