Clinical interdisciplinary sciences

A.Y. 2019/2020
4
Max ECTS
40
Overall hours
SSD
MED/30 MED/31 MED/32 MED/33
Language
Italian
Learning objectives
- To know pathophysiological aspects and clinical manifestations of hearing and visual apparatus diseases in pediatric age
- To know relevant aspects of locomotor and physical medicine and rehabilitation diseases
Expected learning outcomes
At the end of the course the student must know the pathophysiological aspects and clinical manifestations of hearing and visual apparatus diseases in pediatric age and the relevant aspects of locomotor and physical medicine and rehabilitation diseases.
Course syllabus and organization

Sezione: Bosisio Parini

Responsible
Prerequisites for admission
Knowledge of the anatomy of the eye and of the visual pathways and of the physiology of the vision process, eye movements and ocular (and head) pain.
Knowledge on anatomy and physiology of the hearing system, oral cavity, larynx, pharynx, nose and sinuses.
Assessment methods and Criteria
The exam is written and consists of sections of multiple choice questions referring to the modules of the course.
The module of Audiologia provides for an ongoing test.
The final evaluation expressed in thirtieths.
Malattie dell'apparato visivo
Course syllabus
The correct process of vision: the role of ocular media and their physiopathology: the process of vision, refraction, cornea disorders and cataracts and how they can affect the correct process of vision. Discussion about practical clinical cases.
The red eye: the different inflammatory conditions of the eye, their differential diagnosis, management and treatment. Discussion about clinical cases of anterior uveitis, keratitis, conjunctivitis and acute attack of glaucoma.
Abnormal Eye Movements: the different mechanisms leading to disorders of the eye movements and diplopia. Differential diagnosis criteria and examples of clinical cases.
The visual system in the child: the main steps of the development of the visual system from the eye to the brain. Particular weight will be given to amblyopia, strabismus and to what a pediatrician needs to know about correct development of "the good sight", differential criteria of leucocoria and tumors of the eye and affecting vision.
The blind eye: the more common conditions leading to complete blindness, vascular disorders, e.g. retinal arterial and vein occlusions, diabetic retinopathy, ischemic optic neuropathy, cerebral ischemia involving the visual pathways and neuritis and tumors. The growing importance of the imaging of the eye and specifically of the retina and the optic nerve head compared with the "traditional" examination of eye fundus.
The main chronic eye diseases: diseases relevant from an epidemiological point of view, such as glaucoma, cataracts, age-related macular degeneration, which represent the most important causes of legal blindness in Western Countries. Discussion about new therapeutic paradigms that put a strain on the sustainability of National Health Systems.
Teaching methods
Lectures. All the lectures are supported by PowerPoint presentations.
Teaching Resources
Orzalesi N, Oftalmologia, Delfino Editore
Appunti e slides presentate al corso (Notes and slides shown during the course)
Otorinolaringoiatria
Course syllabus
Pathology of the nose and the sinuses, and presdisposition to otitis media
Pathology of hearing disorders
Rehabilitative surgical techniques for hearing disorders
Diseases of the oral cavity, pharynx and larynx
Teaching methods
Lectures. All the lectures are supported by PowerPoint presentations.
Teaching Resources
Albera - Rossi: Otorinolaringoiatria, Ed. Masson
Audiologia
Course syllabus
Pathophysiology of hearing and equilibrium, and hearing disorders
Pathophysiology of voice and voice disorders
Pathophysiology of speech and speech disorders
Pathophysiology of language and language disorders
Pathophysiology of swallowing and swallowing disorders
Teaching methods
Lectures. All the lectures are supported by PowerPoint presentations.
Teaching Resources
L. Pignataro, A. Cesarani, G. Felisati, A. Schindler. Trattato di Otorinolaringoiatria ed Audiologia. 2012. Ed. EdiSES, Napoli.
Schindler, F. Mozzanica, F. Ottaviani. Malattie dell'orecchio, naso, gola.
In: G.V. Zuccotti (ed): Manuale di Pediatria. La Pratica Clinica. II ed. Società Editrice Esculapio, Bologna. 2016, Pg 999-1026
Malattie dell'apparato locomotore
Course syllabus
Embryology of the musculoskeletal system
Bone structure and its growth
Biomechanics and biochemistry of movement: levers and muscles
Genomics of normal and pathological tendons
The concept of LAD: lever arm disease
Principles of analysis of the kinetics and kinematics of normal and pathological movement
Principles of evaluation of the patient with neuromotor pathology
Diagnostic indications and surgical treatment of deformities
Teaching methods
Lectures. All the lectures are supported by PowerPoint presentations.
Teaching Resources
Cabitza, Principi di ortopedia, Società Editrice Euscolapio, II Ed.2013
Sussman, The diplegic child, Amer Academy of Orthopaedic
Audiologia
MED/32 - AUDIOLOGY - University credits: 1
Lessons: 10 hours
Professor: Schindler Antonio
Malattie dell'apparato locomotore
MED/33 - ORTHOPAEDICS - University credits: 1
Lessons: 10 hours
Malattie dell'apparato visivo
MED/30 - OPHTHALMOLOGY - University credits: 1
Lessons: 10 hours
Otorinolaringoiatria
MED/31 - OTORHINOLARYNGOLOGY - University credits: 1
Lessons: 10 hours

