Theories of justice and human rights

A.A. 2021/2022
6
Crediti massimi
40
Ore totali
SSD
IUS/20
Lingua
Inglese
Obiettivi formativi
L'insegnamento introdurrà gli studenti al dibattito filosofico contemporaneo sulla giustizia, con particolare riferimento a questioni di giustizia sociale e globale. Saranno discusse questioni generali relative alla validità delle nostre opinioni sulla giustizia, allo status delle teorie della giustizia e al rapporto tra giustizia ed eguaglianza, e problemi di giustizia specifici relativi alla divisione sociale del lavoro e della ricchezza, al valore della libertà individuale e alla sua limitazione, alla gestione pubblica dei disaccordi in materia di morale e felicità e, infine, alla tutela dei diritti umani e alla lotta alla povertà globale.
Risultati apprendimento attesi
Al termine dell'insegnamento gli studenti dovranno avere acquisito:
- conoscenza e comprensione delle più importanti concezioni filosofiche della giustizia e delle loro implicazioni per la legislazione e le politiche pubbliche;
- la capacità di applicare le conoscenze acquisite al fine di formulare e di difendere in un dibattito pubblico una propria posizione normativa su specifici problemi di giustizia.
Programma e organizzazione didattica

Edizione unica

Responsabile
Periodo
Secondo trimestre
More specific information on the delivery modes of training activities for the academic year 2021/2022 will be provided over the coming months, based on the evolution of the public health situation.
Programma
Part one will address the following topics:

- Human rights from a theoretical perspective
- The general concept of rights
- A typology of rights in general
- Human rights as fundamental rights
- A taxonomy of human rights
- The implementation of human rights within a single polity
- From fundamental rights to constitutional rights
- The implementation of human rights beyond borders
- The challenges to human rights' universalism

Part two will address the following topics:

- The ethical status of human rights
- Equality, fairness and solidarity as the bases of human rights
- The point of human rights: security, welfare and freedom
- Human rights and human dignity
- The capability approach to human rights
- A defense of human rights' universalism
- Human rights, social justice and global justice
- Human rights and transnational responsibility
- World poverty and human rights
Prerequisiti
No preliminary knowledge is required.
Metodi didattici
The teaching activities will include lectures and class discussion.
Additional seminars for attending students may also be organized. Attendance to those seminars won't be mandatory.
For the final exam, non-attending students should study the texts listed in the Bibliography.
Materiale di riferimento
The reading list will be provided before the beginning of the course.
Modalità di verifica dell’apprendimento e criteri di valutazione
Assessment methods and criteria will be different for attending and non-attending students.
In order to be considered attending student, attendance of 1/2 of the lessons is required. Attending students will have one year to pass the final exam. Students that have a rate of attendance that qualifies them as attending students can nonetheless decide to take the exam as non-attending students at any time.
For attending students, the final assessment will be based on attendance, participation and the final exam. In order to pass the exam students should reach sufficiency (18/30) on each dimension. The three dimensions will be weighted as follows: attendance 20%, participation 20%; final exam 60%. For information about the criteria that will be used to assess attendance and participation consult the Ariel website of the course.
For non-attending students, the final assessment will be based only on the final exam.
The final exam will consist in a written test and in an oral test, both mandatory.
The written test will be structured in six open-ended questions on the lessons (for attending students) and the assigned readings (for both attending and non-attending students; see Bibliography). Each answer will be given a mark from 6 to 30 (missing and completely wrong answers will get a 6) and the final mark will result from the arithmetic average of all marks. Students will have two hours to complete the written test.
The oral test could change the result of the written test of a maximum of two marks, for better or for worse.
Attending students can chose to substitute the oral test with a paper of about 3000 words on one of the topics of the course, that should be submitted by the day of the written test.
Additional seminars for attending students may be organized as part of the teaching activities. In that case, for students attending the seminars the oral test won't be mandatory. In any case, either the oral test or the paper will be required to receive honors.
IUS/20 - FILOSOFIA DEL DIRITTO - CFU: 6
Lezioni: 40 ore
Docente: Riva Nicola
Docente/i
Ricevimento:
Il docente riceve gli studenti il martedì pomeriggio, telematicamente o in presenza, solo su appuntamento. Per fissare un appuntamento scrivere un email al docente.