The course aims at providing students with appropriate knowledge regarding both: (i) the general principles and substantive rules governing individual criminal responsibility for crimes under international law- as war crimes, crimes against humanity, genocide and aggression, and (ii) the pertinent procedural norms and the case law of international criminal tribunals, such as the International Criminal Court.
Students will learn about the origins of International Criminal Law (ICL), which can be traced to the Nuremberg and Tokyo trials held after World War II, and the more recent developments of ICL, following the establishment of the two ad hoc Tribunals (for the former Yugoslavia and for Rwanda), the International Criminal Court (ICC) and a number of other internationalized or hybrid tribunals over the past 20 years. We will analyze the first "codification" of substantive principles of ICL contained in the Rome Statute of 1998. The course will also deal with the enforcement mechanisms of ICL; to this end, we will focus both on the jurisdiction and practice of the various international criminal tribunals and on national legal systems in ensuring accountability for international crimes.
Prerequisiti e modalità di esame
The exam is composed by a written/intermediate test (facultative) and a final oral exam (both in English).
Requirements Very good knowledge of the English language is a must as all the materials, the lectures and the discussions will be held in English. Previous knowledge of international and of criminal law is an asset (although not a formal requirement).Students are expected to actively participate in the course; regular attendance is required in order to be admitted to the final exam.
he lectures will be interdisciplinary (international and criminal law perspectives) and, whenever possible, experts will be invited to deliver ad hoc lectures on specific topics. Students will be involved as much as possible in the discussions in the class, and are expected to present orally a case which will be assigned to them during the course.