Differences, inequalities and the politics of law

A.A. 2022/2023
6
Crediti massimi
40
Ore totali
SSD
IUS/20
Lingua
Inglese
Obiettivi formativi
The course aims at introducing students to philosophical debates on social justice with a focus on three topics: economic inequality, gender oppression and the discipline of sexuality. Special attention will be paid to the analysis of relevant concepts and to the discussion of the potentials and limits of legal reform in promoting social change.
Risultati apprendimento attesi
At the end of the course students should have acquired:
- knowledge of the main positions in current philosophical debates on economic inequality, including a better understanding of the concepts and different interpretations of equality of opportunity, meritocracy, distributive justice, and structural injustices;
- knowledge of the main positions in current philosophical debates on gender oppression and the discipline of sexuality, including a better understanding of the concepts of sex, gender, gender identity, and of their relations;
- capability to apply acquired knowledge and understanding to the discussion of solutions to problems of economic inequality, gender oppression, and discipline of sexuality, with special attention to proposals for legal reform.
In order to exercise their learning, critical and communication skills, students will be required to read texts, to discuss them and to express and defend personal opinions.
Programma e organizzazione didattica

Edizione unica

Responsabile
Periodo
Secondo trimestre

Programma
The course will be divided in two parts.

Part 1 will address the following topics:

- objections to economic inequality
- objections to economic regulation
- competitive equality of opportunity
- equal opportunity and family biases
- meritocracy and affirmative action
- equality of opportunity and structural injustices
- assessing economic inequality
- basic capital and basic income
- cooperatives and workplace democracy
- property-owning democracy

Part 2 will address the following topics:

- sex, gender and gender identity
- gender minorities and gender oppression
- gender, sexuality and sexual desires
- regulating prostitution
- gender self-determination and the ideal of a gender-free society
- approaches to gender: blindness, sensitivity, neutrality
- the discipline of sexuality and sexual liberation
- monogamy vs polyamory
- extending vs abolishing marriage
- the proposal of minimal marriage
Prerequisiti
No preliminary knowledge is required.
Metodi didattici
For attending students, learning will be promoted through lectures, discussion, and individual reading of assigned material. Non-attending student should prepare for the exam through the individual reading of assigned material.
Attending students will be required to write two position papers (1500/2000 words long) defending their personal position on two of the topics addressed by the course. Non-attending students will be required to write two review essays (3000/4000 words long) on the assigned readings.
Materiale di riferimento
For Part 1 students will be required to read chapters or short excerpts from the following texts:

- B. Ackerman, A. Alstott, P. Van Parijs, Redesigning Distribution, Verso, 2006.
- J.S. Mill, Principles of Political Economy, 7th edn, Longmans, 1871.
- J. Rawls, A Theory of Justice, Harvard University Press, 1971.
- J. Rawls, Justice as Fairness: A Restatement, Harvard University Press, 2001.
- M. Sandel, The Tyranny of Merit, Farrar, Straus and Giroux, 2020.
- T.M. Scanlon, Why Does Inequality Matter?, Oxford University Press, 2018.
- I.M. Young, Justice and the Politics of Difference, Princeton University Press, 1990.

For Part 2 students will be required to read chapters or short excerpts from the following texts:

- S. Haslanger, Resisting Reality, Oxford University Press, 2012.
- A. Fausto-Sterling, Sexing the Body, Basic Books, 2000.
- M. Foucault, The History of Sexuality, vol. 1, Pantheon Books, 1978.
- H. Marcuse, Eros and Civilization, Beacon Press, 1955.
- A. Srinivasan, The Right to Sex, Farrar, Straus and Giroux, 2021.
- M. Warner, The Trouble with Normal, The Free Press, 1999.
- I.M. Young, Justice and the Politics of Difference, Princeton University Press, 1990.

The full reading list with the indications of the chapters and excerpts to read will be provided by the beginning of the course. If possible, the texts will be made available through the Ariel website of the course.
Modalità di verifica dell’apprendimento e criteri di valutazione
Assessment methods and criteria will be different for attending and non-attending students.
In order to be considered attending student, attendance of 3/5 of classes (12 on 20) is required. Attendance will be assessed, but students can miss up to two lessons without penalties.
For attending students, a provisional final assessment will be based on attendance, participation, two position papers, and a final written exam. Students not satisfied with the provisional assessment will have the opportunity to take a final colloquium to try to improve it.
For non-attending students, the final assessment will be based on two review essays on the assigned readings, a written exam, and a final colloquium. Non-attending students should contact the professor by email to be assigned the readings for the review essay.
For further information about assessment methods and criteria, and instructions to write the position papers (attending students) and the review essays (non-attending students), consult the document uploaded on the Ariel website of the course.
IUS/20 - FILOSOFIA DEL DIRITTO - CFU: 6
Lezioni: 40 ore
Docente: Riva Nicola
Docente/i
Ricevimento:
Il docente riceve studenti e studentesse su base settimanale, telematicamente o in presenza, su appuntamento. Per fissare un appuntamento scrivere un email al docente.