Organic chemistry

A.Y. 2018/2019
Lesson for
6
Max ECTS
56
Overall hours
SSD
CHIM/06
Language
Italian
Learning objectives
The aim of the course is to provide students with the basics concerning theoretical and experimental aspects of organic chemistry
Understanding formulas of organic compounds and their nomenclature; knowledge of the major functional groups, properties and reactivity of organic compounds.

Course structure and Syllabus

Active edition
Yes
CHIM/06 - ORGANIC CHEMISTRY - University credits: 6
Practicals: 16 hours
Lessons: 40 hours
Syllabus
Introduction to organic chemistry: organic compounds: nomenclature and structure of the various functional groups. The Intermolecular bonds in organic compounds and their relations with the physicochemical properties: volatility, solubility, etc. Alkanes and cycloalkane: conformational analysis; physicochemical properties; radicaliche reactions. Alkenes: structure, properties, geometric isomer. Dienes and polyenes. Alkenes: electrophilic addition reactions to the double bond; radicaliche reactions. Alkanes and alkenes in nature: es: aromatic compounds, terpenes: from simple to benzene and polycyclic and heterocyclic: structure, nomenclature. Alogenoderivati of hydrocarbons: structure, properties. Alcohols: structure, properties. Acidity; redox reactions. Phenols: structure, acidity, redox reactions. Antioxidants. Other oxygenated derivatives: Quinones, ethers, epoxides, sulfur compounds: thiols and disulphide bonds. The organic stereochemistry: absolute and relative configuration. Enantiomers and diastereoisomeri; racemes. Relationship between structure and properties of optically active organic compounds. CFCs and the ozone hole. Pesticides. Aldehydes and ketones: structure, properties. redox reactions and Nucleophilic addition to the carbonyl. Aldehydes and ketones: semiacetali and acetals. The glucosides. Aldehydes and ketones: addition of nitrogen nucleophiles. Carbohydrates: mono-, di-and polysaccharides. Monosaccharides: structure, Fisher, stereochemistry. Cyclic forms. Mutarotation. Disaccharides and polysaccharides: properties, importance in biological systems: carboxylic acids, acid-base reactions. Derivatives of carboxylic acids: acyl chlorides, esters, amides, anhydrides, carbamate, urea compounds. Acyl substitution: substitution reactions esterification; hydrolysis of esters and amides. Lipids: fatty acids, triglycerides, phospholipids. Soaps and surfactants. Amines: structure and properties. Natural: nitrogenous compounds eg. amino acids; the peptide bond; pI, peptides and proteins. Classroom exercises on all topics covered during the lectures.
Teaching methods
Any Organic Chemistry text that contains all the topics covered in the course
Lesson period
Second semester
Lesson period
Second semester
Assessment methods
Esame
Assessment result
voto verbalizzato in trentesimi
Educational website(s)