The course will provide the knowledge on the structure, function, reproductive biology and diversity of plants. The purpose is to acquire the basic knowledge useful for the identification and characterization of archeological finds and masterpieces and for the biodegradation processes relevant for the study and conservation of the cultural heritage.
Expected learning outcomes
Basic knowledge of the structure and diversity of plants.
Lesson period: First semester
(In case of multiple editions, please check the period, as it may vary)
Basic knowledge on cell biology: structure and function of proteins, nucleic acids, carbohydrates and lipids; eukaryotic and prokaryotic cell; meiosis and mitosis. Differences between animals and plants. Plant cell organization. Function and structure of the cell wall and cell wall modification during cell differentiation. Structure and roles of vacuole.and plastids. Photosynthesis. Organization of vascular plants. Characteristics of plant meristematic and adult tissues and their organization in leaves, root and stem. Examples of archaeobotanical finds, with special emphasis to wood. Taxonomic categories of plants. Plant reproduction: agamic and sexual reproduction and ontogenetic cycles. Morphology and reproduction of Algae, Fungi and Lichens. Morphology, taxonomy and reproductive strategies of lower plants (Musci and Hepaticae) and vascular plants (Pteridophyta and Spermatophyta). Application for the Cultural Heritage.
Prerequisites for admission
Basic knowledge about molecules and cellular structures. Elementary background about the Spermatophyte organization and reproduction.
Lessons will be performed in the classroom. Plant organ sections will be observed during practical exercises in laboratory. A permanent work station is available to observe plant organ sections (please send an e-mail to teacher). At the end of course a seminar will show the application of botanical knowledge for the study and conservation of the cultural heritage. Visit of Botanical Garden Città Studi as integrative lesson will be proposed.
By choice among: P.H. Raven, R.F.Evert, S.E. Eichhorn BIOLOGIA DELLE PIANTE Ed. Zanichelli J.D. Mauseth BOTANICA Ed. Idelson Gnocchi Venturelli, Virli INVITO ALLA BOTANICA Zanichelli Pasqua, G. Abbate, C. Forni. Botanica generale e diversità vegetale. Ed. Piccin
For more details: G. Caneva LA BIOLOGIA VEGETALE PER I BENI CULTURALI. Vol I eII: Ed. Nardini Editore A. Speranza, GL Calzoni STRUTTURA DELLE PIANTE IN IMMAGINI Ed. Zanichelli F. M. GEROLA - Biologia vegetale. Sistematica filogenetica- UTET ED
Slides used during lessons will be provided in Ariel.
Assessment methods and Criteria
Written test for cell biology: 10 questions to be performed in 30 minutes. The test is needed for oral final exam admission. The evaluation will be expressed in marks from 0 to 10 and the test was considered positive over 6. The oral discussion includes plant organ identification comprising description of tissues and their cytological characters; description of characters allowing taxa identification in Algae, Bryophyte, Pteridophyte, Spermatophyte, considering both gametophytic and sporophytic generations and their reproductive strategies. General characters of structure and reproduction of Fungi and Lichens. Mention of plan biology knowledge in cultural heritage studies will be appreciated. The student should demonstrate the topics comprehension, the ability to appropriately explain them, the use of a correct terminology and the ability to correlate several topics. The evaluation will be 18-30/30. To acquire the required knowledge, student can choose among different proposed books; slides will be available in Ariel and a permanent position for slide observation will be accessible.