International refugee and human rights law

Struttura insegnamento e programma

Edizione attiva
Lezioni: 45 ore
Docente: Fischel De Andrade Jose' Henrique
Programma
General information and course structure
This course examines the protection regime pertaining to refugees, internally displaced persons (IDPs), and stateless persons. It gives special attention to the evolving set of legal norms, institutions, and procedures that have emerged from the international community's resolve to protect refugees and other forced migrants.

The course begins with an introduction to the basic concepts and elements of the international regimes regarding human rights and asylum (session 1). It then continues with a historical perspective of the pre-United Nations initiatives to protect refugees (session 2). After addressing the normative ethics and politics of refugee protection (session 3) it analyses the legal pillar of the asylum regime (sessions 4 and 5). The course then examines the institutional pillar and the main challenges of the asylum regime both at the global (session 7) and regional levels (sessions 8 and 10). Last but not least, the course will review the protection of IDPs (session 12) and of stateless persons (session 13). Throughout the course, case studies will be used so that students can translate into practice the legal instruments, theoretical concepts, and doctrine that they have learned (in particular sessions 5, 6, 9, 11, and 14).

Course objective
This course aims to provide class members with the necessary knowledge and tools which will allow them to understand and position themselves critically with regard to a variety of issues related to refugees and other forced migrants.

At the end of the course, students will be equipped with both the historical, political, and legal knowledge necessary to understand the main challenges involving the legal and institutional protection of refugees and forced migrants. They will also have learned how to use the procedural tools which allow to differentiate refugees and other forced migrants from other migrants, e.g. economic and environmental migrants.

Core bibliography1
Betts, A. Forced Migrants and Global Politics. Malden/Oxford, Wiley-Blackwell, 2009.
Crépeau, F. et al. (eds). Forced Migration and Global Processes - a view from forced migration studies. Oxford, Lexington Books, 2005.
Feller, E. et al. (eds). Refugee Protection in International Law - UNHCR's Global Consultations on International Protection, Cambridge, Cambridge University Press, 2003; available at www.refworld.org
Fiddian-Qasmiyeh, E. et al. (eds). The Oxford Handbook of Refugee and Forced Migration Studies. Oxford, Oxford University Press, 2014.
Fischel de Andrade, J.H. & M.P. Contreras. Cases and Materials on Refugees and Forced Migrants. Milano, 2016.
Goodwin-Gill, G. & J. McAdam. 3rd ed., The Refugee in International Law, Oxford. Oxford University Press, 2007.
Hathaway, J.C. The Rights of Refugees in International Law. Cambridge, Cambridge University Press, 2005.
______ & M. Foster. The Law of Refugee Status. 2nd ed., Cambridge, Cambridge University Press, 2014.
UNHCR. A Thematic Compilation of Executive Committee Conclusions. Geneva, UNHCR, 2011.
______. Handbook and Guidelines on Procedures and Criteria for Determining Refugee Status under the 1951 Convention and the 1967 Protocol Relating to the Status of Refugees. Geneva, UNHCR, 2011.
______. Handbook on Protection of Stateless Persons. Geneva, UNHCR, 2014.
______. Procedural Standards for Refugee Status Determination under UNHCR's Mandate. Geneva, UNHCR, 2003.
______. UNHCR Compilation of Case Law on Refugee Protection in International Law. Geneva, UNHCR, 2008.
______. UNHCR Master Glossary of Terms. Geneva, UNHCR, 2006.
______. UNHCR Protection Manual. Geneva, UNHCR, 2014.
Weis, P. The Refugee Convention, 1951 - The Travaux Preparatoires analysed with a commentary by Dr Paul Weis (Cambridge International Documents Series, v. 7). Cambridge, Cambridge University Press, 1995.
Zimmermann, A. (ed.). The 1951 Convention relating to the Status of Refugees and its 1967 Protocol - a commentary. Oxford, Oxford University Press, 2011.

Participation & evaluation
There is no prerequisite to attend this course. Only registered students who attend at least 75% of sessions will receive a final mark.

This course will be evaluated based on the participation of the students in class activities and one (01) exam to be held on 11 May 2016.

Didactics
Students are expected to prepare in advance for each session. They are required to read the compulsory literature and to prepare a short presentation on a reading that will be assigned to them during the first class. All students are strongly encouraged to actively participate during class discussions and activities.

