International refugee and human rights law

Struttura insegnamento e programma

Edizione attiva
Lezioni: 45 ore
Docente: Fischel De Andrade Jose' Henrique
Programma
General information and course structure
This course examines the protection regime pertaining to refugees, internally displaced persons (IDPs), and stateless persons. It gives special attention to the evolving set of legal norms, institutions, and procedures that have emerged from the international community's resolve to protect refugees and other forced migrants.
The course begins with an introduction to the basic concepts and elements of the international regimes regarding human rights and refugee protection (session 1). It then continues with a historical perspective of the pre-United Nations initiatives to protect refugees (session 2). After addressing the normative ethics and politics of refugee protection (session 3) it analysis the institutional pillars and the main challenges of the refugee regime both at the global (sessions 4 and 5) and regional levels (sessions 6 and 7). The course then examines the legal pillar of the refugee regime (sessions 8 and 9). Last but not least, the course will review the protection of IDPs (session 13) and of stateless persons (session 14). Throughout the course, case studies will be used so that students can translate into practice the legal instruments, theoretical concepts, and doctrine that they have learned (in particular sessions 10, 11, 12, and 15).

Course objective
This course aims to provide class members with the necessary knowledge and tools which will allow them to understand and position themselves critically with regard to a variety of issues related to refugees and other forced migrants.
At the end of the course, students will be equipped with both the historical, political, and legal knowledge necessary to understand the main challenges involving the legal and institutional protection of refugees and forced migrants. They will also have learned how to use the procedural tools which allow to differentiate refugees and other forced migrants from other migrants, e.g. economic and environmental migrants.

Sessions' schedule

Date Session Subject

9 March 1 · International human rights and refugee protection regimes

I - SINCE WHEN ARE REFUGEES PROTECTED?
10 March 2 · A historical account of refugee protection

II - WHY ARE REFUGEES PROTECTED?
11 March 3 · The normative ethics and politics of refugee protection

III - HOW IS THE PROTECTION OF REFUGEES STRUCTURED?
12 March 4 · The institutional pillar: UNHCR's mandate and activities
13 March 5 · (cont.)
20 April 6 · The protection of refugees in Europe
21 April 7 · The protection of refugees in Africa and Latin America

IV - WHO IS PROTECTED AS A REFUGEE?
22 April 8 · The normative pillar: the 1951 Refugee Convention and its 1967 Protocol
23 April 9 · (cont.) + Case study: asylum-seeker's interview (video) + establishment of groups
24 April 10 · Case study: hearing (cross-examination)
18 May 11 · Case study: hearing (pleading)
19 May 12 · Case studies: eligibility

V - INTERNALLY DISPLACED PERSONS
20 May 13 · IDPs: normative and institutional arrangements + Case studies

VI - STATELESS PERSONS
21 May 14 · Stateless persons + Case studies

22 May 15 · Case study: hearing (sentence)



SESSION 1: 9 March 2015

Session's Subjects
· Introduction to the course
· International human rights and refugee protection regimes

Compulsory Reading
Donnelly, J. Universal Human Rights in Theory and Practice. 3rd ed., Cornell University Press, Ithaca/London, 2013, pp. 161-196 [Chapter 11: "International Human Rights Regimes"].

Recommended Reading
Betts, A. "The Refugee Regime Complex", 29(1) Refugee Survey Quarterly (2010), pp. 13-37.
Canefe, N. "The Fragmented Nature of the International Refugee Regime and its consequences: a comparative analysis of the application of the 1951 Convention", in J.C. Simeon (ed.), Critical Issues in International Refugee Law: strategies toward interpretative harmony, Cambridge, Cambridge University Press, 2010, pp. 174-210.
UNHCR. Expert Meeting on Complementarities between International Refugee Law, International Criminal Law and International Human Rights Law: Summary Conclusions, Arusha, 2011.

SESSION 2: 10 March 2015

Session's Subjects
· A historical account of refugee protection

Compulsory Reading
Price, M.E. Rethinking Asylum - history, purpose, and limits. Cambridge, Cambridge University Press, 2009, pp. 24-68 [Chapter 1: "Recovering Asylum's Political Roots"].

Recommended Reading
Grahl-Madsen, A. "The European Tradition of Asylum and the Development of Refugee Law", 3(3) Journal of Peace Research (1966), pp. 278-288.
Hathaway, J.C. "The Evolution of Refugee Status in International Law: 1920-1950", 33(2) International and Comparative Law Quarterly (1984), pp. 348-380.
Sinn, U. "Greek sanctuaries as places of refuge", in N. Marinatos & R. Hägg (eds), Greek Sanctuaries - new approaches, London, Routledge, 1993, pp. 88-109.

