The course aims to provide students with: i) the ability to correctly propose the various diagnostic procedures by image, even with radionuclides; ii) the ability to evaluate the cost / benefit ratios in the choice of diagnostic procedures; iii) knowledge of the correct therapeutic applications of interventional radiology and of nuclear medicine; iv) the knowledge of radiobiological principles of ionizing radiation as well as the clinical indications of radiation therapy in oncology; v) knowledge of the principles of radio protection.
Expected learning outcomes
Students: i) must interpret the diagnostic imaging reports; ii) are able to propose the correct diagnostic and therapeutic procedures; iii) are able to understand the biological effects of ionizing radiation and how applying them to the treatment of the more frequent neoplastic diseases.
Lesson period: Second semester
(In case of multiple editions, please check the period, as it may vary)
Nuclear Medicine Principles of radiation physics, Nuclear Medicine equipment, radiopharmaceuticals. Applications of conventional Nuclear Medicine (endocrine pathologies, musculoskeletal system, infectious pathology, study of renal function); Nuclear cardiology; PET in oncology; applications in neurology Nuclear medicine therapy techniques
Radiotherapy Radiotherapy: History and technological developments Principles of Radiobiology Principles of Radiotherapy: External beam Radiotherapy, Intraoperative Radiotherapy, Intensity Modulated Radiotherapy, Brachytherapy, Hadrotherapy, Image Guided Radiotherapy. Radical and palliative Radiotherapy, interaction with other treatment modalities (e.g. Pre-operative and Post-operative Radiotherapy, in combination with Chemotherapy/Hormonetherapy etc) Radiotherapy side effects: classification, prevention, treatment Management of Prostate, Breast and Head-Neck cancers with Radiotherapy
Radiology Principles of ionizing radiation and radiation protection Diagnostic imaging of the chest Diagnostic imaging of the liver Diagnostic imaging of the pancreas and biliary tract Diagnostic imaging of the urinary system Diagnostic imaging of the cardio-vascular system Diagnostic imaging of the genital system Vascular, oncological and extravascular interventional radiology.
Prerequisites for admission
Physics examination Anatomy examination General pathology examination
The teacher uses frontal lectures on the different items described in the outline. At the end of each frontal lesson some time is dedicated to questions by the students to promote a better knowledge of difficult aspects of the lesson.
Cittadini. Diagnostica per immagini e radioterapia Giorgio Cittadini, Giuseppe Cittadini Editore: Edra
Assessment methods and Criteria
Oral examination on the items described during classes