Hydrostratigraphy and Aquifer Sedimentology with Practicals

A.Y. 2019/2020
Overall hours
Learning objectives
Communication skills.
How to describe the architecture of porous hydrostratigraphic systems and its impact on groundwater flow to final users of hydrogeological models.
Learning skills.
Application of geological, stratigraphic and sedimentological knowledge to hydrogeological modeling.
Expected learning outcomes
Knowledge and understanding.
Understanding heterogeneity of porous hydrostratigraphic systems at different scales, from the pore-granules system to the basin-fill.
Applying knowledge and understanding.
Knowing how to characterize sedimentary heterogeneity moving through scale, dimensionality (1D to 4D) and hierarchy
Making judgements.
Acting to elaborate, evaluate and run quantitative hydrostratigraphic and hydrogeological models.
Course syllabus and organization

Single session

Lesson period
First semester
Prerequisites for admission
BSc in Geological Sciences
Assessment methods and Criteria
Discussion of classwork practicals and personal practice exercises, and/or personal review of selected literature
Hydrostratigraphy and Aquifer Sedimentology
Course syllabus
1) Aquifer Sedimentology: knowledge and application of methods for aquifer characterization and hydrostratigraphic reconstruction at different scales (local-regional): 1) scale and typology of sedimentary heterogeneity, 2) petrophysical parameters relevant to the hydrogeological characterization, 3) methods for evaluation, measurement and estimate of distribution of porosity and permeability at different scales, 4) anisotropy of petrophysical properties of sedimentary aquifers, aquitards and aquicludes, 5) glacial, glacio-fluvial, alluvial and deltaic aquifer groups, 6) methods and techniques to establish a conceptual aquifer model, 7) estimate of uncertainty.
2) Hydrostratigraphy: knowledge and application of the basic methods and techniques of hydrostratigraphic correlation, applied to hydrogeology of porous media: 1) correlation techniques, 2) hierarchy and classification of stratigraphic units, 3) architectural elements, 4) hydrofacies, hydrostratigraphic unit (HU) and sequential HU, 5) identification and 3-D mapping of HU boundaries, 6) hydrostratigraphic conceptual model and recharge of aquifer units, 7) evaluation of uncertainty.
Teaching methods
Frontal lectures, discussion of exercises, analysis of application case histories.
Teaching Resources
Digital format selected literature, textbooks and exercises provided during classes and available online
Laboratory of Hydrostratigraphy and Aquifer Sedimentology
Course syllabus
The Laboratory practical activity includes exercises on hydrostratigraphic reconstruction at different scales (local to regional, i.e. from hydrofacies associations to aquifer systems, complexes and groups) in different geological environments (glacial, alluvial fan, braided to meandering river settings). After a guided collective start-up, the exercises are worked-out by the student teams.
Teaching methods
Guided team-work, practice exercises, in laboratory. Every team will be guided during personal training, by at least three meetings per group to discuss three class-work exercises
Teaching Resources
Materials for exercises are provided directly during lab-work, including the basic literature and the exercises themselves, in paper and digital formats. Literature and textbooks inherent the theorical parts of the Course are also necessary.
Hydrostratigraphy and Aquifer Sedimentology
Lessons: 48 hours
Laboratory of Hydrostratigraphy and Aquifer Sedimentology
Practicals: 36 hours