SESSION 3: 11 March 2015

Session's Subjects
· The normative ethics and politics of refugee protection

Compulsory Reading
Singer, P. & R. Singer. "The Ethics of Refugee Policy", in M. Gibney (ed.), Open Borders? Closed Societies?: the ethical and political issues, Westport, Greenwood, 1988, pp. 111-130.

Recommended Reading
Cronin, B. Institutions for the Common Good - international protection regimes in international society. Cambridge, Cambridge University Press, 2003, pp. 152-184 [Chapter 6: "The nation-state and the protection of refugees"].
Gibney, M.J. "Liberal Democratic States and Responsibilities to Refugees", 93(1) American Political Science Review (1999), pp. 169-181.
Haddad, E. "Refugee Protection: a clash of values", 7(3) International Journal of Human Rights (2003), pp. 1-26.


SESSION 4: 12 March 2015

Session's Subjects
· The institutional pillar: UNHCR's mandate and activities
o Mandate: evolutionary perspective
o Advocacy and urban settings

Compulsory Reading
Loescher, G. The UNHCR and World Politics, Oxford, Oxford University Press, 2001, pp. 1-20 [Chapter 1: "The UNHCR at 50: State pressures and institutional autonomy"].
UNHCR. HQs Organigramme; available at http://www.unhcr.org/4bffd0dc9.html

Recommended Reading
Lewis, C. UNHCR and International Refugee Law: from treaties to innovation, Routledge, London, 2012, pp. 50-77 [Chapter 3: "Flexibility in UNHCR's international law role"].
Loescher, G. et al. The United Nations High Commissioner for Refugees for (UNHCR): the politics and practice of refugee protection into the twenty-first century, Routledge, London, 2008, pp. 121-130 [Chapter 6: "Towards the future"].
UNHCR. Procedural Standards for Refugee Status Determination Under UNHCR's Mandate, Geneva, 2003.

SESSION 5: 13 March 2015

Session's Subjects
· The institutional pillar: UNHCR's mandate and activities
o Mass influx situations and rural settings
· Movie: "Guinea: Aid and Abuse" (13'27")

Compulsory Reading
Hyndman, J. "A Refugee Camp Conundrum: Geopolitics, Liberal Democracy, and Protracted Refugee Situations", 28(2) Refuge (2011), pp. 7-15.
Video: http://dannyfisher.org/2009/02/27/the-new-york-times-nicholas-kristof-a… (4'23")

Recommended Reading
Davis, J. & R. Lambert. Engineering in Emergencies: a practical guide for relief workers. London, Intermediate Technology Publ. Ltd., 1995, pp. 556-574 [Chapter 17: "Refugees Camps"].
Harrell-Bond, B. "The experience of refugees as recipients of aid", in A. Ager (ed.), Refugees: perspectives on the experience of forced migration, London, Pinter, 1999, pp. 136-168.
UNHCR. UNHCR Policy on Alternatives to Camps, 22 July 2014.

SESSION 6: 20 April 2015

Session's Subjects
· The protection of refugees in Europe

Compulsory Reading
Bank, R. "Forced Migration in Europe", in E. Fiddian-Qasmiyeh et al. (eds), The Oxford Handbook of Refugee and Forced Migration Studies, Oxford, Oxford University Press, 2014, pp. 690-702.

Recommended Reading
El-Enany, N. & Thielemann, E.R. "The Impact of the EU on National Asylum Policies", in S. Wolff et al. (eds), in The Area of Freedom, Security and Justice: myth or reality? Taking stock of the Lisbon Treaty and the Stockholm Programme, The Hague, Asser, 2011, pp. 97-116.
Guild, E. "The European Geography of Refugee Protection: exclusions, limitations and exceptions from the 1967 Protocol to the present", 4 European Human Rights Law Review (2012), pp. 413-426.
Hathaway, J.C. "Harmonizing for Whom? The Devaluation of Refugee Protection in the Era of European Economic Integration", 26(3) Cornell International Law Journal (1993), pp. 719-735.

SESSION 7: 21 April 2015

Session's Subjects
· The protection of refugees in Africa and Latin America

Compulsory Reading
Fischel de Andrade, J.H. "Forced Migration in South America", in E. Fiddian-Qasmiyeh et al. (eds), The Oxford Handbook of Refugee and Forced Migration Studies, Oxford, Oxford University Press, 2014, pp. 677-689.

