Labour market, education and training

A.Y. 2019/2020
Lesson for
12
Max ECTS
80
Overall hours
SSD
SECS-P/01 SPS/09
Language
English
Learning objectives
The aim of this course is to introduce students to the sociology and the economics of labour market, education and training, with particular attention to inequality of opportunities and social stratification and mobility. Quantitative approaches will be privileged but also qualitative evidence will be presented and discussed. The course includes two modules. Although the general empirical evidence-based approach is the same, the first module will adopt a sociological approach, paying attention to the historical and institutional processes who shape current labour market and VET activities, while the second will adopt an economic approach, with focus on causality issues and on research designs enabling to overcome them. At the end of the course, students should have the theoretical and analytical tools needed to understand empirical results in contemporary education and labor market research. Moreover, students must also have a thorough understanding of how methodological issues in labour market and inequality research are related to theoretical concepts and substantive questions. Students will thus be able to evaluate current public opinion debates on socio-economic inequality and relate them to their own professional activity in human resources management or policy analysis and design.
The exam is written and includes both modules. The exam for the sociological modules includes 6 open-ended questions, while the exam for the economic modules will have the students answer to 2 open-ended questions.
For a good understanding of the course, students are required to have a good knowledge of basic data analysis techniques and of labour economics.

Course structure and Syllabus

Active edition
Yes
Responsible
SECS-P/01 - ECONOMICS - University credits: 6
SPS/09 - ECONOMIC SOCIOLOGY AND SOCIOLOGY OF WORK AND ORGANIZATIONS - University credits: 6
Lessons: 80 hours
ATTENDING STUDENTS
Syllabus
First module. Lectures will concentrate mainly on industrial societies, focusing on their structure of social inequalities in the school system (i.e. inequality of educational opportunities) and in the labor market. The final part of the course is devoted to group presentation, where students will present, comment and discuss the empirical research on social stratification and mobility in different countries.
Main topics: introduction to sociology (key sociological theories and research methods); overview of social stratification and inequality; basic processes of status attainment and social mobility; sociology of education; inequality of educational opportunities; returns to education; inequality of educational opportunities and social mobility.

Second module. Lectures will concentrate on the main economic models explaining the demand for education (human capital investment theory and signaling), issues related with the supply of education, educational financing, the return to education, and intergenerational mobility. There will also be some lectures devoted to the main statistical methods commonly used in Education and Labor Economics. In the final part of this module students will present in class some papers related to Education and Labor Economics.

Reference material
First module:
- Brint, S. G. (2006). Schools and societies. Stanford University Press.
- Hadjar, A. and Gross, C. (2016), Education systems and inequalities. Policy Press, introduction, chapters 1, 4, 5, 7, 9, 11, 15, conclusion.
- Bernardi, F., Ballarino, G. (2016), Education, Occupation and Social Origin: A comparative analysis of the transmission of socio-economic inequalities, Edgar Elgar, chapters 1, 9, 15, 16.
- Other compulsory readings will be provided during class (for attending students)
Additional readings
- Wright, E.O. ed. (2005), Approaches to Class Analysis, Cambridge University Press.
- Shavit, Y., & Blossfeld, H. P. (1993). Persistent Inequality: Changing Educational Attainment in Thirteen Countries. Social Inequality Series. Westview Press, 5500 Central Avenue, Boulder, CO 80301-2847.
- Shavit, Y., & Muller, W. (1998). From School to Work. A Comparative Study of Educational Qualifications and Occupational Destinations. Oxford University Press, 2001 Evans Road, Cary, NC 27513.


Second module:
- Daniele Checchi, The Economics of Education. Human Capital, Family Background and Inequality, Cambridge University Press, last edition.
- A list of papers and additional material will be distributed during the course.
NON-ATTENDING STUDENTS
Syllabus
First module. Lectures will concentrate mainly on industrial societies, focusing on their structure of social inequalities in the school system (i.e. inequality of educational opportunities) and in the labor market. The final part of the course is devoted to group presentation, where students will present, comment and discuss the empirical research on social stratification and mobility in different countries.
Main topics: introduction to sociology (key sociological theories and research methods); overview of social stratification and inequality; basic processes of status attainment and social mobility; sociology of education; inequality of educational opportunities; returns to education; inequality of educational opportunities and social mobility.

Second module. Lectures will concentrate on the main economic models explaining the demand for education (human capital investment theory and signaling), issues related with the supply of education, educational financing, the return to education, and intergenerational mobility. There will also be some lectures devoted to the main statistical methods commonly used in Education and Labor Economics. In the final part of this module students will present in class some papers related to Education and Labor Economics.

Students who plan to give the exam without having taken the classes are required to get in touch with professor Ballarino at least 2 months before the examination

Reference material
First module:
- Brint, S. G. (2006). Schools and societies. Stanford University Press.
- Hadjar, A. and Gross, C. (2016), Education systems and inequalities. Policy Press
- Bernardi, F., Ballarino, G. (2016), Education, Occupation and Social Origin: A comparative analysis of the transmission of socio-economic inequalities. Chapters 1 and 16


Additional readings
- Wright, E.O. ed. (2005), Approaches to Class Analysis, Cambridge University Press.
- Shavit, Y., & Blossfeld, H. P. (1993). Persistent Inequality: Changing Educational Attainment in Thirteen Countries. Social Inequality Series. Westview Press, 5500 Central Avenue, Boulder, CO 80301-2847.
- Shavit, Y., & Muller, W. (1998). From School to Work. A Comparative Study of Educational Qualifications and Occupational Destinations. Oxford University Press, 2001 Evans Road, Cary, NC 27513.


Second module:
- Daniele Checchi, The Economics of Education. Human Capital, Family Background and Inequality, Cambridge University Press, last edition.
- A list of papers and additional material will be distributed during the course.
Lesson period
First trimester
Lesson period
First trimester
Assessment methods
Esame
Assessment result
voto verbalizzato in trentesimi
Educational website(s)
Professor(s)
Reception:
Tuesday 15.00-17.00 unless stated differently in this website (please write me for confirmation).
DEMM, room 21, second floor