Farm structures

A.Y. 2020/2021
Overall hours
Learning objectives
The course aims to provide graduates with tools to follow the design path of rural buildings taking into account both the functional needs derived from the farm's production scheme, and the consequences of the design choices on the management of the farm. In particular, the purpose of the course is to provide the knowledge and methodologies for the correct sizing of the functional spaces of livestock farms, taking into account the thermal balance of the building, the needs of the animals and the production system in which the building is located.
Expected learning outcomes
The student acquires knowledge of animals' needs in terms of both environmental conditions and space in order to be able to deal with the general design of livestock buildings, assuring animal welfare.
He will be able to apply his knowledge to practical cases by preparing a building design (definition of the dimensions and division of spaces, thermal balance, evaluation of the heating, ventilation, cooling system. Furthermore, he will use the acquired knowledge for a critical evaluation of the project, in order to identify possible improvements (for example energy saving) and for the insertion of the building in the territorial context in which it is located.
Course syllabus and organization

Single session

Lesson period
Second semester
Didactic methods
The lessons will be held remotely on the Microsoft Teams platform in synchronous mode according to the scheduled time. The lessons will be recorded and left available to students for asynchronous viewing.
Some face-to-face lessons may be scheduled (presentation of the teaching and distance learning organization, exercises in preparation for the exam, discussion). In any case it will be possible to follow these lessons online.

Program and reference material
The program and reference material will not change. Recordings of the lessons and supplementary material in the form of videos will be made available.

Learning assessment procedures and assessment criteria
Written exam using the and zoom platforms, in groups of a maximum of 25 students or, where the regulations allow in presence, always in written form.
Students who pass the written exam take the oral exam using the Microsoft Teams platform
Course syllabus
The lessons will address the following topics:

· Relationship between rural buildings and business structure. Problems related to the environmental impact of agricultural activities.
· General criteria for the design of production buildings.
· Functional and distributive needs of the livestock structures.
· Requirements to ensure the conditions of animal welfare.
· Design criteria for livestock buildings in relation to the needs of the animals. Buildings for cattle. Pig farm buildings.
· Design of environmental control systems inside agricultural buildings (humidity, temperature, gases).
· Insertion of rural buildings in the territory: elements of cartography, examination and reading of maps.
· Elements of remote sensing and photointerpretation. Elements of topography, GPS and GIS.
Prerequisites for admission
A basic knowledge of agricultural systems and the fundamentals of mathematics and physics are required
Teaching methods
The teaching methods consist of:
a) frontal lessons
b) classroom exercises for the design of livestock structures
c) visits to livestock farms
Teaching Resources
The teaching material consists of:

1. Notes of the lessons ( - Costruzioni rurali)
2. Costruzioni rurali - Roberto Chiumenti - Edagricole scolastico, 2004
3. Booklet on the structures for dairy cattle farms - available on ARIEL platform
4. Selected scientific papers reported during the lessons and available on the website www,ariel,it - Costruzioni rurali
Assessment methods and Criteria
The assessment of knowledge is divided into:
- a written test consisting in the design of a livestock building with the definition of the dimensions in relation to the number and type of animals raised, the evaluation of the thermal balance and the evaluation of the ventilation, heating and cooling system, the location of the building in the territory using a cartographic base and surveys. The test will last two hours.
- an oral test for critical discussion of the written test to evaluate possible improvements with respect to the proposed solutions. During the oral exam, knowledge about the needs of animals, the characteristics of the structures and equipment, the tools for inserting the building into the territory will be verified.
The application exercises required in the written test will be of the same type as those carried out during the exercises and reported on the ARIEL website.
The vote will be expressed out of thirty. The written test will provide a grade that must be positive to access the oral test. The final grade will be based on the average of the written test of the oral one, if positive.
The verification method remains the same for non-attending students.
Field activity: 4 hours
Practicals: 20 hours
Lessons: 36 hours
on demand previuos contact by email
Dept. Agricultural and Environmental Sciences - Agricultural Engineering Building n. 10 - Farm Structures and Environment group