Recommended Reading
Arboleda, E. "Refugee Definition in Africa and Latin America: the lessons of pragmatism", 3(2) International Journal of Refugee Law (1991), pp. 185-207.
Rankin, M.B. Extending the Limits or Narrowing the Scope? Deconstructing the OAU Refugee Definition Thirty Years On (New Issues in Refugee Research: Working Paper No. 113). Geneva, UNHCR, 2005, 29p.
Reed-Hurtado, M. The Cartagena Declaration on Refugees and the Protection of People Fleeing Armed Conflict and Other Situations of Violence in Latin America (PPLA/2013/03). Geneva, UNHCR, 2013, 33p.

SESSION 8: 22 April 2015

Session's Subjects
· The normative pillar: the 1951 Refugee Convention and its 1967 Protocol
o 1951 Convention's art. 1 A (2) [inclusion clauses]

Recommended Reading
UNHCR. Handbook and Guidelines on Procedures and Criteria for Determining Refugee Status under the 1951 Convention and the 1967 Protocol Relating to the Status of Refugees, Geneva, 2011, pp. 5-42.

Compulsory Reading
Ibhawoh, B. "Defining Persecution and Protection: the cultural relativism debate and the rights of refugees", in N. Steiner et al. (eds), Problems of Protection - the UNHCR, refugees, and human rights, New York, Routledge, 2003, pp. 61-75.
Jackson, I.C. "The 1951 Convention relating to the Status of Refugees: a universal basis for protection", 3(3) International Journal of Refugee Law (1991), pp. 403-413.
UNHCR. Interpreting Article 1 of the 1951 Convention Relating to the Status of Refugees, Geneva, 2001.

SESSION 9: 23 April 2015

Session's Subjects
· The normative pillar: the 1951 Refugee Convention and its 1967 Protocol
o 1951 Convention's art. 1 C [cessation clauses] and art. 1 D, E, F [exclusion clauses]
· Case study: asylum-seeker's interview (video)
· Establishment of groups

Compulsory Reading
UNHCR. Handbook and Guidelines on Procedures and Criteria for Determining Refugee Status under the 1951 Convention and the 1967 Protocol Relating to the Status of Refugees, Geneva, 2011, pp. 115-122 [Guidelines on International Protection No. 5: Application of Exclusion Clauses: Article 1F of the 1951 Convention relating to the Status of Refugees].
______. Article 1F, Framework for Exclusion Analysis.

Recommended Reading
Fitzpatrick, J. & Bonoan, R. "Cessation of Refugee Status", in E. Feller et al. (eds), Refugee Protection in International Law - UNHCR's Global Consultations on International Protection, Cambridge, Cambridge University Press, 2003, pp. 491-544; available at www.refworld.org.
Harvey, C. "Exclusion from Refugee Status and the Interpretation of 'Political Crimes'", 47 Northern Ireland Legal Quarterly (1996), pp. 314-321.
UNHCR. Handbook and Guidelines on Procedures and Criteria for Determining Refugee Status under the 1951 Convention and the 1967 Protocol Relating to the Status of Refugees, Geneva, 2011, pp. 97-104 [Guidelines on International Protection No. 3: Cessation of Refugee Status under Article 1C(5) and (6) of the 1951 Convention relating to the Status of Refugees (the "Ceased Circumstances" clauses)].

SESSION 10: 24 April 2015

Session's Subjects
· Case study: hearing (cross-examination)

SESSION 11: 18 May 2015

Session's Subjects
· Case study: hearing (pleading)

SESSION 12: 19 May 2015

Session's Subjects
· Case Studies: eligibility

SESSION 13: 20 May 2015

Session's Subjects
· IDPs: normative and institutional arrangements
o Case studies

Compulsory Reading
Global Protection Cluster (GPC). Handbook for the Protection of Internally Displaced Persons, Geneva, GPC, 2010, pp. 7-17 [Part I.1: "Key concepts and approaches"] and pp. 18-41 [Part I.2: "The legal framework"].

Recommended Reading
Fischel de Andrade, J.H. & N. Delaney. "Minority Return to South-Eastern Bosnia and Herzegovina: a review of the 2000 return season", 14(3) Journal of Refugee Studies (2001), pp. 315-330.
Mooney, E.D. "Something Old, Something New, Something Borrowed... Something Blue? The protection potential of a marriage of concepts between R2P and IDP protection", 2 Global Responsibility to Protect (2010), pp. 60-85.
Orchard, P. "Implementing a Global Internally Displaced Persons Protection Regime", in A. Betts & P. Orchard (eds), Implementation & World Politics - how international norms change practice, Oxford, Oxford University Press, 2014, pp. 105-123.

