Anatomy and histology

A.Y. 2020/2021
4
Max ECTS
42
Overall hours
SSD
BIO/16 BIO/17
Language
Italian
Learning objectives
- Acquisition of knowledge on the structure of tissues, organs and systems in normal conditions with particular reference to the auditory system.
Expected learning outcomes
At the end of the course, the student will be able to: Know in depth the anatomical organization, the topography and the structure of the organs of the human body, analytically described the organization of each organ and its relationships. the student will be able to classify the different tissues on the basis of the acquired knowledge and relative to the characteristics of the cellular and extracellular component. The student will also be able to describe the features of the various tissues' set-up relating to their structure and their anatomical location.
Course syllabus and organization

Single session

Responsible
The lessons will be held on the Microsoft Teams platform and can be followed both synchronously on the basis of the first semester timetable and asynchronously because they will be recorded and left available to students on the same platform
Prerequisites for admission
No prior knowledge is required
Assessment methods and Criteria
- written with multiple choice quizzes
- each answer is assigned a score whose sum must give 30
- intermediate tests or pre-appeals are not foreseen
-no material can be used (dictionaries, etc ..)
- the communication of the test is communicated to the didactic secretariat
Human anatomy
Course syllabus
BUILDING PRINCIPLES OF THE HUMAN BODY
- Body pattern
- Anatomical terminology
- Body spaces: connective tissue, serous, neural
- Definition of organ, system, apparatus
- Hollow organs and full organs
TEGUMENTARY APPARATUS
- General information on the skin and skin appendages
LOCOMOTOR APPARATUS
- Generalities on bones, joints, muscles
- Axile and appendicular skeleton
- Joints of the human body
- Muscles of the head, trunk and limbs
NERVOUS APPARATUS
- Central nervous system:
spinal cord
brain: brain stem, cerebellum, diencephalon, telencephalon
meninges and cephalorachidian fluid
main routes and connections
- Peripheral nervous system:
cranial nerves, spinal and plexus nerves: general and innervation territory
sympathetic nervous system: general organization
- Specific sensitivity devices:
gustatory, olfactory, visual, auditory and vestibular systems: general organization
ENDOCRINE APPARATUS
- Pituitary gland
- Epiphysis
- Thyroid and parathyroid glands
- Surrene
CIRCULATORY SYSTEM
- Organization of the cardiovascular system
- Heart
- Main arterial vessels and distribution territory
- Main venous vessels and drainage territory
- General information on the lymphatic circulatory system
LYMPHID AND HEMATOPOIETIC ORGANS
- Bone marrow
- Thymus, tonsils, lymph nodes
- Spleen
DIGESTIVE SYSTEM
- Oral cavity: teeth, tongue, salivary glands
- Pharynx
- Esophagus
- Stomach
- Small and large intestine
- Liver and biliary tract
- Pancreas
- Peritoneum
RESPIRATORY SYSTEM
- Upper airways: nose and paranasal sinuses, nasopharynx
- Lower airways: larynx, trachea, bronchi
- Lungs and pleura
URINARY SYSTEM
- Kidneys
- Urinary tract: renal pelvis, ureters, bladder, urethra
MALE GENITAL APPARATUS
- Testicles
- Spermatic pathways: epididymis, vas deferens, ejaculatory ducts
- Glands attached to the spermatic pathways: seminal vesicles, prostate
FEMALE GENITAL APPARATUS
- Ovaries
- Genital tract: uterine tubes, uterus, vagina
Specific anatomy topics
- Skull, with particular deepening of the temporal bone
- Outer, middle, inner ear
- Acoustic pathways, vestibular pathways and nervous pathways for reflex activities
Teaching methods
Frontal lessons and exercises
Teaching Resources
Ambrosi G. et al. Anatomia dell'uomo. 2006, Edi.Ermes, Milano.
- Martini F.H. et al. Anatomia umana. 2016, EdiSES, Napoli.
- G. Anastasi et al: Trattato di Anatomia Umana. Vol. 3, Cap. 17: Apparato dell'udito. 2006-2007, Edi. Ermes.
- S. Standring (Ed): Anatomia del Gray. Cap.29: Orecchio esterno e medio. Cap. 30: Orecchio interno. 2009, Elsevier Italia.
Histology
Course syllabus
- The cell
- Cell structure.
- The fabrics
EPITHELIAL FABRICS
- Coating epithelia, glandular epithelia, sensory epithelia.
CONNECTIVE FABRICS
- Connective tissues proper and specialized (blood, bone, cartilage).
MUSCULAR FABRICS
- Skeletal, cardiac, smooth muscle tissue.
NERVOUS FABRIC
- Structure and functions of the neuron, classification and functions of glial cells.
Teaching methods
Frontal lessons and exercises
Teaching Resources
Ambrosi G. et al. Anatomia dell'uomo. 2006, Edi.Ermes, Milano.
- Martini F.H. et al. Anatomia umana. 2016, EdiSES, Napoli.
- G. Anastasi et al: Trattato di Anatomia Umana. Vol. 3, Cap. 17: Apparato dell'udito. 2006-2007, Edi. Ermes.
- S. Standring (Ed): Anatomia del Gray. Cap.29: Orecchio esterno e medio. Cap. 30: Orecchio interno. 2009, Elsevier Italia.
Histology
BIO/17 - HISTOLOGY - University credits: 1
Lessons: 10 hours
Human anatomy
BIO/16 - HUMAN ANATOMY - University credits: 3
Practicals: 6 hours
Lessons: 26 hours