Aim of the course is to provide the agronomists who intend to work in the field of the international cooperation, with the analysis factors of the agro-feeding systems in the developing countries. Firstly, the present agricultural and livestock productive structures in the different geographic, ecological and climatic areas of the world are described. Secondly, a review of the concepts and principles related to feed security and feed safety are also presented and discussed, liaising with the dynamics of the domestic and international markets. Both the rural and the peri-urban areas are considered in this survey. By a systemic approach some important food chains are analysed, with a particular reference to the use of sustainable productive factors and to the set-up of farm systems for the agricultural and livestock productions. Starting from case studies, a methodology is proposed to plan development projects in crop and animal production, to implement and to monitor them in view of an economic and environmental sustainability. The present issues dealing with the food and environment crises, with the North/South imbalance, and with the tools of the international cooperation, are presented and discussed also with the contribute of some outside experts.
Expected learning outcomes
At the end of the course and when the final examination will be positively passed, the student will have gained knowledge and expertise on the different crop and livestock husbandry systems and technologies in the world, with the critical points and the assets of each system. He/she will have also learnt how to plan, implement and monitor a development project on agriculture and animal production social friendly and economically and environmentally sustainable.
Lesson period: Second semester
(In case of multiple editions, please check the period, as it may vary)
World demographic growth, denutrition and malnutrition, social and economic imbalances, evolution, trends and forecasts in food consumption, particularly food of animal origin, in the Planet. Soil use for crop and animal production in the different areas of the world: extensive, semi-intensive, and intensive systems. Assets and limits of pasture. The need for arable land to produce feeds: consequences of deforestation. Land grabbing in the developing countries (DC). Carbon and water foot-print of the different commodities and foods of animal origin. Food of animal origin in the DC: luxury or right? Animal husbandry for self-consumption and for the market. Assets and limits of the exported technologies from the industrialized countries. Assets and limits of globalization. Food security, food safety and environmental sustainability of the different livestock systems. The role of the international cooperation. The development projects: case studies examples. The importance of the local extension service and of the active and responsible involvement of the counterpart and of the beneficiaries. Dairy and meat production systems and chains in different situations: the pastoral nomadism, the "minor" species farms and the monogastrics (pigs, broilers, laying hens) production units.
Minutes of the lessons.Scientific papers and documents and informative articles and reports are available on ARIEL