The Sociology course objective is primarily to explore the basic sociological concepts in the understanding of modern societies and their cultural and economic development, with a particular emphasis on developing countries. The workshop on Social mobility and social inequality will examine the theoretical approaches of the social sciences to inequalities.
1. Articulating orally and in writing an original and critical stance on the different social theories concerning the functioning of social groups and individual behavior. 2. Understanding and evaluating critically the core sociological and socio-legal concepts which are relevant to sustainable development. 3. Comprehending the methodology of formulating hypotheses and verifying testable propositions in the social sciences.
The first part of the course will deal with the most influential theories of power, status, social stratification, justice, development and bureaucracy, with references to the latest empirical research and the support of selected readings of the classics of sociology and social sciences. With the theoretical foundations and concepts of sociology, we will review the methods of social research, to understand the capabilities and limitations of field research. In the second part, the course will explore the social foundations of development, underdevelopment and inequality, with its dynamics of social change, both inter-state and inter-individual. In the third part, the course will analyze the reciprocal interactions between society and the legal system, that is, how the law affects and is affected by the most important social processes. We will address in particular the issues of law as a social institution, the perception and the sense of justice, the management and resolution of conflicts, and the processes of globalization and migration.
Assessment: 1. Course attendance and class discussion of reading assignments: 30% 2. A mid-term test with open-ended questions (October/November): 30% 3. A final-term research paper (January): 40%
WORKSHOP assessment: short group presentation in class (min. 3, max. 5 people for each group). According to one theory studied in class, the group will present a concrete application/critique starting from a specific case study. Time for each presentation: 5-7 minutes.
· Introduction: sustainability and society (week 1) · Sociological concepts (week 2) · Groups, classes and inequality (week 3) · Organizations and bureaucracies (week 4) · Law and Development (week 5) · Conflict and violence (week 6) · Law and social control - Deviance (week 7) · Behavior and emotion (week 8) · Behavior and emotion (week 9) · Legal pluralism and globalization (week 10) · Social Sustainability - Research methods in the social sciences (week 11)
Materiale didattico e bibliografia
· Martinelli, Sociology in Political Practice and Public Discourse (week 2) · Crozier, The Bureaucratic Phenomenon (week 4) · van Schaik & Burkart, The evolution of human normativity (week 8) · Tamanaha, Understanding Legal Pluralism: Past to Present, Local to Global (week 10)
Workshop on "Social mobility and social inequality"
1) What inequality is? Theories and grounded reflections (week 1- 26/9) 2) Forms of capital and approaches to inequality starting from Bourdieu's reflections (week 2 - Oct. 3) 3) Macro-inequalities: theories of economic dependency and world system theories (week 3 - Oct. 10) 4) Subaltern studies and post-colonial theories (week 4 - Oct. 17) 5) Counterhegemonic approaches to justice and epistemology of the South (week 5 - Oct. 24) 6) Mid-term examination ( Week 6 Oct. 31) 7) Gender inequality (week 7, Nov 5) 8) Social mobility and empowerment ( (week 8, Nov. 14) 9) Starting from experience: case studies from the class (week 9 Nov. 21) 10) Starting from experience: case studies from the class (week 10, Nov. 28) 11) Starting from experience: case studies from the class (week 11, Dec. 5)
Materiale didattico e bibliografia
· Said, Edward, Orientalism, chapt. 1, pp. 33-110, New York, Pantheon, 1978 (week 3) · De Sousa Santos, Boaventura, Epistemologies of the South, chapt. 4-5, Routledge, 2016 (week 5) · Pierre Bourdieu, Loic Wacquant, Toward a reflexive sociology, chapt. 2, § 3-4-5, The University of Chicago, 1992 . (week 7)