Knowledge and understanding _of elements of mechanics and thermodynamics, compulsory for the study of physics within the course of geology. Applying knowledge and understanding to simple exercises on mechanics and thermodynamics
Expected learning outcomes
Making judgements about the validity of expressions related to physical quantities, their unit of measurements and the correct solution of exercises. Communication skills _in connection with the exposition of scientific topics, related to basic elements of mechanics and thermodynamics. Learning skills __in connection with basic elements and exercises of mechanics and thermodynamics
PHYSICS I Introduction: Physics Observables. Unit of measurements. Reference systems. Scalar and vectors and their operations. Mechanics: elements of kinematics. Dynamics and the three principles. Work, kinetic energy, potential energy. Forces (conservative and non conservative). Conservation of mechanical energy and its application. Point-like and continuous systems. Center of mass. Basic of angular momentum and its conservation. The impulse and its conservation. Elastic and inelastic collisions and their laws. Elements of circular motion of a rigid body, special relativity and gravitational laws. Mechanics of Fluids: pressure, density, equation of continuity, laws of Stevino Archimede, Bernoulli and their applications. Heat and Thermodynamics: temperature, thermometers, thermal energy, specific heat and latent heat. Thermal expansion. Thermodynamical systems and state variable. Ideal gas law, mol and Avogadro's number. Gas kinetic theory and Boltzmann's constant. First principle of thermodynamics, heat, work and internal energy. Thermodynamical transformation and their properties. Thermodyinamic cycles. Engine and refrigerators.