Behavioural sociology

A.A. 2019/2020
9
Crediti massimi
60
Ore totali
SSD
SPS/07
Lingua
Inglese
Obiettivi formativi
The course introduces students to behavioural sociology, with a particular focus on the use of experimental methods to examine social behaviour. It will present an approach that integrates social psychology, behavioural sciences and sociology to understand social behaviour in complex interaction settings
Risultati apprendimento attesi
By attending this module, students will familiarize with experimental methods and learn how to use them to understand social behaviour. They will learn how to develop counterfactual and implication analysis and apply inquisitive thinking to the analysis of social behaviour in a variety of contexts, e.g., social media, groups and organisations
Programma e organizzazione didattica

Edizione unica

Responsabile
Periodo
Primo trimestre
Programma
The courses introduces behavioural sociology as a discipline and presents its epistemological and methodological foundations. The focus is on the following topics:
Behavioural sociology as a discipline and its epistemological foundations;
Social evolution with examples of moral dilemmas, in which different values, motivations and reasons can conflict; the context-specific nature of social behaviour and the tension between individual and collective interests; "us versus them" categorizations and the role of emotions;
The social exchange theory with references to classic studies and recent experimental findings on reciprocity, solidarity and status;
Behavioural game theory (BGT) and its explanation of cooperation and collective dilemmas, with reference to informal and formal enforcements, punishment and rewards, inequality aversion, social norms and expectations;
Trust, reputation and gossip as leaning scaffolds and social control devices;
Social influence and the social susceptibility of human behaviour in a variety of social contexts, with a special focus on outcome unpredictability;
Threshold models of collective behaviour;
Unintended consequences of social behaviour;
Experimental design for behavioural research.
Prerequisiti e modalità di esame
Written exam with a mix of closed and open questions
Materiale didattico e bibliografia
Fully commented lecture notes including all the following materials will be provided online. The notes include the following materials:

Peter M. Blau (1964) Exchange and Power in Social Life, Chapter 4 "Social Exchange", Transaction Publishers, New Brunswick, pp. 87-114.
Riccardo Boero, Giangiacomo Bravo, Marco Castellani and Flaminio Squazzoni (2009) Reputational cues in repeated trust games, Journal of Socio-Economics, 38, 871-77.
Iris Bohnet (2009) Experiments. In P. Hedstrom & P. Bearman (Eds.) The Oxford Handbook of Analytical Sociology. Oxford University Press, Chapter 26, 619-638.639-665.
Giangiacomo Bravo, Flaminio Squazzoni and Karoly Takacs (2015) Intermediaries in trust: Indirect reciprocity, incentives and norms, Journal of Applied Mathematics, doi:10.1155/2015/234528
Richard Breen (2009) Game Theory. In P. Hedstrom & P. Bearman (Eds.) The Oxford Handbook of Analytical Sociology. Oxford University Press, Chapter 26, 619-638.
Nan Dirk de Graaf & Dingeman Wiertz (2019) Societal Problems as Public Bads, Chapter 2 "Analytical Framework", Routledge, London, pp. 24-48.
Jon Elster (2015) Explaining Social Behavior. More Nuts and Bolts for the Social Sciences, Chapter 1 "Explanation", Cambridge University Press, Cambridge, pp. 3-22
Ernst Fehr & Herbert Gintis (2007) Human Motivation and Social Cooperation: Experimental and Analytical Foundations. Annual Review of Sociology, 33, pp. 43-64
Francesca Giardini & Rafael Wittek (2019) Gossip, Reputation and Sustainable Cooperation: Sociological Foundations. In F. Giardini & R. Wittek (Eds.) The Oxford Handbook of Gossip and Reputation. Oxford University Press, Chapter 2, 23-46.
Mark Granovetter (1978) Threshold Models of Collective Behavior. American Journal of Sociology, 83(6), 1420-1443.
Joshua Greene (2013) Moral Tribes. Emotion, Reason, and the Gap Between Us and Them, Chapter 4 "Trolleyology" and part of Chapter 5 "Efficiency, Flexibility, and the Dual-Process Brain", Atlantic Books, London, pp. 105-141.
Joseph Henrich et al. (2005) "Economic Man" in Cross-Cultural Perspective: Behavioural Experiments in 15 Small-Scale Societies. Behavioral and Brain Sciences, 28(6), 795-815.
George C. Homans (1969) The Sociological Relevance of Behaviorism. In R. L. Burgess & D. Bushell Jr. (Eds.), Behavioral Sociology. The Experimental Analysis of Social Process, Columbia University Press, New York, pp. 1-24.
Charles Roddie (2019) Reputation and Gossip in Game Theory. In F. Giardini & R. Wittek (Eds.) The Oxford Handbook of Gossip and Reputation. Oxford University Press, Chapter 12, 214-229.
Matthew J Salganik & Duncan J. Watts (2009) Social Influence. The Puzzling Nature of Success in Cultural Markets. In P. Hedstrom & P. Bearman (Eds.) The Oxford Handbook of Analytical Sociology. Oxford University Press, Chapter 14, 315-341.
Robert Sapolsky (2017) Behave. The Biology of Humans at Our Best and Worst, Chapter 11 "Us Versus Them", Atlantic Books, London, pp. 387-424.
Thomas Schelling (1971) Dynamic Models of Segregation. Journal of Mathematical Sociology, 1, 143-186.
John F. Stolte, Gary Alan Fine & Karen S. Cook (2001) Sociological Miniaturism: Seeing the Big Through the Small in Social Psychology. Annual Review of Sociology, 27, pp. 387-413.
Nan Dirk de Graaf & Dingeman Wiertz (2019) Societal Problems as Public Bads, Chapter 2 "Analytical Framework", Routledge, London, pp. 24-48.
Duncan J. Watts & Peter Dodds (2009) Threshold Models of Social Influence. In P. Hedstrom & P. Bearman (Eds.) The Oxford Handbook of Analytical Sociology. Oxford University Press, Chapter 20, 475-497
SPS/07 - SOCIOLOGIA GENERALE - CFU: 9
Lezioni: 60 ore
Siti didattici
Docente/i
Ricevimento:
Mercoledì ore 15-17
Ufficio 315, Lato Passione