Sessions' schedule
1 16 March · International human rights and refugee protection regimes

I - SINCE WHEN ARE REFUGEES PROTECTED?
2 21 March · A historical account of refugee protection

II - WHY ARE REFUGEES PROTECTED?
3 22 March · The normative ethics and politics of refugee protection

III - WHO IS PROTECTED AS A REFUGEE?
4 23 March · The normative pillar: universal and regional instruments on refugee definitions
5 31 March · (cont.) + Case study: asylum-seeker's interview (video) + establishment of groups
6 1 April · Case study: hearing (cross-examination)

IV - HOW IS THE PROTECTION OF REFUGEES STRUCTURED?
7 4 April · The institutional pillar: UNHCR's mandate and activities
8 5 April · The protection of refugees in Europe
9 6 April · Case studies: eligibility
10 7 April · The protection of refugees in Africa and in Latin America
11 8 April · Case study: hearing (pleading)

V - INTERNALLY DISPLACED PERSONS
12 13 April · IDPs: normative and institutional arrangements + Case studies

VI - STATELESS PERSONS
13 20 April · Stateless persons + Case studies
14 27 April · Case study: hearing (sentence)

Receiving hours & contact
Those students wishing to meet with the professor may do so at the Faculty of Law's Library of International Law every day that there is teaching session. It is advisable that they send an email in advance to jose.fischel@unimi.it to make an appointment.

Students are kindly requested to include their name followed by the subject of the email in the message title; for example: "Alba Pozzi - thesis" or "Paolo Rubera - internship", or "Matteo Artini - 2015/2016 course - doubt regarding exam".

SESSION 1: 16 March 2016
Session's Subjects
· Introduction to the course.
· International human rights and refugee protection regimes.

Compulsory Reading
Slides and Reading Abstracts - Session 1.

Recommended Reading
Betts, A. "The Refugee Regime Complex", 29(1) Refugee Survey Quarterly (2010), pp. 13-37.
Canefe, N. "The Fragmented Nature of the International Refugee Regime and its consequences: a comparative analysis of the application of the 1951 Convention", in J.C. Simeon (ed.), Critical Issues in International Refugee Law: strategies toward interpretative harmony, Cambridge, Cambridge University Press, 2010, pp. 174-210.
Donnelly, J. Universal Human Rights in Theory and Practice. 3rd ed., Ithaca/London, Cornell University Press, 2013, pp. 161-196 [Chapter 11: "International Human Rights Regimes"].
UNHCR. Expert Meeting on Complementarities between International Refugee Law, International Criminal Law and International Human Rights Law: Summary Conclusions, Arusha, 2011.

SESSION 2: 21 March 2016
Session's Subjects
· A historical account of refugee protection.
· Movie: "Guinea: Aid and Abuse" (13'27").

Compulsory Reading
Slides and Reading Abstracts - Session 2.

Recommended Reading
Grahl-Madsen, A. "The European Tradition of Asylum and the Development of Refugee Law", 3(3) Journal of Peace Research (1966), pp. 278-288.
Hathaway, J.C. "The Evolution of Refugee Status in International Law: 1920-1950", 33(2) International and Comparative Law Quarterly (1984), pp. 348-380.
Price, M.E. Rethinking Asylum - history, purpose, and limits. Cambridge, Cambridge University Press, 2009, pp. 24-68 [Chapter 1: "Recovering Asylum's Political Roots"].
Sinn, U. "Greek sanctuaries as places of refuge", in N. Marinatos & R. Hägg (eds), Greek Sanctuaries - new approaches, London, Routledge, 1993, pp. 88-109.

SESSION 3: 22 March 2016
Session's Subjects
· The normative ethics and politics of refugee protection.

Compulsory Reading
Slides and Reading Abstracts - Session 3.

Recommended Reading
Cronin, B. Institutions for the Common Good - international protection regimes in international society. Cambridge, Cambridge University Press, 2003, pp. 152-184 [Chapter 6: "The nation-state and the protection of refugees"].
Gibney, M.J. "Liberal Democratic States and Responsibilities to Refugees", 93(1) American Political Science Review (1999), pp. 169-181.
Haddad, E. "Refugee Protection: a clash of values", 7(3) International Journal of Human Rights (2003), pp. 1-26.
Singer, P. & R. Singer. "The Ethics of Refugee Policy", in M. Gibney (ed.), Open Borders? Closed Societies?: the ethical and political issues, Westport, Greenwood, 1988, pp. 111-130.

