Biomedical Sciences 1

A.Y. 2020/2021
4
Max ECTS
40
Overall hours
SSD
BIO/09 BIO/16
Language
Italian
Learning objectives
- To promote the knowledge of the human body structural organization with its main clinical and anatomical implications;
- To develop the knowledge of the essential morphological characteristics of systems, apparatuses, organs, cells and subcellular structures of the human body in order to reach an unitary and global vision of the complexity and equilibrium of the living matter.
Expected learning outcomes
- Knowledge of the human body structural organization;
- Knowledge of the essential morphological characteristics of systems, apparatuses, organs, cells and subcellular structures of the human body.
Course syllabus and organization

Single session

Responsible
Teaching methods and methods:
The lessons will be held in synchronous form according to the schedule established in presence and/ or online using the Microsoft Teams platform made available to the University.

Program and reference material:
The program and reference material will not change.

Assessment methods and assessment criteria:
According to the directives in force at the time of the appeal, the examination will take place in presence and/or online. Oral online examinations will be carried out using the Microsoft Teams platform or other platform indicated by the University. Online written exams will be carried out using the Exam.net platform or other platform indicated by the University.
Prerequisites for admission
Basic knowledge of cell biology and chemistry.
Assessment methods and Criteria
Written test. The exam mark is determined with t=(5 * N)-n (threshold 4)
To achieve 18/30 both conditions must be met: N exact quiz minimum 12/40; n incorrect questions max 56/200. The final exam mark will be given by the average of the results of the two modules (Anatomy and Physiology).
Anatomy
Course syllabus
CONSTRUCTIVE PRINCIPLES OF THE HUMAN BODY
- Body scheme
- Anatomical terminology
- General information on body spaces: connective, serous, neural
- Definition of tissue, organ, system, apparatus
- Hollow and parenchymatous organs
LOCOMOTOR APPARATUS
- General information on bones, joints, muscles
- Axial and appendicular skeleton
- Joints of the human body
- General information on head, trunk and limb muscles
NERVOUS SYSTEM
- Central nervous system:
- spinal cord
- encephalon: brainstem, cerebellum, diencephalon, telencephalon
- meninges and cerebrospinal fluid
- main routes and connections
- Peripheral nervous system:
- cranial nerves, spinal nerves and plexuses: generality and innervation territory
- sympathetic nervous system: general organization
- parasympathetic nervous system: general organization
- Specific sensitivity apparatus: general organization
ENDOCRINE APPARATUS
- Pituitary gland
- Epiphysis
- Thyroid and parathyroid glands
- Adrenal gland
CIRCULATORY APPARATUS
- Organization of the cardiovascular apparatus
- Heart
- Main arterial vessels and their distribution area
- Main venous vessels and their drainage area
- Blood
LYMPHATIC CIRCULATORY SYSTEM
- General information on the lymphatic circulatory system
- Thyme
- Lymph nodes
- Spleen
- Tonsils
- Sap
RESPIRATORY SYSTEM
- Upper airways: nose and sinuses, nasopharynx
- Lower airways: larynx, trachea, bronchi
- Lungs and pleurae
URINARY SYSTEM
- Kidneys
- Urinary tract: ureters, bladder, urethra
MALE GENITAL APPARATUS
- Testicles
- Spermatic ways: epididymis, vas deferens, ejaculatory duct
- Glands attached to the spermatic tract: seminal vesicles, bulbous-urethral glands, prostate
FEMALE GENITAL APPARATUS
- Ovaries
- Genital tract: uterus, fallopian tubes
Teaching methods
Lessons and practical sessions.
Exam simulation at the end of the course.
The didactic material will be uploaded on Ariel.
Teaching Resources
- F.H. Martini et al.: Anatomia umana. VI/2016, EdiSES.
- K.S. Saladin: Anatomia umana. 2/2017. Piccin-Nuova Libraria.
- M Mckinley e V.D. O'Loughlin: Anatomia Umana. 2014. Piccin.
- G. Ambrosi et al.: Anatomia dell'uomo. 2006, Edi. Ermes
Physiology
Course syllabus
· Organization
· Homeostasis
· Negative feedback
· Positive feedback
· Adjustment: Temperature, Pressure, Heart Rate
Energy metabolism
· Power
· Law of Fick
· Nutrients
· Law of mass balance
· Balance: osmotic, dynamic, chemical, electrical
· Anabolism
· catabolism
Plasma membrane processes
· Functions
· Strength: chemical, electrical
· Membrane transport
* Passive transport
* Active transport
Endocrine system
· Cellular communication
* Communicating joints
* Contact dependent signals
* Local communications
* Long distance communication
· receptors
· Hormones
* Release control
· Endocrine reflex
· Neuroendocrine reflex
Nervous system
· Control center
· Neurons: structure and function
* Sensory
* Interneurons
* Efferent
· Glial cells
· Nervous electrical signal
* Graduated potential
* Action potential
· Intercellular communications
· Central nervous system
· Peripheral Nervous System
· Organization of the brain
· Spinal cord organization
· Hypothalamus functions
· Autonomous Nervous System
* Sympathetic system
* Parasympathetic system
Muscular System
· Skeletal muscle
* Muscle fiber
· Filament flow theory
· Skeletal muscle contraction
· Muscular fatigue
· Muscle fiber
* Oxidative
* Oxidative-glycolytic
* Glycolytic
· Motor unit
· Relationship Strength-Length
· Force-speed relationship
· Smooth Muscle
Smooth muscle muscle contraction
Cardiac System
* Transport of substances
· Systemic Circulation
* Blood flow
* Arterial pressure
· Heart
* Function
* Structure
· Cardiac muscle
* Pacemaker cell
* Innervation
· Heart rate
* Heart rate modulation
· Electrocardiogram
· Cardiac cycle
Respiratory System
· Respiratory mechanism
* Inspiration
* Exhalation
· Lung volume
· Respiratory capacity
· Alveolar ventilation
· Breathing control
* Central
* Peripheral
· Partial pressure
· Gas exchange
* Oxygen transport
* Transport of carbon dioxide
Teaching methods
Lessons and practical sessions.
Exam simulation at the end of the course.
The didactic material will be uploaded on Ariel.
Teaching Resources
- D.U. Silverthorn. Fisiologia, un approccio integrato. Pearson Italia VII ed., 2017.
- C.L. Stanfield. Fisiologia. Edises V ed., 2017.
- G. Monticelli. Fisiologia. Casa Editrice Ambrosiana. 2014.
- L. Sherwood. Fondamenti di fisiologia umana. Piccin IV ed., 2012.
Anatomy
BIO/16 - HUMAN ANATOMY - University credits: 2
Lessons: 20 hours
Professor: Menon Alessandra
Physiology
BIO/09 - PHYSIOLOGY - University credits: 2
Lessons: 20 hours