Knowing the essential morphological characteristics of cells and subcellular structures, of tissues, organs, and systems of the human body, as well as their main morpho-functional correlates; Knowing the structural organization of the human body, and its main anatomo-clinical relations, at both macroscopic and microscopic level, as well as the mechanisms through which this organization takes place in the course of embryonic development and differentiation; Knowing how the various organs of the human body work, theirs dynamic integration, and their functional control mechanisms in physiological conditions.
Expected learning outcomes
Have a complete view of the morphology and of the functioning of the human body and will be able to understand the main control mechanisms.
Lesson period: First semester
(In case of multiple editions, please check the period, as it may vary)
Multiple choice test The two exams are not performed in the same day.
TOPICS OF GENERAL ANATOMY CONSTRUCTIVE PRINCIPLES OF THE HUMAN BODY - Body scheme - Anatomical terminology - General information on body spaces: connective, serous, neural - Definition of tissue, organ, system, apparatus - Hollow and parenchymatous organs LOCOMOTOR APPARATUS - General information on bones, joints, muscles - Axial and appendicular skeleton - Joints of the human body - General information on head, trunk and limb muscles NERVOUS SYSTEM - Central nervous system: - spinal cord - encephalon: brainstem, cerebellum, diencephalon, telencephalon - meninges and cerebrospinal fluid - main routes and connections - Peripheral nervous system: - cranial nerves, spinal nerves and plexuses: generality and innervation territory - sympathetic nervous system: general organization - parasympathetic nervous system: general organization - Specific sensitivity apparatus: general organization ENDOCRINE APPARATUS - Pituitary gland - Epiphysis - Thyroid and parathyroid glands - Adrenal gland CIRCULATORY APPARATUS - Organization of the cardiovascular apparatus - Heart - Main arterial vessels and their distribution area - Main venous vessels and their drainage area - Blood LYMPHATIC CIRCULATORY SYSTEM - General information on the lymphatic circulatory system - Thyme - Lymph nodes - Spleen - Tonsils - Sap RESPIRATORY SYSTEM - Upper airways: nose and sinuses, nasopharynx - Lower airways: larynx, trachea, bronchi - Lungs and pleurae URINARY SYSTEM - Kidneys - Urinary tract: ureters, bladder, urethra MALE GENITAL APPARATUS - Testicles - Spermatic ways: epididymis, vas deferens, ejaculatory duct - Glands attached to the spermatic tract: seminal vesicles, bulbous-urethral glands, prostate FEMALE GENITAL APPARATUS - Ovaries - Genital tract: uterus, fallopian tubes
Frontal Lessons and practical sessions
- F.H. Martini et al.: Anatomia umana. VI/2016, EdiSES. - K.S. Saladin: Anatomia umana. 2/2017. Piccin-Nuova Libraria. - M Mckinley e V.D. O'Loughlin: Anatomia Umana. 2014. Piccin. G. Ambrosi et al.: Anatomia dell'uomo. 2006, Edi. Ermes
1. Knowing the essential morphological characteristics of cells and subcellular structures, tissues, organs, apparatus and systems of the human body, as well as their main morpho-functional correlates; 2. Knowing the structural organization of the human body, from the macroscopic level to the microscopic level, and the mechanisms through which this organization is realized in the course of embryologic development and differentiation; 3. Knowing the functioning of the different organs of the human body, their dynamic integration in apparatuses and the general control mechanisms in physiological conditions.