The main goal of the course is to supply the students with knowledge about the strategies and tools used in breeding programs, combining quantitative genetics and biotechnology to identify the genomic regions containing genes of interest and, subsequently, to conceive appropriate crosses and selection strategies
· How to study agronomically important traits. From simple Mendelian traits (e.g. disease resistance) to quantitative traits. · Variance and heritability of a phenotypic trait. Relevance of heritability in breeding programs. · Genetic molecular markers and linkage map constructions as breeding tools. · Identification of gene associated with traits of agronomical value through various approaches: candidate gene, Genome-Wide Association Studies (GWAS), Marker Assisted Selection (or Breeding, MAS or MAB), genomic selection, etc. · Experimental design strategies used in breeding programs for the improvement and selection of plant and animal species; examples in grass and tree species. · Relevance, analysis and exploitation of the genetic variability available in germplasm collection and repositories.
Prerequisiti e modalità di esame
Basic knowledge of genetics and statistics. The oral exam consists in a discussion on topics presented during the course
Traditional lectures with powerpoint presentations, available to the students after the lecture
Materiale didattico e bibliografia
Scientific papers indicated at the beginning and during the course