The purpose of this course is to examine legal safeguards which grant human rights' effectiveness in view of sustainable development. The right of fair trial (with its main guarantees: moving from the right to a judge and the right to obtain the execution of judgments) constitutes the basis for any investigation on the protection and implementation of fundamental rights.
Part I. An overview of national and regional systems for human rights protection 1. Structure, jurisdiction and purpose. 2. Models of integration, cooperation and coordination of different levels of protection.
Part II. The challenge of human rights effectiveness 'in uphill': the right to a fair trial 1. Instrumental rights v substantive rights. 2. The right to a fair trial as a key to protect the rights to life, health, environment and housing. 3. Comparison between the national and supranational case law concerning the right to a fair trial as the main instrumental right.
Part III. The challenge of human rights effectiveness 'in downhill': structure and strategies for the implementation of supranational and national human rights decisions 1. The role of Parliaments in the implementation of the decisions of the Courts. 2. The role of the supranational Courts and the national judges. 3. The role of other national institutions on human rights.
During the course it could be organized a simulation of a trial before a Court.
There are no formal requirements to attend this course, however students will be expected to have an understanding of the main aspect of constitutional and international law.
Prerequisiti e modalità di esame
Written exam. Students will be required to attend at least 75% of classes to be able to sit the exam.