Mineralogy and Lithology Practicals

A.Y. 2020/2021
Overall hours
GEO/02 GEO/06
Learning objectives
Knowledge and understanding: learning the scientific method to observe, describe and classify minerals and rocks
Expected learning outcomes
Applying knowledge and understanding: basic knowledge of the principal rock forming minerals and lithotypes
Making judgements: ability to cross-correlate observations and phenomenological knowledge to formulate diagnoses
Communication skills: ability to write a report on mineral and rock features as observed in laboratory and in the field
Learning skills: ability to approach phenomenological studies; basic knowledge in view of advanced learning in mineralogy and petrography
Course syllabus and organization

Single session

Lesson period
Second semester
Owing to pandemic emergency, the 2019-20 edition of the Laboratory has been held online. Live lectures and exercises, based on minerals and rocks images, have been be given on Teams. On request, lectures have been recorded to facilitate participation of Student Workers.
The 2020-21 edition of the laboratory might be hopefully held live in classroom, as in the normal pre-pandemic editions, since the Laboratory will start in march 2021. Anyway, the Laboratory program and the teaching methods will remain unchanged compared to the pre-emergency editions, if necessary the only difference consisting in online lecturing.
Since the end of the pandemic emergency, the final exam will be an oral enquiry, held live online at the same Teams class where the Laboratory was given. The exam will remain unchanged compared to the former editions of the Laboratory, as it is described in a following point, the only difference consisting in the online progress and in the replacement of rock specimens with rock pictures.
Course syllabus
Synopsis: the rock forming minerals. Observation of the main features in minerals and rock samples. The main features of crystals. Chemical and physical features of minerals. Introduction on analytical methods in mineralogy. Systematic mineralogy. Ore and industrial minerals.
This Laboratory Course introduces Students to observation, description, classification and basic interpretation of Igneous, Sedimentary and Metamorphic Rocks, both on hand specimen and on outcrops.
1) textures and mineralogical composition of Igneous Rocks
2) classification of Igneous rocks
3) Igneous process: silicate melts, properties and crystallization; field relations of intrusions and volcanic rocks bodies
4) components, textures and structures of Sedimentary Rocks
5) classifications of sedimentary rocks
6) sedimenatry rocks as geological materials
7) cycle of sedimentary rocks in their lithosphere/atmosphere context
8) basic concepts on diagenesis and Sedimentary Rocks petrogenesis
9) Sedimentary Rocks in the outcrops: field methods for analysis of lithotypes
10) Fabric, composition and Classification of Metamorphic rocks
11) Metamorphism: variables, metamorphic facies, types of metamorphism
Prerequisites for admission
"Chemistry and Laboratory", "Introduction to Geology and Laboratory" and "Paleontolgy and Laboratory" are useful introductory courses for "Mineralogy and Lithology Practicals"
Teaching methods
Parte Minerali
Osservazione dei principali "rock-forming minerals" in campioni di minerali e rocce. Principali caratteristiche dello stato cristallino. Le proprietà chimiche e fisiche dei minerali. Cenni introduttivi sui metodi di analisi e studio dei minerali. La mineralogia sistematica. Minerali di importanza economica e minerali industriali.
Teaching Resources
Materials and Manuals by the teachers are availables at ARIEL website
C. Klein, A.R. Philpotts Earth Materials, Cambridge ed.
Tucker, The field description of Sedimentary Rocks, Geological Society of London ed.
Bosellini, Mutti, Ricci Lucchi Rocce e successioni sedimentarie (UTET ed.)
Assessment methods and Criteria
The test concerns written open questions on general mineralogy and description and identification of three macroscopic samples of minerals of geological and economical relevance.
The test includes the observation, written description and classification of four rock specimen, and the reply to two open questions.
The final score is obtained from the weighted average between single scores of minerals and rocks tests
GEO/06 - MINERALOGY - University credits: 0
Field activity: 12 hours
Practicals: 72 hours
Lessons: 24 hours
Attività Alternativa
Professor: Zerboni Andrea
Didattica Obbligatoria di Terreno
Professors: Fumagalli Patrizia, Grieco Giovanni, Merlini Marco
Turno I A Laboratorio Rocce
Professor: Tumiati Simone
Turno I B Laboratorio Rocce
Professor: Bersezio Riccardo
Turno I Laboratorio Minerali
Professor: Merlini Marco
Turno II A Laboratorio Rocce
Professor: Tumiati Simone
Turno II B Laboratorio Rocce
Professor: Bersezio Riccardo
Turno II Laboratorio Minerali
Professor: Merlini Marco
Monday-Friday with appointment
Via Botticelli 23 - office first floor
Mon-Fri, 9-11.
Dipartimento di Scienze della Terra "Ardito Desio", Via L. Mangiagalli 34, 20133 Milano