SESSION 4: 23 March 2016
Session's Subjects
· The normative pillar: universal and regional instruments on refugee definitions.
o 1950 UNHCR Statute, 1951 Convention's art. 1 A (2), 1969 OAU Convention, 1984 Cartagena Declaration [inclusion clauses].

Compulsory Reading
Slides and Reading Abstracts - Session 4.
UNHCR. Handbook and Guidelines on Procedures and Criteria for Determining Refugee Status under the 1951 Convention and the 1967 Protocol Relating to the Status of Refugees, Geneva, 2011, pp. 5-42.
_______. Interpreting Article 1 of the 1951 Convention Relating to the Status of Refugees, Geneva, 2001.

Recommended Reading
Ibhawoh, B. "Defining Persecution and Protection: the cultural relativism debate and the rights of refugees", in N. Steiner et al. (eds), Problems of Protection - the UNHCR, refugees, and human rights, New York, Routledge, 2003, pp. 61-75.
Jackson, I.C. "The 1951 Convention relating to the Status of Refugees: a universal basis for protection", 3(3) International Journal of Refugee Law (1991), pp. 403-413.

SESSION 5: 31 March 2016
Session's Subjects
· The normative pillar: universal and regional instruments on refugee definitions.
o 1950 UNHCR Statute, 1951 Convention's art. 1 C [cessation clauses] and art. 1 D, E, F [exclusion clauses].
· Case study: asylum-seeker's interview (video), establishment of groups.

Compulsory Reading
Slides and Reading Abstracts - Session 5.
UNHCR. Handbook and Guidelines on Procedures and Criteria for Determining Refugee Status under the 1951 Convention and the 1967 Protocol Relating to the Status of Refugees, Geneva, 2011, pp. 97-104 104 [Guidelines on International Protection No. 3: Cessation of Refugee Status under Article 1C(5) and (6) of the 1951 Convention relating to the Status of Refugees (the "Ceased Circumstances" clauses)] and pp. 115-122 [Guidelines on International Protection No. 5: Application of Exclusion Clauses: Article 1F of the 1951 Convention relating to the Status of Refugees].
______. Article 1F, Framework for Exclusion Analysis.

Recommended Reading
Fitzpatrick, J. & Bonoan, R. "Cessation of Refugee Status", in E. Feller et al. (eds), Refugee Protection in International Law - UNHCR's Global Consultations on International Protection, Cambridge, Cambridge University Press, 2003, pp. 491-544; available at www.refworld.org.
Harvey, C. "Exclusion from Refugee Status and the Interpretation of 'Political Crimes'", 47 Northern Ireland Legal Quarterly (1996), pp. 314-321.

SESSION 6: 1 April 2016
Session's Subjects
· Case study: hearing (cross-examination).

SESSION 7: 4 April 2016
Session's Subjects
· The institutional pillar: UNHCR's mandate and activities.
o Mandate: evolutionary perspective.
o Advocacy and urban settings.
o Mass influx situations and rural settings.

Compulsory Reading
Slides and Reading Abstracts - Session 7.
UNHCR. HQs Organigramme; available at http://www.unhcr.org/4bffd0dc9.html

Recommended Reading
Harrell-Bond, B. "The experience of refugees as recipients of aid", in A. Ager (ed.), Refugees: perspectives on the experience of forced migration, London, Pinter, 1999, pp. 136-168.
Lewis, C. UNHCR and International Refugee Law: from treaties to innovation, Routledge, London, 2012, pp. 50-77 [Chapter 3: "Flexibility in UNHCR's international law role"].
UNHCR. Procedural Standards for Refugee Status Determination Under UNHCR's Mandate, Geneva, 2003.
UNHCR. UNHCR Policy on Alternatives to Camps, 22 July 2014.

SESSION 8: 5 April 2016
Session's Subjects
· The protection of refugees in Europe.

Compulsory Reading
Slides and Reading Abstracts - Session 8.

