Elements of anantomy and physiology

A.Y. 2020/2021
4
Max ECTS
45
Overall hours
SSD
BIO/09 BIO/16
Language
Italian
Learning objectives
Knowing the essential morphological characteristics of cells and subcellular structures, of tissues, organs, and systems of the human body, as well as their main morpho-functional correlates;
Knowing the structural organization of the human body, and its main anatomo-clinical relations, at both macroscopic and microscopic level, as well as the mechanisms through which this organization takes place in the course of embryonic development and differentiation;
Knowing how the various organs of the human body work, theirs dynamic integration, and their functional control mechanisms in physiological conditions.
Expected learning outcomes
Have a complete view of the morphology and of the functioning of the human body and will be able to understand the main control mechanisms.
Course syllabus and organization

Single session

Responsible
Lessons only in TEAMS platform
Prerequisites for admission
There are no prerequisites
Assessment methods and Criteria
Multiple choice test
The two exams are not performed in the same day.
Human anatomy
Course syllabus
TOPICS OF GENERAL ANATOMY
CONSTRUCTIVE PRINCIPLES OF THE HUMAN BODY
- Body scheme
- Anatomical terminology
- General information on body spaces: connective, serous, neural
- Definition of tissue, organ, system, apparatus
- Hollow and parenchymatous organs
LOCOMOTOR APPARATUS
- General information on bones, joints, muscles
- Axial and appendicular skeleton
- Joints of the human body
- General information on head, trunk and limb muscles
NERVOUS SYSTEM
- Central nervous system:
- spinal cord
- encephalon: brainstem, cerebellum, diencephalon, telencephalon
- meninges and cerebrospinal fluid
- main routes and connections
- Peripheral nervous system:
- cranial nerves, spinal nerves and plexuses: generality and innervation territory
- sympathetic nervous system: general organization
- parasympathetic nervous system: general organization
- Specific sensitivity apparatus: general organization
ENDOCRINE APPARATUS
- Pituitary gland
- Epiphysis
- Thyroid and parathyroid glands
- Adrenal gland
CIRCULATORY APPARATUS
- Organization of the cardiovascular apparatus
- Heart
- Main arterial vessels and their distribution area
- Main venous vessels and their drainage area
- Blood
LYMPHATIC CIRCULATORY SYSTEM
- General information on the lymphatic circulatory system
- Thyme
- Lymph nodes
- Spleen
- Tonsils
- Sap
RESPIRATORY SYSTEM
- Upper airways: nose and sinuses, nasopharynx
- Lower airways: larynx, trachea, bronchi
- Lungs and pleurae
URINARY SYSTEM
- Kidneys
- Urinary tract: ureters, bladder, urethra
MALE GENITAL APPARATUS
- Testicles
- Spermatic ways: epididymis, vas deferens, ejaculatory duct
- Glands attached to the spermatic tract: seminal vesicles, bulbous-urethral glands, prostate
FEMALE GENITAL APPARATUS
- Ovaries
- Genital tract: uterus, fallopian tubes
Teaching methods
Frontal Lessons and practical sessions
Teaching Resources
- F.H. Martini et al.: Anatomia umana. VI/2016, EdiSES.
- K.S. Saladin: Anatomia umana. 2/2017. Piccin-Nuova Libraria.
- M Mckinley e V.D. O'Loughlin: Anatomia Umana. 2014. Piccin.
G. Ambrosi et al.: Anatomia dell'uomo. 2006, Edi. Ermes
Physiology
Course syllabus
1. Knowing the essential morphological characteristics of cells and subcellular structures, tissues, organs, apparatus and systems of the human body, as well as their main morpho-functional correlates;
2. Knowing the structural organization of the human body, from the macroscopic level to the microscopic level, and the mechanisms through which this organization is realized in the course of embryologic development and differentiation;
3. Knowing the functioning of the different organs of the human body, their dynamic integration in apparatuses and the general control mechanisms in physiological conditions.
Teaching methods
Frontal Lessons
Teaching Resources
Costanzo: Fisiologia EdiSES
Silverthon: Fisiologia umana Casa Editrice Ambrosiana
Green: Fisiologia clinica:l'essenziale Piccin
Ackermann: Fisiologia umana essenziale EdiSES
Langley: Anatomia funzionale e fisiologia Piccin
Human anatomy
BIO/16 - HUMAN ANATOMY - University credits: 2
Practicals: 15 hours
Lessons: 10 hours
Physiology
BIO/09 - PHYSIOLOGY - University credits: 2
Lessons: 20 hours
Professor(s)
Reception:
Ask for an appointment via E-Mail