The course aims to provide students with the knowledge about the biology of bees, the conduct of an apiary and the breeding in honey bee. The practical exercises will be conducted at the Apiary of the Faculty of Veterinary Medicine in Lodi, are designed to bring students to the world of bees and beekeeping by observing the behavior of these insects, the recognition of the three castes (queen bee, worker bees, drones), a visit to the hives, the operations to be carried out in the apiary during the bee season and in the lhoney extraction aboratory.
Expected learning outcomes
At the end of the course the student must demonstrateto know the biology of bees, the products supplied by bees, the main beekeeping techniques, the honey extraction operations and the rules that regulate the activity of the beekeeper. Furthermore, they must know to visit a beehive, recognize the three bee castes and signs of disease, and assess the strength of a colony.
Lectures: 1) Honey bee anatomy and morphology (1 hour) 2) The castes: queen bee, worker bee and drone. The social physiology. Communication among honey bee (2 hours). 3) Genetics of honeybee: taxonomy, breeds, sexual chromosomes, haploidy and diploidy, relationships among honeybees in a colony (2 hours) 4) Honeybee selection: traits, mating stations, genetic improvement (2 hours) 5) The frame hives. The beekeeping equipment. Location and arrangement of an apiary. (1 hour) 6) Beekeeping techniques: - Hive inspection and the evaluation of colonies - The visits in autumn and winter - The swarming, supersedure, - Harvesting honey - Queen rearing (3 hours) 7) Characteristics and production techniques of bee products (2 hours) 8) Parasites and diseases of bees (2 hours) 9) Legislation (1 hour)
Practical activities: Hive inspection in the apiary of Faculty of Veterinary Medicine in Lodi (8 hours) Visit to a harvesting laboratory and to an apiary for queen honeybee raising (8 hours)
Prerequisites for admission
Knowledge of biology and botany is required.
Theoretical lectures. Practice in the apiary. Visits to 1/2 beekeeping companies