Recommended Reading
Bank, R. "Forced Migration in Europe", in E. Fiddian-Qasmiyeh et al. (eds), The Oxford Handbook of Refugee and Forced Migration Studies, Oxford, Oxford University Press, 2014, pp. 690-702.
El-Enany, N. & Thielemann, E.R. "The Impact of the EU on National Asylum Policies", in S. Wolff et al. (eds), in The Area of Freedom, Security and Justice: myth or reality? Taking stock of the Lisbon Treaty and the Stockholm Programme, The Hague, Asser, 2011, pp. 97-116.
Guild, E. "The European Geography of Refugee Protection: exclusions, limitations and exceptions from the 1967 Protocol to the present", 4 European Human Rights Law Review (2012), pp. 413-426.
Hathaway, J.C. "Harmonizing for Whom? The Devaluation of Refugee Protection in the Era of European Economic Integration", 26(3) Cornell International Law Journal (1993), pp. 719-735.

SESSION 9: 6 April 2016
Session's Subjects
· Case Studies: eligibility.

SESSION 10: 7 April 2016
Session's Subjects
· The protection of refugees in Africa and Latin America.

Compulsory Reading
Slides and Reading Abstracts - Session 10.

Recommended Reading
Arboleda, E. "Refugee Definition in Africa and Latin America: the lessons of pragmatism", 3(2) International Journal of Refugee Law (1991), pp. 185-207.
Fischel de Andrade, J.H. "Forced Migration in South America", in E. Fiddian-Qasmiyeh et al. (eds), The Oxford Handbook of Refugee and Forced Migration Studies, Oxford, Oxford University Press, 2014, pp. 677-689.
Rankin, M.B. Extending the Limits or Narrowing the Scope? Deconstructing the OAU Refugee Definition Thirty Years On (New Issues in Refugee Research: Working Paper No. 113). Geneva, UNHCR, 2005, 29p.
Reed-Hurtado, M. The Cartagena Declaration on Refugees and the Protection of People Fleeing Armed Conflict and Other Situations of Violence in Latin America (PPLA/2013/03). Geneva, UNHCR, 2013, 33p.

SESSION 11: 8 April 2016
Session's Subjects
· Case study: hearing (pleading).

SESSION 12: 13 April 2016
Session's Subjects
· IDPs: normative and institutional arrangements.
o Case studies.

Compulsory Reading
Slides and Reading Abstracts - Session 12.
Global Protection Cluster (GPC). Handbook for the Protection of Internally Displaced Persons, Geneva, GPC, 2010, pp. 7-17 [Part I.1: "Key concepts and approaches"] and pp. 18-41 [Part I.2: "The legal framework"].

Recommended Reading
Fischel de Andrade, J.H. & N. Delaney. "Minority Return to South-Eastern Bosnia and Herzegovina: a review of the 2000 return season", 14(3) Journal of Refugee Studies (2001), pp. 315-330.
Mooney, E.D. "Something Old, Something New, Something Borrowed... Something Blue? The protection potential of a marriage of concepts between R2P and IDP protection", 2 Global Responsibility to Protect (2010), pp. 60-85.
Orchard, P. "Implementing a Global Internally Displaced Persons Protection Regime", in A. Betts & P. Orchard (eds), Implementation & World Politics - how international norms change practice, Oxford, Oxford University Press, 2014, pp. 105-123.

SESSION 13: 20 April 2016
Session's Subjects
· Stateless persons: identification, prevention, reduction, and protection.
o Case studies.

Compulsory Reading
Slides and Reading Abstracts - Session 13.
UNHCR. Handbook on Protection of Stateless Persons. Geneva, UNHCR, 2014, pp. 3-59 [Introduction and Parts 1-3].

Recommended Reading
Darling, K. "Protection of Stateless Persons in International Asylum and Refugee Law", 21(4) International Journal of Refugee Law (2009), pp. 742-767.
UNHCR & IPU. Nationality and Statelessness (Handbook for Parliamentarians No. 22), Geneva, 2014.
Vlieks, C. Strategic Litigation: An Obligation for Statelessness Determination under the European Convention on Human Rights? (Discussion Paper 09/14). London, European Network on Statelessness, 2014, 27p.

SESSION 14: 27 April 2016
Session's Subjects
· Case study: hearing (sentence).
Periodo
Secondo semestre
Periodo
Secondo semestre
Modalità di valutazione
Esame
Giudizio di valutazione
voto verbalizzato in trentesimi