Il corso intende offrire qualche spunto di riflessione sulla vitalità dell'esperienza giuridica romana attraverso l'esame delle forme costituzionali, dei principi politici e dei modi di produzione del diritto che hanno segnato l'ordinamento quiritario, dalle origini della civitas al sesto secolo d. C.
The course is aimed at illustrating the fundamental institutions of Roman public law by studying the various forms of ancient Roman constitution (monarchy, republic, principate, dominate) in the context of its traditional historic periodization.
Course program The course will be dedicated to the analysis of the sources of law, the constitutional structures, the functioning of State organs and the laws that suppressed crime during the development of the Roman legal experience from the ancient period until the Byzantine period. This will allow students to acquire fundamental knowledge for the comprehension of the principal dynamics of politics and the development of contemporary public law. During the course, passages from ancient sources and modern authors will be presented and read in class, with the objective of illustrating the development of the Roman constitution.
Exam method There will be a written final exam with open questions that test students' in-depth knowledge and comprehension of course contents. In addition to knowledge and understanding of course material, students will be evaluated according to their ability to appropriately express themselves and effectively communicate technical legal concepts. Students may further be tested on their knowledge of and ability to analyze and comment autonomously on single passages of Roman sources, which will be distributed during the final exam.
Suggested text to prepare for the final exam For all students: G. Scherillo - A. Dell'Oro, Manuale di storia del diritto romano, Milano, Cisalpino, 1988. Students who attend lecture must integrate the manual with texts indicated by the professor during lecture. Students who do not attend lecture, rather, will have to integrate the manual with the following volume: L. Gagliardi, Cesare, Pompeo e la lotta per le magistrature. Anni 52-50 a.C., Milano, Giuffrè, 2011.