Public health

A.Y. 2019/2020
Overall hours
Learning objectives
The course aims to provide students with the scientific and cultural tools to learn about: 1. the methodology for the study of the distribution of the events and factors related to the health and the onset of diseases in the population; 2. The data sources and surveillance systems; 3. the principles and methods of health promotion and primary and secondary prevention of infectious and non-infectious diseases; 4. the epidemiological characteristics and prevention methods of infectious diseases of greatest interest to public health; 5. the concept of global health in order to facilitate the learning of the great phenomena that affect health and access to prevention and treatment at a global level.
Expected learning outcomes
At the end of the course the student must:
1. be able to understand the design and to analyze the results of studies of descriptive, analytical and experimental epidemiology;
2. know and know how to use the main sources of mortality and natality and morbidity data;
3. know the main instruments of prevention of infectious diseases, with particular attention to disinfection and sterilization techniques and to the use of vaccines, and of non-infectious diseases, in particular will have to know the main issues related to screening;
4. know the epidemiology and the preventive tools as well as the legislation that regulates their use in relation to the infections of greatest interest for public health;
5. Understand the concept and the essentials of global health.
Course syllabus and organization

Single session

Course syllabus
Hygiene module.
health/disease determinants; causes and risk factors; epidemiology and epidemiological methodology; health promotion and disease prevention; principles of primary, secondary and tertiary prevention; prevention of communicable diseases (notification and surveillance, isolation, diagnostic assessment, disinfection and sterilization, vaccines and vaccinations, etc.); prevention of non-communicable diseases (screening); epidemiology and prevention of the main vaccine-preventable diseases; emerging infections; healthcare associated infections

Global Health: Key concepts and definition of global health (GH); Evolution of GH from tropical medicine to public health and international health; Global burden of disease, epidemiological transition and progress in health indicators; Recent phenomena and future of global health; Social and economic determinants of health; Era of the sustainable development goals (SDGs); Tuberculosis as a model in global health burden and response; the World Health Organization and other major actors in GH; International Cooperation; the great challenges: migrations and climate change.
Prerequisites for admission
No prior knowledge is required
Teaching methods
Hygiene module: Lectures through the use of slide presentations (eg power point), made available to the student on the Ariel platform
Global Health module: Lectures using slide presentations (eg power point), made available to the student on the Ariel platform with rapid exercises based on Q&A
Teaching Resources
Modulo di Igiene generale ed applicata.
Modulo di Igiene: Auxilia F, Pontello M. Igiene e Sanità Pubblica: I Fondamenti della Prevenzione. Ed. Piccin, 2011
Meloni C, Pelissero G. Igiene. Casa Editrice Ambrosiano 2011

Modulo di Global Health: Skolnik R. Global Health 101, 3rd Edition. Jones & Bartlett Learning, 2016
Assessment methods and Criteria
Only the students enrolled in the second year who have followed the module can take the midterm exam until the end of the second year course within the first semester of the following academic year. The midterm test will be certified with a grade.
The grade obtained in the ongoing test will then average with the grade obtained in the final exam of the second part of the program in the fourth year of the course.
The midterm exam consists in a written test of 30 multiple choice questions (with only one correct answer).
Who does not pass the midterm test, does not accept the grade or does not take the test in the times indicated must take the full exam at the end of the course, consisting of the administration of the two partial tests (30 multiple choice questions for each test) that will give rise to the final grade.
MED/42 - HYGIENE AND PUBLIC HEALTH - University credits: 3
Lessons: 36 hours