1) Knowledge and comprehension. A level of general culture and legal culture is required to develop an understanding of the specific legal notions of Jewish law and Israeli law. In reference to Israeli law, the students will have to grasp the differences between religious law and secular systems; in this regard it is also required a fair level of ownership of lexical language and mastery, especially the legal one. For the part concerning the development of the sources of Jewish laws, it is also desirable to know some elementary historical notions. 2) Application abilities. Acquisition of the indispensable tools for the use of the concepts and legal institutes learned, according to the various cases that may arise, with the ability to face and solve problems even on new or non-customary issues, which are expected in the field of "religious" laws, in an interdisciplinary perspective and in order to acquire qualifying skills in the sense of a better understanding of social phenomena which, in a pluralistic society, emerge in their forms of juridical relevance. 3) Autonomy of judgement. Acquisition of a conscious autonomy of judgement with regard to the understanding and interpretation of the concepts dealt with. 4) Communication skills. For the topics covered, in addition to the above mentioned cultural and expressive starting requirements, the course aims to make students acquire the mastery of some concepts essential for the understanding of Judaism, and to draw from these new acquisitions the ability to read, interpret and then transmit those notions and skills, in order to integrate the legal training that, from an interdisciplinary point of view, is increasingly important as legal professionals have to be aware of the importance of being able to face an interpretation of laws as far as possible comprehensive of phenomena underlying them. 5) Ability to learn. Acquisition of skills for the adaptation of knowledges in relation to the studied contexts, the juridical institutions faced and the way in which they are related to the other existing laws, in particular those of the secular systems.
Expected learning outcomes
At the end of the course the student will have a complete knowledge of the course topics in the boarder context of comparative law of religions.
Lesson period: Second semester
(In case of multiple editions, please check the period, as it may vary)
The first part of the course will deal with the distinction between Biblical, Jewish and Israeli law. After that we will deal the sources of rabbinical law, the most important of them are: the Written Torah (Pentateuch), the Oral Torah (Mishnah, Talmud) and following codes. Later we will study various definitions of halakhah (debates and applications of the Jewish law) and the role of the mizwot (precepts). In the second part the three laws will be exemplified with the specific topic about the criteria to establish the membership of Jewish people. We will study the various answers given to the question: «who is a Jews?». We will conclude with the study of the ways in which the topic is developed in the Israeli law. The calendar of lessons is as follows (changes may be made). Lesson 1. Introduction and definition of Biblical, Jewish and Israeli law Lesson 2. Examples of Biblical law. The sources of Jewish law Lesson 3. The sources of Jewish law Lesson 4. Examples and cases of Jewish law Lesson 5. Deeping: the rules of kosher food Lesson 6. The sources of Israeli law Lesson 7. Relationship between religious law and secular law in the State of Israel Lesson 8. «Who is a Jew?» according to the various contemporary Jewish current Lesson 9. «Who is a Jew?» according Israeli law. The Law of Return. Lesson 10. Questionnaire and course review.
Prerequisites for admission
A level of general culture and legal culture is required to understand the notions of Islamic Law and to grasp, in particular, peculiarities and differences of this particular religious system compared to secular ones.
The course will take place through lectures and discussions on practical cases.
The materials of the course will be available via Ariel.
Assessment methods and Criteria
The module provides, for the attending students, a final questionnaire to verify the knowledge learned during the lessons.