Labour law (advanced)

A.Y. 2019/2020
Overall hours
Learning objectives
-Conoscenza e capacità di comprensione. Lo studente deve dimostrare di avere acquisito un'approfondita conoscenza della disciplina applicabile al rapporto di lavoro innovato profondamente dalle recenti trasformazioni tecnologiche.
- Capacità applicative. Lo studente deve dimostrare attraverso le fattispecie pratiche esaminate a lezione la capacità di applicare le nozioni apprese a situazioni concrete.
- Autonomia di giudizio. Lo studente deve dimostrare, nel corso delle lezioni e dell'esame di profitto, di aver maturato posizioni critiche giuridicamente fondate in relazione agli argomenti trattati nel corso.
-Abilità nella comunicazione. Lo studente deve dimostrare di aver maturato una sufficiente capacità argomentativa e un'adeguata proprietà di linguaggio in merito alle tematiche trattate durante il corso.
-Capacità di apprendere. Lo studente deve dimostrare di aver sviluppato un'adeguata capacità di comprensione dell'evoluzione della disciplina lavoristica alla luce dell'evoluzione tecnologica e delle sue principali questioni interpretative che consenta di studiare gli istituti giuridici con un elevato grado di autonomia.
Expected learning outcomes
Lo studente, ai fini del positivo superamento dell'esame, deve essere in grado di dimostrare di conoscere e saper comprendere in modo approfondito gli istituti giuridici di diritto del lavoro che hanno subito profonde trasformazioni a seguito dell'evoluzione tecnologica nonché di applicare le conoscenze acquisiste alla risoluzione di casi giuridici proposti dal docente. Gli studenti sono, inoltre, tenuti a dimostrare di avere acquisito una sufficiente capacità critica e argomentativa e un'adeguata proprietà di linguaggio giuridico che consenta di comunicare con interlocutori specialisti. Infine, lo studente deve dimostrare di sapere studiare la disciplina del diritto sindacale e del diritto del lavoro con un elevato livello di autonomia.
Course syllabus and organization

Single session

Lesson period
First semester
Course syllabus
The labour market is undergoing profound transformations thanks to new technologies applied to production: think of autonomous robots able to adapt their behaviour according to previous experiences; the Internet of things that allows - through the insertion of microprocessors - to make parts of the physical world interacting with each other - machinery, semi-finished products, products - and to provide information to the workers during the execution of the activity; the electronic devices to simulate the performance of the product before its actual realization. These new technologies are profoundly changing the way companies organise and produce and consequently also the way they work: on the one hand the workers' skills are changing, on the other hand the way the employer directs and controls them are changing too.
It is therefore a question of whether the traditional categories and the protections provided for the worker (case in point, remuneration, working hours, health and safety protection, etc.) are adequate to protect him/her in this new scenario. So the problem to face nowadays is which discipline is therefore applicable today to the "new workers" employed in smart factories? What rights do these "new workers" claim? In this scenario, a lunge will be dedicated to work via platform, in the two variants of crowdwork (the most striking example of which is Amazon Turk) and work via app (such as Foodora or Uber). How to frame these forms of work? What safeguards should be given to workers (minimum wages, working hours, health and safety protection, limits to employer control)?
Finally, on the Labour Law front, too, the "new jobs" pose problems: how can the trade union protect workers dispersed throughout the territory, connected only by means of separate and isolated IT tools, whose performance is characterised by strong autonomy?
Analytical programme
The topics deal with in the course are the following:
- work in the "Gig economy" in Italy and abroad: the so-called crowd-work (Amazon Mechanical Turk) and platform work (Foodora cases; Deliveroo; Uber etc.), with particular reference to the qualification of the relationship, the minimum wage, union representation and security.
- "Industry 4.0": study of new organisational models (Eurovetro case), role of the collective agreement, training and variable pay.
- evolution of traditional powers in the light of technological and regulatory developments: the new rules of the employer's ius variandi and the balance between the worker's power of remote control and privacy following the Jobs Act.
- agile work: the right to disconnection and security of smart-workers.
- technological innovation and discipline of dismissal for economic reasons.
Any programs for the integration of the exam in the transition from the three-year period to Law or specific programs for Erasmus students should be agreed with the professor during the course.
Prerequisites for admission
The knowledge of the Italian Labour Law and Employment Law is required to actively participate to the course
Teaching methods
Slides will be used to support the lectures (they will be uploaded on the ariel platform Several guests - experts in the topics dealt with in the course - will be invited in order to provide the students with legal issues that emerge in living law.
Teaching Resources
There is no textbook. The professor provides students with both the slides (uploaded on the website which schematically retrace the topics dealt with in class and some material necessary to deepen the issues addressed in class.

It is advisable to make use in the study of an updated collection of the main documentary sources of labour law. There are numerous codes of labour law on the market, among them see M.T. Carinci (ed.), Codice del Lavoro,Giuffrè, Milano, 2019.Giuffrè, Milan, 2019.
Assessment methods and Criteria
The acquisition of the expected learning outcomes will be ascertained through an oral exam.
In the second part of the course there would be a simulated trial. With the help of some collaborators of the chair, the students will be divided into two groups: one taking the parts of the employee; the other one taking the parts of the employer. The trial will be led by a real judge who will preside over a real hearing in which the opposing parties will present their legal arguments orally. The evaluation of the work carried out during the simulated trial (both the drafting of court documents and the oral presentation) will influence the final examination grade.
For students taking the 9-credit exam, the simulated process is mandatory. However, students taking the 6-credit exam are invited to participate. In addition, participation in the simulated process gives 3 credits for additional activities.
IUS/07 - LABOUR LAW - University credits: 9
Lessons: 63 hours
da concordare con il docente.