General Physiopathology

A.Y. 2020/2021
Overall hours
BIO/09 MED/04
Learning objectives
The general objective is to illustrate the fundamental cellular, molecular and tissue principles at the basis of physiological and pathological processes.
Expected learning outcomes
The student should acquire knowledge about the fundamental physiological processes and about their alterations in pathological conditions.
Course syllabus and organization

Single session

The lessons will be perfomed on-line through the Microsoft teams platform and they will be available both (sychronous and asychronous) at the same time based on the first trimester timetable. They will be registred and available on the Microsoft teams platform.
Prerequisites for admission
Basic knowledge of cell biology and biochemistry, chemistry and physics. In addition, it is mandatory to have passed the course in Anatomy
Assessment methods and Criteria
Written exam multiple choice questions ongoing exam written exam simulation at the end of the course
Course syllabus
1. Introduction to Physiology
2. Elements of chemistry and biochemistry
3. Notes on Cellular Membranes
4. The Action Potential
5. Synapse and Neuromuscular Plaque
6. On Spinal Cord and Reflexes
7. Receptors
8. Somatoesthesia
9. Elements of the autonomus nervous system
10. Somatomotor and Muscle System
11. Control of movement
12. Notes on the Functions of Higher Centers
13. Heart and circulatory system
14. Respiratory System
15. Kidney and Urinary Apparatus
16. Digestive System
17. Physiology of the eyes
18. Physiology of the earing system
19. The vestibular system
Teaching methods
Frontal lessons and slides
Teaching Resources
William J. Germann e Cindy L. Stanfield. Fisiologia Umana. EdiSES;
Silverthorn. Fisiologia Umana. Casa Editrice Ambrosiana;
Silbernagl & Despopoulos. Fisiologia, Atlante Tascabile. Casa Editrice Ambrosiana
Experimental medicine and pathophysiology
Course syllabus
The following topics will be covered in this context:
1. Concept of disease: etiology and pathogenesis
2. The damage and the cellular response to the damage
3. Cellular response (necrosis and apoptosis)
4. Systemic response (fever/shock)
5. Acute inflammation (e.g. roiling and margination, chemotaxis, phagocytosis, inflammation mediators, systemic reactions)
6. Chronic inflammation
7. Principles of Immunopathology
8. Tumours (benign and malignant tumours, oncogenes, suppressors, metastases).
Teaching methods
Frontal lesson and slides that include teaching videos some of which are in English
Teaching Resources
Elementi di Patologia generale e Fisiopatologia.Mc Graw-Hill di JAM Maier-M. Mariotti
-Patologia Generale e Fisiopatologia Edizioni Minerva medica- Giuseppe Poli e Amedeo Colombano
-Elementi di Patologia generale. Per i corsi di laurea in professioni sanitarie. III edizione, Piccin
-set di dispense redatte dal docente
Experimental medicine and pathophysiology
Lessons: 20 hours
Professor: Scita Giorgio
BIO/09 - PHYSIOLOGY - University credits: 2
Lessons: 20 hours
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