Earth sciences

Dottorati
Doctoral programme (PhD)
A.Y. 2019/2020
Study area
Science and Technology
Doctoral programme (PhD)
3
Years
Dipartimento di Scienze della Terra 'Ardito Desio' - Via L. Mangiagalli, 34 - 20133 Milano
Italian
The doctoral programme in Earth Sciences aims to train young researchers so that they are able to autonomously investigate a broad range of geoscience topics. The mission is to form high profile geologists with scientific-technical-experimental training in the study, modelling and management of georesources who are able to solve problems effectively. Based on past experience, the programme will focus on immediately marketable hard & soft skills and meet the need for post-graduate education with up-to-date, innovative know-how. In particular, it will provide advanced specialist training
1. in basic, applied and theoretical research on problems relating to the structure, composition, evolution and dynamics of the Earth;
2. in the characterisation and modelling of the Earth System;
3. in basic and applied research on land use, natural hazards, energy and water resources, geomaterials, mineral prospecting and enhancement of cultural heritage.
The geological perspective of the overall functioning of the Earth System includes research centred on the processes at work on the surface and inside the Earth, on their impact on ecosystems and human activities and, conversely, the short and long-term consequences of human activity on the environment. The complex interactions between geosphere, biosphere, atmosphere and hydrosphere are stored in the geological record, which can be decoded to:
a) reconstruct the development and evolution of our planet, combining experimental observations and models;
b) Define natural resources (oil, gas, mineral raw materials, water), their use and sustainable exploitation;
c) Evaluate geological hazards (e.g., earthquakes, volcanic eruptions, floods, landslides);
d) Devise works of geological engineering and infrastructures;
e) Implement environmental reclamation technologies;
f) Develop exploitation of raw materials for industrial applications;
g) Preserve and make the most of our cultural geo-paleontological heritage;
h) Evaluate forensic applications.
The EARTH SYSTEM: PROCESSES AND MODELLING curriculum aims to develop scientific-technical skills for understanding, quantifying and modelling the current Earth System and the geological record, characterised by complex interactions between Geosphere, Biosphere, Atmosphere and Hydrosphere.
The GEORESOURCES curriculum aims to develop innovative skills to address the global challenges deriving from the growing need for Georesources. Research activities will focus on a wide spectrum of geological skills regarding the identification and exploitation of energy, mineral and water resources while preserving the landscape. The aim is to train high-profile geologists with scientific-technical-experimental training for research, modelling and management of georesources and for studying and enhancing the landscape and cultural heritage.
The programme is organised to meet teaching and research requirements related to the broad spectrum of geosciences. The lines of research developed during the doctoral programme in Earth Sciences are highly topical with extensive international significance, as witnessed by close cooperation with leading international research institutions. Special attention is dedicated to training researchers to tackle complex research topics in an independent and innovative manner. Training of doctoral students includes short courses and workshops, work experience in Italian and international institutions/laboratories, collaboration with industry, participation in Italian and international conferences and workshops, and other activities focused on overall training.
Dipartimento di Scienze della Terra 'Ardito Desio' - Via L. Mangiagalli, 34 - 20133 Milano
Title Professor(s)
Study of groundwater pollution caused by the presence of chlorinated solvents that have a point and non point sources. Use of hydrogeological and isotopic investigation techniques, also with reference to interdisciplinary microbiological knowledge. Approaches to the study of remediation techniques and the evaluation of natural attenuation.
Requisiti: Basic knowledge of flow and solute trasport in groundwater.Knowledge of innovative techniques for remediation of contaminated sites, with particular reference to chlorinated solvents.
Curriculum: Earth system: processses and modeling
Reconstruction of the stratigraphic evolution of a carbonate depositional system. The project focuses on the characterization of the different parts of the selected carbonate system, reconstructing its vertical evolution and depositional architecture. The sedimentological and paleoenvironmental analyses will focus on the identification of the factors controlling the facies type, theur distribution and evolution.
