Industrial chemistry

A.Y. 2019/2020
Overall hours
Learning objectives
Main objective is to give a wide scenario on the most important processes of the worldwide industrial chemistry, covering both inorganic and organic industrial chemistry. There is also a small part of the economy to introduce students to the key concepts related to the cost of a product and the costs of managing a chemical plant.
Expected learning outcomes
Students will become familiar with the basic processes of organic and inorganic industrial chemistry. They will gain also a bacis knowledge of economics and management of a plant.
Course syllabus and organization

Single session

Course syllabus
Definition of chemical process and reading of a flow sheet (examples of real flowsheets).
Notes on unit operations (later taken up in the courses of plants)
Industrial synthesis of ammonia from syngas
Synthesis of nitric acid
Synthesis of sulfuric acid
Industrial synthesis of sodium carbonate via ammonia
Industrial chemistry of phosphorus and synthesis of orthophosphoric acid
Soda / chlorine production plant: mercury and diaphragm cells. Comparison between chemical and electrochemical synthesis.
Aluminum production: comparison between Bayer process and Hall-Héroult process
Hydrogen chemistry
Technologies for the control of air emissions
The ceramic industry: raw materials and kiln management
Elements of business economics
Raw materials and energy sources.
Introduction to industrial chemistry: importance of raw materials and energy sources; conversion definition; statistical data on the relevance of the chemical industry in Italy and worldwide; classification of the main sectors of industrial chemistry; definition of building block; main products of industrial chemistry.
Oil: origin, composition, refining
Coal and natural gas; shale oil and its extraction
Overview of the main series of building blocks (C1-C6)
Series C1: synthesis gas and methanol
Fischer Tropsch trial
Synthesis of C2 -C4 olefins: ethylene, propylene, butenes and butadiene
Synthesis of vinyl chloride
Synthesis of maleic anhydride and terephthalic acid.
Prerequisites for admission
Basic knowledge of organic and inorganic chemistry.
Teaching methods
Frontal lessons in the classroom
Teaching Resources
- E. Stocchi, Chimica Industriale Inorganica, Vol. 1, Edisco ed.
- K. Weissermel, H. I. Arpe, Industrial Organic Chemistry, 5a Ed. VHC, Weinheim, 2003
- diapositive proiettate a lezione disponibili sulla piattaforma Ariel
Assessment methods and Criteria
Written exam for the part of inorganic industrial chemistry / economics.
The exam takes place through a written test in which the student demonstrates mastery of the topics presented in class.
The knowledge acquired and the ability to understand the topics presented in the lessons of prof. Albanese will be assessed through an oral interview. During the interview, the student will also have to demonstrate their ability to connect the various topics and to use the correct terminology.
CHIM/04 - INDUSTRIAL CHEMISTRY - University credits: 6
Lessons: 48 hours
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