The course aims at providing the fundamental analytical tools for the study of social protection systems in a comparative perspective.
It analyses welfare state development, since the origins in the XIX century until the recent phase of crisis and reform, by focusing on its exogenous and endogenous determinants.
Particular attention is paid to how the interaction between institutional arrangements ("structures") with political and social actors ("agency") contributes shaping social policies in multilevel - European, national, sub-national - and multi-stakeholder arenas.
Unit 1 The first unit provides: a) the fundamental analytical tools for the study of social protection systems in a comparative perspective b) an analysis of developmental factors and dynamics c) a presentation of the different welfare/welfare state models and regimes
The welfare state in historical and comparative perspective: - From public assistance to national social protection - The Golden Age of welfare expansion - The 3 welfare regime types ..and beyond - Theories of the welfare state
Unit 2 Welfare state crisis and reforms: - The "first" crisis (1970s-1980s) and national responses - The crisis: exogenous and endogenous determinants - The recalibration of the welfare state - The limits of recalibration and current challenges - The welfare state: a global perspective
Unit 3 aims at providing an in-depth study of a single welfare sector: pension policy A comparative perspective will be adopted in order to analyze: a) the expansion of old age protection programs in the 20thcentury b) pension reforms in 1985-2015, with particular attention to - the dynamics and the modes of institutional change - the politics of pension reform and theoretical implications c) pension reforms in the Great Recession phase, 2009-15 d) the "New Pension Orthodoxy", what prospects for pension multi-pillarization?
Pensions and old age protection - The tool box - Different paths to old age protection in the XX century - Pension crisis and reforms: policy and institutional change - The politics of pension reforms - Theorizing pension reforms - Flexicurity and old-age protection
Prerequisiti e modalità di esame
Units 1-2: students have to pass a sit-down written exam comprising both multiple-choice and "open" questions. Unit 3: assessment rules will be indicated at the beginning of the course
Materiale didattico e bibliografia
A list of required readings for the Units 1-2-3 will be circulated at the beginning of the course.