Requisiti: Good skills in stratigraphic and sedimentological field work and geological mapping; experience in carbonate microfacies petrography.
Curriculum: Earth system: processses and modeling
Paraglacial dynamics: analysis of the landforms variation and of the source-to-sink sedimentary systems as a response to deglaciation following the Little Ice Age. Analyses of the fallouts on the geomorphological hazards potentially affecting touristic itineraries.
Requisiti: Basic knowledge of the geomorphological mapping cartography and familiarity with the Geographical Information Systems.
Curriculum: Earth system: processses and modeling
The response of calcareous nannoplankton to paleoclimatic and paleoenvironmental stress conditions over selected Cretaceous case histories: the effects on assemblages composition and biomineralization.
Requisiti: Knowledge in oceanography, paleontology and paleoecology.
Curriculum: Earth system: processses and modeling
Gravitational signature of active tectonics inferred from numerical modeling and geodetic data.
Requisiti: Basic knowledge of geophysics of the solid Earth. Programming experience.
Curriculum: Earth system: processses and modeling
Regional study of the lithosphere rheological structure in the Mediterranean.
Requisiti: Basic knowledge of geophysics of the solid Earth. Programming experience.
Curriculum: Earth system: processses and modeling
Evolution and stable isotope-based paleoecology of planktonic foraminifera across the rise and fall of the Cretaceous hot greenhouse climate.
Requisiti: Knowledge on foraminiferal taxonomy and geochemistry.
Curriculum: Earth system: processses and modeling
Geochemistry and geochronology of the Periadriatic magmatism in the Central-Eastern Alps as a proxy of the slab-mantle interactions during the latest stages of Alpine evolution.
Requisiti: Basic knowledge in petrology, geochemistry and geochronology.
Curriculum: Earth system: processses and modeling
Experimental study on the solubility of elemental carbon characterised by different degrees of order/crystallinity in aqueous fluids at high pressure conditions representing subduzione zones. Solid phases will be chacaterised by micro-Raman spectroscopy, X-ray diffraction and TEM. Isotopic exchanges will be investigated by analysis of carbon isotopes in both solid and volatile phases using mass spectromety.
Requisiti: Basic knowledge in petrology, mineralogy and geochronology.
Curriculum: Earth system: processses and modeling
Li and REE: Occurrences, availability in nature and sustainable consumption
Requisiti: Advanced knowledge of the most common methods of mineralogical and cristallochemical characterization of minerals and their synthetic counterparts.
Curriculum: Earth system: processses and modeling
Energy critical elements in complex crystal structures.
Requisiti: Advanced knowledge of the most common methods of mineralogical and cristallochemical characterization of minerals and their synthetic counterparts.
Curriculum: Georesources
Use of advanced mineralogical and crystallographic techniques to address scientific questions in natural materials and synthetic analogues.
Requisiti: Basic concepts of mineralogy and crystallography and of analytical methods.
Curriculum: Georesources
New geoarchaeological tools to survey and investigate archaeological sites, and to promote their valorization. Archaeological sites are a fragile category of cultural heritage. To increase their global value, we need to perform a detailed survey of evidence with state-of-the-art topographic equipments and innovative methods of Earth Sciences.
Requisiti: Knowledge in Quaternary Geology, Geoarchaeology, and GIS; basics in remote sensing and photogrammetry.
Curriculum: Georesources
Structure-property relationship in selected disordered minerals, produced during acidic mine drainage.
Requisiti: Some experience in powder diffraction and crystallography
Curriculum: Georesources
Understanding the petrogenesis of lithium-cesium-tantalum pegmatites – Radiogenic and stable isotope insights into the origin of lithium-rich pegmatites from the Itremo Region (central Madagascar) and Adamello massif (Southern Alps, Italy)
Requisiti: Basic knowledge in petrology, geochemistry and isotope geochemistry.
Curriculum: Georesources
Multi-disciplinary approach to model clastic systems as outcrop analogue: the links between processes and architectures. The aim is to constrain facies and architectural interpretation to the genetic processes. The study will be based on facies analysis and physical sedimentology of well exposed outcrops, combined with geostatistical modelling.
Requisiti: Basic knowledge in sedimentology.
Curriculum: Georesources

Courses list

November
Courses or activities Professor(s) ECTS Total hours Language
Optional
Geology of decarbonisation
3 18 English

Enrollment

Places available: 8


Call for applications: how to do, attachment 1, Qualifications assessment and exam schedule


Application period: from 05-24-2019 to 06-24-2019
Enrolment period: from 09-23-2019 to 09-27-2019