Diagnostic imagining and radiotherapy

A.Y. 2020/2021
Overall hours
Learning objectives
The course aims to provide students with:
i) the ability to correctly propose the various diagnostic procedures by image, even with radionuclides;
ii) the ability to evaluate the cost / benefit ratios in the choice of diagnostic procedures;
iii) knowledge of the correct therapeutic applications of interventional radiology and of nuclear medicine;
iv) the knowledge of radiobiological principles of ionizing radiation as well as the clinical indications of radiation therapy in oncology;
v) knowledge of the principles of radio protection.
Expected learning outcomes
i) must interpret the diagnostic imaging reports;
ii) are able to propose the correct diagnostic and therapeutic procedures;
iii) are able to understand the biological effects of ionizing radiation and how applying them to the treatment of the more frequent neoplastic diseases.
Course syllabus and organization

Single session

Course syllabus
Nuclear Medicine
Principles of radiation physics, Nuclear Medicine equipment, radiopharmaceuticals.
Applications of conventional Nuclear Medicine (endocrine pathologies, musculoskeletal system, infectious pathology, study of renal function); Nuclear cardiology; PET in oncology; applications in neurology
Nuclear medicine therapy techniques

Radiotherapy: History and technological developments
Principles of Radiobiology
Principles of Radiotherapy: External beam Radiotherapy, Intraoperative Radiotherapy, Intensity Modulated Radiotherapy, Brachytherapy, Hadrotherapy, Image Guided Radiotherapy. Radical and palliative Radiotherapy, interaction with other treatment modalities (e.g. Pre-operative and Post-operative Radiotherapy, in combination with Chemotherapy/Hormonetherapy etc)
Radiotherapy side effects: classification, prevention, treatment
Management of Prostate, Breast and Head-Neck cancers with Radiotherapy

Principles of ionizing radiation and radiation protection
Diagnostic imaging of the chest
Diagnostic imaging of the liver
Diagnostic imaging of the pancreas and biliary tract
Diagnostic imaging of the urinary system
Diagnostic imaging of the cardio-vascular system
Diagnostic imaging of the genital system
Vascular, oncological and extravascular interventional radiology.
Prerequisites for admission
Physics examination
Anatomy examination
General pathology examination
Teaching methods
The teacher uses frontal lectures on the different items described in the outline. At the end of each frontal lesson some time is dedicated to questions by the students to promote a better knowledge of difficult aspects of the lesson.
Teaching Resources
Cittadini. Diagnostica per immagini e radioterapia
Giorgio Cittadini, Giuseppe Cittadini
Editore: Edra
Assessment methods and Criteria
Oral examination on the items described during classes
MED/36 - IMAGING AND RADIOTHERAPY - University credits: 5
Lessons: 60 hours