The course aims at providing the students with a good knowledge of: (i) the general principles and substantive rules regarding individual criminal responsibility for crimes under international law- namely war crimes, crimes against humanity, genocide and aggression, and (ii) their enforcement mechanisms both at the national and at the international criminal level, in particular through the proceedings before the International Criminal Court.
Students will learn about the origins of International Criminal Law (ICL), which can be traced to the Nuremberg and Tokyo trials held after World War II, and the most recent developments of ICL, following the establishment of the two ad hoc Tribunals for the former Yugoslavia and for Rwanda (ICTY and ICTR), the International Criminal Court (ICC) and a number of other internationalized or hybrid tribunals over the past 20 years. We will analyze the first "codification" of substantive principles of ICL contained in the Rome Statute of the International Criminal Court, which entered into force in 2002. The course will also deal with the enforcement mechanisms of ICL; to this end, we will focus both on the procedure and the case law of the International Criminal Court and we will refer to the role of the national legal systems in ensuring accountability for international crimes.
According to didatic regulation of the Course of Law. Very good knowledge of the English language is required as all the materials, the lectures and the discussions will be held in English. Previous knowledge of international and of criminal law is an asset. Students are expected to regularly and actively participate in the lectures; regular attendance is required in order to be admitted to the final exam.
Prerequisiti e modalità di esame
The exam is composed by a written/intermediate test (facultative but encouraged) and a mandatory final oral exam (both in English).
Materiale didattico e bibliografia
The lectures will be held by the teacher and also, whenever possible, by experts/practitioners who will be invited during the course to talk on specific topics. The students will be involved as much as possible in the discussions in the class and will be tasked with short presentations on cases which will be assigned to them during the course to be prepared in small groups. All materials will be uploaded for the students on the Ariel website: there is no handbook to study in order to prepare the exam.