Human body

A.A. 2018/2019
19
Crediti massimi
248
Ore totali
SSD
BIO/16 BIO/17
Lingua
Inglese
Programma e organizzazione didattica

Edizione unica

Prerequisiti e modalità di esame
· Lectures
· Tutorial activities at the light microscope
· Tutorial activities with human organs and models of human organs
· Small group activities with human organs and models of human organs
· Seminars
Assessment methods: multiple choice tests and oral assessment, slide diagnosis at the light microscope.
Intermediate tests: At the end of the first semester, students will be evaluated through a multiple choice test and for their ability to describe and recognize histological preparations at the light microscope (histology, with tissue diagnosis; microanatomy, with organ diagnosis). A second multiple choice test will be performed at the end of the second semester (II semester topics).
Students who have successfully passed both intermediate tests and both slide diagnoses will be admitted to the oral exam. Slide diagnoses will remain always valid; the two intermediate multiple choice tests will be valid for two oral examinations throughout the entire academic year.
Starting from the end of the course: it will be possible to take a single multiple choice test covering the whole program, as well as both slide diagnoses. In case of failure of the oral exam, the test will be kept valid through the session (summer, fall or winter session).
Before each oral exam session, it will be possible to take a single multiple choice test covering the whole program, as well as both slide diagnoses.
Histology and embryology
Programma
Program of the form:
HISTOLOGY
· Lecture 1: Presentation of the course. Introduction to histology. From tissue sample collection to the observation at the microscope.
· Lecture 2: Special topic: Instruments for morphological analysis and biomedical applications: not "simply" microscopes.
· Lecture 3: Epithelia: apical and basolateral specializations of epithelial cells. Cell junctions.
· Lecture 4: Lining epithelia: classification and localizations.
· Lecture 5: Exocrine glands.
· Lecture 6: Endocrine glands.
· Lecture 7: Connective tissue: cellular components and extracellular matrix.
· Lecture 8: Connective tissue: proper connective tissue
· Lecture 9: Specialized connective tissue: cartilage.
· Lecture 10: Specialized connective tissue: bone and osteogenesis.
· Lectures 11-12: Specialized connective tissue: blood and hemopoiesis.
· Lectures 13-14: Muscle tissue: skeletal, cardiac and smooth muscle tissues.
· Lecture 15: Special topic: Tenocytes are ''superman-like'' cells in tendons.
· Lectures 16-17-18: Nervous tissue
· Lecture 19: Dental tissues: enamel, dentin, pulp, and periodontal tissues

GENERAL EBRYOLOGY
· Lecture 1: Introduction. Male gametogenesis. Testes and cycle of the seminiferous epithelium. Introduction to genital ducts.
· Lecture 2: Female gametogenesis. Ovary and uterus. Maturation of follicles and menstrual cycle
· Lecture 3: Fertilization. Early stages of the embryo development. Segmentation. Morula. Blastocyst implantation
· Lecture 4: 3rd week of embryo development
· Lecture 5: Embryo annexes

ORGAN STRUCTURE AND SYSTEM DEVELOPMENT
· Lecture 1. Principles of organ architecture.
· Lecture 2. Heart and pericardium.
· Lecture 3. Structure of blood vessels and lymphatic vessels.
· Lectures 4-5. Layout of the vascular system.
· Lecture 6. Lymphoid organs (lymphnodes, spleen, thymus, tonsils).
· Lecture 7. Digestive system part I: overview of the oral cavity and of the pharynx; macroscopic aspects, functional architecture and structure of the esophagus and the stomach.
· Lecture 8. Digestive system part II: macroscopic aspects, functional architecture and structure of the small and large intestine.
· Lectures 9-10. Digestive system part III: Macroscopic aspects, functional architecture and structure of the salivary glands, exocrine pancreas and liver.
· Lecture 11. Lower respiratory tract: macroscopic aspects, functional architecture and structure.
· Lecture 12. Urinary system: macroscopic aspects, functional architecture and structure of the kidney, ureters and lower urinary tract.
· Lectures 13-14. Reproductive system: macroscopic aspects, functional architecture and structure of the male and female reproductive system.
· Lecture 15. The 4th week: establishing the body plan.
· Lecture 16. Topic: Development of the cardiovascular system, fetal circulation, neonatal circulation.
· Lecture 17. The primordial pharynx and the pharyngeal apparatus.
· Lecture 18. Development of the lower respiratory tract.
· Lectures 19-20. Development of the digestive system.
· Lecture 21. Development of the urogenital system.
Materiale didattico e bibliografia
Bibliography:
· Langman's Medical Embryology. Lippincott Williams & Wilkins; 12th Edition, 2011
· Larsen's Human Embryology. Churchill Livingstone, 2008
· Moore, Persaud, Torchia The Developing Human: Clinically Oriented Embryology. Elsevier, 9th Edition, 2011
· Wheater's Functional Histology: A Text and Colour Atlas. Barbara Churchill Livingstone, 2006
· Ross and Pawlina Histology A Text and Atlas - With Correlated Cell and Molecular Biology. Lippincott Williams & Wilkins, 6th Edition, 2010
Anatomy
Programma
Program of the form:
GENERAL ANATOMY
· Lecture 1. From tissues to body: organs and systems. Anatomical nomenclature
· Lecture 2. From outside to inside: topographical hints
· Lecture 3. Intercommunication between the body and the environment (skin and its appendages).
· Lecture 4. Bones: support, movement and protection.
· Lecture 5. Joints: support and movement.
· Lecture 6. Skeletal muscles: support, movement and protection.
· Lectures 7-8-9. The skull: bones, fossae and general architecture.
· Practical/General anatomy 1 and 2: The skull

REGIONAL ANATOMY
· Lectures 1-2. Trunk: the back.
· Lectures 3-4-5 Trunk: the thorax.
· Lectures 6-7-8-9 Trunk: the abdomen and pelvis.
· Lectures 10-11-12-13-14-15. Pectoral and pelvic girdles, upper and lower limb.
· Practical/Regional anatomy 1 and 2: Trunk & the back.
· Practical/Regional anatomy 3 and 4: Trunk: the thorax.
· Practical/Regional anatomy 5 and 6: Trunk: the abdomen and pelvis.
· Practical/Regional anatomy 7-8-9-10: Upper and lower limb.

NEUROANATOMY
· Lecture 1. Phylogenesis and general organization.
· Lectures 2-3. Development of the nervous system.
· Lecture 4: Spinal cord, spinal nerves.
· Lecture 5. Peripheral nervous system: spinal plexuses.
· Lecture 6. Peripheral nervous system: Autonomic nervous system.
· Lectures 7-8-9. Brainstem and cerebellum.
· Lectures 10-11-12.Telencephalon and diencephalon.
· Practical/Neuroanatomy: macroscopic organization.
Materiale didattico e bibliografia
Bibliography:
· Moore & Dalley Clinically Oriented Anatomy. Lippincott Williams & Wilkins, 2009
· Gray's Anatomy The Anatomical Basis Of Clinical Practice. Churchill Livingstone, 2008
Moduli o unità didattiche
Anatomy
BIO/16 - ANATOMIA UMANA - CFU: 13
Esercitazioni: 48 ore
Lezioni: 120 ore

Histology and embryology
BIO/17 - ISTOLOGIA - CFU: 6
Esercitazioni: 32 ore
Lezioni: 48 ore

Siti didattici
Docente/i
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Dipartimento di Scienze Biomediche per la Salute - V. Mangiagalli, 31
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Dipartimento di Scienze Biomediche per la Salute - via Mangiagalli 31, Milano