Nanoparticles: Chemistry and Applications

A.Y. 2019/2020
Overall hours
Learning objectives
The objective of the course is to provide the student with the most important knowledge related to basic principles of nanoparticles and their applications.
Expected learning outcomes
Skills acquired by the students at the end of the course are the knowledge of synthetic methods of inorganic nanoparticles and their functionalization for application in the biomedical field.
Course syllabus and organization

Single session

Course syllabus
In the first part of the course basic concepts on the nanoparticles, their physico-chemical properties and how these latter can be modulated changing nanoparticles size will be presented. In particular, the synthetic procedures (using both top-down and bottom-up approaches) for the preparation of different nanoparticle classes (metallic, semiconductors and quantum dots) will be described. The peculiar properties of the different types of nanoparticles (absorption, emission, modulation of the nanosized semiconductors band gap etc.) will be described. The most relevant strategies for nanoparticles stabilization in colloidal suspension, for the choice of the capping material as a function of the biomedical use of the nano-object, will be presented, as well as the techniques most commonly employed for their characterization in the solid state (TEM, SEM and AFM) and in suspension (DLS and Z-Potential). Some recent applications will be discussed.

In the second part of the course basic principles of superparamagnetic nanoparticles are illustrated: in particular, definitions, characteristics and potential applications are presented. In detail, iron oxide nanoparticles, such as maghemite and magnetite are discussed in terms of magnetic characteristics, synthesis and stabilization methods. The most important methods of functionalization of nanoparticles surface with organic molecules and biomolecules are presented. Basic principles of biomedical applications are also described: 1] in diagnostics, through the use of nanoparticles as contrast agents for magnetic resonance imaging and 2] in therapy, thanks to their ability to give hyperthermia, drug transport, vector for cells uptake. In the last part of the course basic principles of Halloysite nanotubes are described, as innovative nanosystems for potential applications in diagnostics and therapy.
Prerequisites for admission
Students must have basic knowledge of organic chemistry.
Teaching methods
Traditional lessons in classroom.
Teaching Resources
Slides of both parts of the course used during lessons will be provided to the students through the Ariel web-site. Students can communicate with the teacher through e-mail, or rather, making an appointment to take advantage of the weekly reception time.
Assessment methods and Criteria
The examination consists in a written test for the two course parts. The written test contains three open questions on the program dealing with Part I (on the different synthetic methods of inorganic nanoparticles, the analytical techniques employed in the characterization of nanoparticle objects, and applications in the biomedical field) and three open questions on the Part II of the course (on the methodologies widely described during the course, for the conjugation of organic or bio-molecules to nanoparticles and/or nanotubes). The two marks (it is needed that the both are higher or at least equal to 18/30) will contribute to the mean of the final mark. During each academic year a number of at least 7 exams will be set, in the ordinary exam sessions.
CHIM/06 - ORGANIC CHEMISTRY - University credits: 6
Lessons: 48 hours