International cooperation and crop-livestock systems

A.Y. 2018/2019
6
Max ECTS
56
Overall hours
SSD
AGR/18
Language
English
Learning objectives
Aim of the course is to provide the agronomists who intend to
work in the field of the international cooperation, with the
analysis factors of the agro-feeding systems in the developing
countries. Firstly, the present agricultural and livestock
productive structures in the different geographic, ecological and
climatic areas of the world are described. Secondly, a review of
the concepts and principles related to feed security and feed
safety are also presented and discussed, liaising with the
dynamics of the domestic and international markets. Both the
rural and the peri-urban areas are considered in this survey. By
a systemic approach some important food chains are analysed,
with a particular reference to the use of sustainable productive
factors and to the set-up of farm systems for the agricultural
and livestock productions. Starting from case studies, a
methodology is proposed to plan development projects in crop
and animal production, to implement and to monitor them in
view of an economic and environmental sustainability. The
present issues dealing with the food and environment crises,
with the North/South imbalance, and with the tools of the
international cooperation, are presented and discussed also
with the contribute of some outside experts.
Expected learning outcomes
At the end of the course and when the final examination will be
positively passed, the student will have gained knowledge and
expertise on the different crop and livestock husbandry systems
and technologies in the world, with the critical points and the
assets of each system. He/she will have also learnt how to plan,
implement and monitor a development project on agriculture and
animal production social friendly and economically and
environmentally sustainable.
Course syllabus and organization

Single session

Lesson period
Second semester
Course syllabus
World demographic growth, denutrition and malnutrition, social and economic imbalances, evolution, trends and forecasts in food consumption, particularly food of animal origin, in the Planet. Soil use for crop and animal production in the different areas of the world: extensive, semi-intensive, and intensive systems. Assets and limits of pasture. The need for arable land to produce feeds: consequences of deforestation. Land grabbing in the developing countries (DC). Carbon and water foot-print of the different commodities and foods of animal origin. Food of animal origin in the DC: luxury or right? Animal husbandry for self-consumption and for the market. Assets and limits of the exported technologies from the industrialized countries. Assets and limits of globalization. Food security, food safety and environmental sustainability of the different livestock systems. The role of the international cooperation. The development projects: case studies examples. The importance of the local extension service and of the active and responsible involvement of the counterpart and of the beneficiaries. Dairy and meat production systems and chains in different situations: the pastoral nomadism, the "minor" species farms and the monogastrics (pigs, broilers, laying hens) production units.
Teaching methods
Minutes of the lessons.Scientific papers and documents and informative articles and reports are available on ARIEL
AGR/18 - ANIMAL NUTRITION AND FEEDING - University credits: 6
Field activity: 16 hours
Lessons: 40 hours
Professor(s)
Reception:
On appointment
Dipartimento di Scienze Agrarie e Ambientali, sez. Zootecnia