Grapevine protection

A.Y. 2020/2021
10
Max ECTS
80
Overall hours
SSD
AGR/11 AGR/12
Language
English
Learning objectives
The aim is to provide information on viticultural pests and pathogens, in detail:

PATHOLOGY

infromation on grapevine diseases, their spreading patterns and to evaluate their economic impact on production. To know how to prevent its early event and spread applying suitable integrated pest management programs.

ENTOMOLOGY

a) knowledge on biology, ethology of grapevine feeder insects (indigenous and exotic), as well as on damages caused to grapevine

b) build-up expertise on insect control strategies with emphasis on environmental friendly methods, IPM and biological control

c) Knowledge on the epidemiology of grapevine diseases transmitted by insect vectors and on prevention and control methods.
Expected learning outcomes
Undefined
Course syllabus and organization

Single session

Responsible
Lesson period
First semester
The course will be held in the ASTISS university campus.
Teaching activity may be varied according to the limitations imposed by the current health emergency. Nevertheless, the remote mode will be ensured throughout all the academic year.
Course syllabus
PATHOLOGY
The diseases of grapevine: a review of the main maladies of grapevine and in particular for those ones with epidemic pattern.
The sanitary selection of grapevine and its importance for the nursery industry.
The plant pathogen detection: the main innovations in serology and molecular biology for identification and characterization of grapevine pathogens.
Novel achievements for the containment and the management of the fungal diseases: the expert systems and their use for the disease management.
Novel achievements for the containment and the management of the diseases: new technologies and regulation protocols for the disease prevention and use of chemicals of lower impact for the environment.
Emergent pathogens and diseases of grapevine for Europe and other areas where grapevine is cultivated: quarantine regulation for grapevine material.
ENTOMOLOGY
Concepts and principles of pest management, IPM, biological control. Insecticides, their mode of action, resistance and resistance management.
Leafhopper and planthopper vectors of grapevine phytoplasmas and their control/management, also on the base of phenological predictive models. Flavescence dorée and Bois Noir epidemiology.
Mealybugs and scale insects of grapevine: biology, direct damages, transmission of Grapevine viruses and control.
Phylloxera: biology and damages/control.
Vectors of Xylella fastidiosa to grapevine and introduction risks in Europe.
Non-vector grapevine Hemiptera.
Grapevine berry moths: biology, monitoring, control methods.
Mites: their characteristics, biology, direct damages and transmission of Grapevine Pinot Gris Virus.
New, invasive species in the vineyard (Metcalfa pruinosa, Halyomorpha halys, Drosophila suzukii, Popillia japonica)
Practicals: identification of the main grapevine insects, field trip and visit to a winery and a grapevine nursery
Prerequisites for admission
no preliminary knowledge is required
Teaching methods
The course consists of lectures, seminars and laboratory activities.
Technical visits to Nurseries of Regional Facilities for grapevine health preservation (CE.PRE.MA.VI) and an educational trip to a wine-producing farm and a grapevine nursery in Piedmont will be carried out.
Lectures and seminars will be provided either in class or in e-learning, according to the applied measures related to Covid-19 emergency. For both lecture modalities, the teacher makes use of PowerPoint presentations that are available to students together with articles for critical readings. Lectures in e-learning will be delivered through the Moodle platform, by means of audio files recorded with Kaltura and/or recorded or streaming Webex lectures.
Teaching Resources
The recommended basic texts for the course are:
PATHOLOGY
Slides and presentations and scientific papers supplied during the course session
- Baozhong Meng,·GiovanniP. Martelli, Deborah A.Golino,·MarcFuchs Editors (2017). Grapevine Viruses: Molecular Biology, Diagnostics and Management. Springer
- Agrios GN. 2005. Plant Pathology. Amsterdam, The Netherlands: Academic
ENTOMOLOGY
Note di Entomologia viticola. Andrea Lucchi. Pisa University Press
Scientific papers and materials (PowerPoint presentations) provided by the teachers will be loaded on the platform CampusNet
Assessment methods and Criteria
There will be a discussion on the main arguments of every lecture.
The final exam is an oral exam with questions on the topics discussed and on the field and laboratory activities carried out during the training, covering both the plant pathology and entomology modules in the same interview. It will be conducted in class or on line by using the Webex platform, according to the applied measures related to Covid-19 emergency. In the online modality, students, after application through the SIA procedure, will be requested to connect to the following link:
https://unito.webex.com/meet/elena.gonella
at the date and time of the exam call.
The exam aims to proof the capacity of the student to connect the information achieved and to verify the ability to manage the knowledge acquired during all the activities of the course
Entomology
AGR/11 - GENERAL AND APPLIED ENTOMOLOGY - University credits: 5
Lessons: 40 hours
Pathology
AGR/12 - PLANT PATHOLOGY - University credits: 5
Lessons: 40 hours
Educational website(s)
Professor(s)
Reception:
Monday from 10 to 12 am
Building 21070 (former Patologia vegetale)
Reception:
Monday 14.30-15.30
DiPSA