The course aims at: · giving a knowledge and understanding of the role played by international organizations in sustainable development; · conveying the instruments by which knowledge and understanding could be applied to practical (real or moot) cases; · conveying the instruments by which judgments can be made and an autonomous opinion on the relevance of IOs for sustainable development can be developed; · improving communication, in terms of teaching how to use technical language and terms; · giving lifelong learning skills in terms of general comprehension of the interaction between IOs and sustainable development.
Part 1. IOs and International Law: the creation of IOs; IOs as actors of IL (difference between IOs and NGOs; aims and competences; Ultra vires act of IOs); organs of IOs; IOs as lawmakers (contribution to the development of customary IL; treaties; IOs autonomous normative power: nature of 2nd degree sources; possible democratic deficit of IOs?); IOs role in dispute resolution; enforcement of law by IOs: sanctions; responsibility of IOs; relations between IOs and states (Immunity of IOs; Protection by IOs of their assets and organs).
Part 2. IOs and sustainable development: UN (including UNDP); World Bank; WHO (including public-private health partnerships); UNESCO; environmental Law - nuclear weapons; OECD; Sustainable development beyond IOs: the role of national and regional institutions; NGOs.
Informazioni sul programma
The course aims at exploring in a legal perspective the role played by international organizations in sustainable development. The first half of the course will deal with the law of international organizations in general, expanding on aspects that are not covered in depth in the International Law class and stressing in particular the ever-increasing role of the international organizations in the international law arena. The second half of the course, building on the general theory taught in the first part of the course, will deal with a number of international organizations active in fields that are of utmost importance for sustainable development (e.g. health, environment, food, cultural heritage).
Prerequisiti e modalità di esame
Oral exam during finals period. Students will be required to attend at least 75% of classes to be able to sit the exam
Classes will include an institutional part and a practical part. The latter will be focused on specific issues through the analysis of case-law and the study of moot cases. Active participation by students is highly encouraged and will be taken into account in final evaluations.
Materiale didattico e bibliografia
- Klabbers, Advanced introduction to the law of international organizations, Edgar Elgar Publishing, 2015 - Alvarez, International organizations as law-makers, Oxford University Press, 2015
Cases and materials will be distributed during the course and are to be read in advance of each class.