Sezione: Don Gnocchi

Prerequisites for admission
Knowledge of the anatomy of the eye and of the visual pathways and of the physiology of the vision process, eye movements and ocular (and head) pain.
Knowledge on anatomy and physiology of the hearing system, oral cavity, larynx, pharynx, nose and sinuses.
Assessment methods and Criteria
The exam is written and consists of sections of multiple choice questions referring to the modules of the course.
The module of Audiologia provides for an ongoing test.
The final evaluation expressed in thirtieths
Malattie dell'apparato visivo
Course syllabus
The correct process of vision: the role of ocular media and their physiopathology: the process of vision, refraction, cornea disorders and cataracts and how they can affect the correct process of vision. Discussion about practical clinical cases.
The red eye: the different inflammatory conditions of the eye, their differential diagnosis, management and treatment. Discussion about clinical cases of anterior uveitis, keratitis, conjunctivitis and acute attack of glaucoma.
Abnormal Eye Movements: the different mechanisms leading to disorders of the eye movements and diplopia. Differential diagnosis criteria and examples of clinical cases.
The visual system in the child: the main steps of the development of the visual system from the eye to the brain. Particular weight will be given to amblyopia, strabismus and to what a pediatrician needs to know about correct development of "the good sight", differential criteria of leucocoria and tumors of the eye and affecting vision.
The blind eye: the more common conditions leading to complete blindness, vascular disorders, e.g. retinal arterial and vein occlusions, diabetic retinopathy, ischemic optic neuropathy, cerebral ischemia involving the visual pathways and neuritis and tumors. The growing importance of the imaging of the eye and specifically of the retina and the optic nerve head compared with the "traditional" examination of eye fundus.
The main chronic eye diseases: diseases relevant from an epidemiological point of view, such as glaucoma, cataracts, age-related macular degeneration, which represent the most important causes of legal blindness in Western Countries. Discussion about new therapeutic paradigms that put a strain on the sustainability of National Health Systems.
Teaching methods
Lectures. All the lectures are supported by PowerPoint presentations.
Teaching Resources
Orzalesi N, Oftalmologia, Delfino Editore
Appunti e slides presentate al corso (Notes and slides shown during the course)
Otorinolaringoiatria
Course syllabus
Pathology of the nose and the sinuses, and presdisposition to otitis media
Pathology of hearing disorders
Rehabilitative surgical techniques for hearing disorders
Diseases of the oral cavity, pharynx and larynx
Teaching methods
Lectures. All the lectures are supported by PowerPoint presentations.
Teaching Resources
Albera - Rossi: Otorinolaringoiatria, Ed. Masson
Audiologia
Course syllabus
Pathophysiology of hearing and equilibrium, and hearing disorders
Pathophysiology of voice and voice disorders
Pathophysiology of speech and speech disorders
Pathophysiology of language and language disorders
Pathophysiology of swallowing and swallowing disorders
Teaching methods
Lectures. All the lectures are supported by PowerPoint presentations.
Teaching Resources
L. Pignataro, A. Cesarani, G. Felisati, A. Schindler. Trattato di Otorinolaringoiatria ed Audiologia. 2012. Ed. EdiSES, Napoli.
Schindler, F. Mozzanica, F. Ottaviani. Malattie dell'orecchio, naso, gola.
In: G.V. Zuccotti (ed): Manuale di Pediatria. La Pratica Clinica. II ed. Società Editrice Esculapio, Bologna. 2016, Pg 999-1026
Malattie dell'apparato locomotore
Course syllabus
Embryology of the musculoskeletal system
Bone structure and its growth
Biomechanics and biochemistry of movement: levers and muscles
Genomics of normal and pathological tendons
The concept of LAD: lever arm disease
Principles of analysis of the kinetics and kinematics of normal and pathological movement
Principles of evaluation of the patient with neuromotor pathology
Diagnostic indications and surgical treatment of deformities
Teaching methods
Lectures. All the lectures are supported by PowerPoint presentations.
Teaching Resources
Cabitza, Principi di ortopedia, Società Editrice Euscolapio, II Ed.2013
Sussman, The diplegic child, Amer Academy of Orthopaedic
Audiologia
MED/32 - AUDIOLOGY - University credits: 1
Lessons: 10 hours
Professor: Schindler Antonio
Malattie dell'apparato locomotore
MED/33 - ORTHOPAEDICS - University credits: 1
Lessons: 10 hours
Malattie dell'apparato visivo
MED/30 - OPHTHALMOLOGY - University credits: 1
Lessons: 10 hours
Otorinolaringoiatria
MED/31 - OTORHINOLARYNGOLOGY - University credits: 1
Lessons: 10 hours