Institutions of Roman Law studies the legal rules that regulated the lives of Roman citizens for more than one thousand four hundred years: since the foundation of Rome (753 BCE) until the death of Justinian (565 CE). It therefore offers the possibility to follow the changes of a legal system that - although loyal to its principles - knew how to profoundly modify itself and adapt to social, economic and political changes that transformed the burg of shepherds into an Empire that dominated the world. But the fundamental importance of Roman law in legal studies is tied to the influence that Justinian law had on the formation of laws in a large part of modern European countries (and in some extra-European countries). Indeed, over a series of occurrences, the principles, concepts and many precepts of Roman law were absorbed by the legal codes of these countries, making the study of Roman law an essential part of legal education even today.
The final exam will be an oral exam, during which students' degree of in-depth analysis and knowledge of the program will be tested. Students' general ability to express themselves appropriately with regard to technical legal concepts will also be evaluated. As part of the final grade evaluation, students might be asked to autonomously solve specific cases by using the general knowledge acquired during the course and study of general principles of Roman law.
Suggested texts: E. Cantarella, Diritto romano. Istituzioni e storia, Milano, Mondadori, 2010.
Alternatively, upon agreement with the professor, students may use any other institutional manual.