SESSION 14: 21 May 2015

Session's Subjects
· Stateless persons: identification, prevention, reduction, and protection
o Case studies

Compulsory Reading
UNHCR. Handbook on Protection of Stateless Persons. Geneva, UNHCR, 2014, pp. 3-59 [Introduction and Parts 1-3].

Recommended Reading
Darling, K. "Protection of Stateless Persons in International Asylum and Refugee Law", 21(4) International Journal of Refugee Law (2009), pp. 742-767.
UNHCR & IPU. Nationality and Statelessness (Handbook for Parliamentarians No. 22), Geneva, 2014.
Vlieks, C. Strategic Litigation: An Obligation for Statelessness Determination under the European Convention on Human Rights? (Discussion Paper 09/14). London, European Network on Statelessness, 2014, 27p.

SESSION 15: 22 May 2015

Session's Subjects
· Case study: hearing (sentence)
Informazioni sul programma
Class members are expected to prepare in advance for each session. They are encouraged to read materials and references and to consult additional primary sources of international law, in particular international refugee and human rights treaties. All students will have the opportunity to contribute to the case studies assigned in advance.

Receiving hours & contact
Those students wishing to meet with the professor may do so at the Faculty of Law's Library of International Law every day that there is teaching session. It is advisable that they send an email in advance to jose.fischel@unimi.it to make an appointment.
Students are kindly requested to include their name followed by the subject of the email in the message title; for example: "Alba Pozzi - thesis" or "Paolo Rubera - internship", or "Matteo Artini - 2014/2015 course - doubt regarding exam".
Prerequisiti e modalità di esame
There is no prerequisite to attend this course. Only registered students who attend at least 75% of sessions will receive a final mark.
This course will be evaluated against the participation of the students in class activities and one (01) exam to be held on 15 June 2015.
Materiale didattico e bibliografia
Betts, A. Forced Migrants and Global Politics. Malden/Oxford, Wiley-Blackwell, 2009.
Crépeau, F. et al. (eds). Forced Migration and Global Processes - a view from forced migration studies. Oxford, Lexington Books, 2005.
Feller, E. et al. (eds). Refugee Protection in International Law - UNHCR's Global Consultations on International Protection, Cambridge, Cambridge University Press, 2003; available at www.refworld.org
Fiddian-Qasmiyeh, E. et al. (eds). The Oxford Handbook of Refugee and Forced Migration Studies. Oxford, Oxford University Press, 2014.
Fischel de Andrade, J.H. & M.P. Contreras. Cases and Materials on Refugees and Forced Migrants. Milano, 2015.
Goodwin-Gill, G. & J. McAdam. 3rd ed., The Refugee in International Law, Oxford. Oxford University Press, 2007.
Hathaway, J.C. The Rights of Refugees in International Law. Cambridge, Cambridge University Press, 2005.
______ & M. Foster. The Law of Refugee Status. 2nd ed., Cambridge, Cambridge University Press, 2014.
UNHCR. A Thematic Compilation of Executive Committee Conclusions. Geneva, UNHCR, 2011.
______. Handbook and Guidelines on Procedures and Criteria for Determining Refugee Status under the 1951 Convention and the 1967 Protocol Relating to the Status of Refugees. Geneva, UNHCR, 2011.
______. Handbook on Protection of Stateless Persons. Geneva, UNHCR, 2014.
______. Procedural Standards for Refugee Status Determination under UNHCR's Mandate. Geneva, UNHCR, 2003.
______. UNHCR Compilation of Case Law on Refugee Protection in International Law. Geneva, UNHCR, 2008.
______. UNHCR Master Glossary of Terms. Geneva, UNHCR, 2006.
______. UNHCR Protection Manual. Geneva, UNHCR, 2014.
Weis, P. The Refugee Convention, 1951 - The Travaux Preparatoires analysed with a commentary by Dr Paul Weis (Cambridge International Documents Series, v. 7). Cambridge, Cambridge University Press, 1995.
Zimmermann, A. (ed.). The 1951 Convention relating to the Status of Refugees and its 1967 Protocol - a commentary. Oxford, Oxford University Press, 2011.
Periodo
Secondo semestre
Periodo
Secondo semestre
Modalità di valutazione
Esame
Giudizio di valutazione
voto verbalizzato in trentesimi