Philosophy of law

A.Y. 2020/2021
9
Max ECTS
63
Overall hours
SSD
IUS/20
Language
Italian
Learning objectives
The course aims to introduce students to the fundamental philosophical-juridical concepts, to the main philosophical theories and to the state of the art of contemporary philosophical-juridical discussion, and to favor the acquisition of awareness of the philosophical dimension of many legal problems.
Expected learning outcomes
At the end of the course, students will have learned the fundamental elements of the contemporary philosophical-juridical discussion; will have reached the ability to develop an appropriate philosophical-legal analysis of the issues; will be aware, thanks to the discussion in the classroom, of the need to use a rigorous language and an adequate ability for argumentation in the presentation of problems; will have aknownledged the need for a methodologically correct approach to the law.
Course syllabus and organization

Surname A-C

Responsible
Lesson period
First semester
Two lectures per week will be held in the classroom, but will still be streamed live on the Microsoft Teams platform; the third will be carried out exclusively on the Microsoft Teams platform, in sync, on the basis of the timetable for the first half of the year.
The lessons can also be enjoyed asynchronously, as they will all be recorded and left available to students on the e-learning platform Ariel.

Program and reference material
The program and the reference material will not change.
Course syllabus
The course will focus on some fundamental legal concepts very important to become legally qualified: legal right; norm; legal system; legal reasoning; normative hierarchies; rule of law and constitutional state. The fundamental legal concepts will be studied through the main conceptions of law (for example: legal positivism, natural law theory, legal realism). The conceptions of law will also address the problem of the relationship between law and morality. Particular attention will be paid to the topic of legal interpretation.
Integration of the programme:
For students coming from Science of Legal Services, it will be necessary an interview on N. Bobbio, Diritto e potere, Giappichelli (except chapter 4).
Prerequisites for admission
The exam is in the first year, first semester, so there are no specific prerequisites other than those required for access to the degree course.
Chair changes must be authorized by both teachers involved, upon request to be made after the start of the course and within the first two weeks of the course.
Teaching methods
The teaching includes lectures with students involvement.
Attendance is optional, but recommended.
Teaching Resources
For attending and non-attending students.
-M. BARBERIS, Una filosofia del diritto per lo stato costituzionale, Torino, Giappichelli, 2017, the whole book;
-H. L. A. HART, Il concetto di diritto, trad. it. Torino, Einaudi, 1965, from page 2 to page 246 (corresponding to the first nine chapters).
Assessment methods and Criteria
Oral exam, with evaluation expressed in thirtieths plus possible praise.
There is no ongoing verification.
The exam aims to verify the knowledge of the fundamental concepts and theories of the subject, the ability to organize this knowledge discursively, the ability to develop a critical reasoning on the contents of the subject, the quality of the exposure and the lexicon used.
IUS/20 - PHILOSOPHY OF LAW - University credits: 9
Lessons: 63 hours
Professor: Velluzzi Vito

Surname D-L

Lesson period
First semester
One lesson per weel will be held (Tuesday 2.30 pm) will be carried out exclusively on the Microsoft Teams platform. The other two lessons ( Wednesday and Thursday 8.30 am) will be held in the classroom; the lessons can also be enjoyed asynchronously, as they will be recorded and left available to students on Teams platform.
Course syllabus
The course will deal with three fundamental questions in philosophy of law: What is justice? What is law? What is juridical reality? The course will be devoted to discussion of legal cases (real and imaginary) and to the reading of some classics in ancient and contemporary philosophy of law. Text will be will be assigned and discussed during classes.

For students coming from Science of Legal Services, it will be necessary an interview on N. Bobbio, Diritto e potere, Giappichelli (except chapter 4).
Prerequisites for admission
None.
Teaching methods
Lectures.
Attandance is optional, but recommended.
Teaching Resources
For attending and non-attending students:

1. Hans Kelsen, Lineamenti di dottrina pura del diritto. Torino, Einaudi, 2000 (sono da studiare i capitoli I, II, III, IV, V [da p. 1 a p. 116]).
2. Hans Kelsen, Che cos'è la giustizia? Lezioni americane. A cura di Paolo Di Lucia e Lorenzo Passerini Glazel. Macerata, Quodlibet, 2015 (sono da studiare i capitoli I, II, II [da p. 1 a p. 156]).
3. Amedeo Giovanni Conte/Paolo Di Lucia/Luigi Ferrajoli/Mario Jori, Filosofia del diritto. A cura di Paolo Di Lucia. Seconda edizione ampliata: Milano, Raffaello Cortina, 2013. Sono da studiare i saggi dei seguenti dieci autori (comprese le note bio-bibliografiche iniziali):

Eugen Ehrlich, Sociologia del diritto (pp. 51-60)
Czesław Znamierowski, Atti thetici e norme costruttive (pp. 79-87)
Jerome N. Frank, Realismo giuridico (pp. 101-108)
Chaïm Perelman, La giustizia formale (pp. 141-158)
Gustav Radbruch, Ingiustizia legale e diritto sovralegale (pp. 159-173)
Norberto Bobbio, Formalismo giuridico e formalismo etico (pp. 233-252)
Alf Ross, Norme giuridiche e regole degli scacchi (pp. 265-280)
Antonio Pigliaru, La vendetta barbaricina (pp. 321-328)
Émile Benveniste, Ius (pp. 368-379)
Ota Weinberger, Norma come idea e norma come realtà (pp. 397-411)

Alternative to n. 2, it is possible to choose:

4. Luigi Ferrajoli et alii, Il dover essere del diritto. Un dibattito teorico sul diritto illegittimo a partire da Kelsen. A cura di Paolo Di Lucia e Lorenzo Passerini Glazel. Torino, Giappichelli, 2020.

5. Norberto Bobbio, L'indirizzo fenomenologico nella filosofia sociale e giuridica. Torino, Giappichelli, 2018.

6. Amedeo Giovanni Conte, Filosofia del linguaggio normativo. II. Studi 1982-1994. Torino, Giappichelli, 1995 (sono da studiare i capitoli 12, 13, 14, 15, 16, 21).

7. Uberto Scarpelli, Il positivismo giuridico rivisitato. Pisa, ETS, in corso di edizione.

8. John R. Searle, Il mistero della realtà. Milano, Raffaello Cortina Editore, 2019 (sono da studiare le lezioni 1, 3, 6, 7, 8, 9).
Assessment methods and Criteria
Oral exam, with evaluation expressed in thirties plus possible praise. The evaluation criteria remain unchanged.
IUS/20 - PHILOSOPHY OF LAW - University credits: 9
Lessons: 63 hours

Surname M-Q

Responsible
Lesson period
First semester
Every week, two lessons will be held in the classroom, but will still be streamed live on the Microsoft Teams platform; the third will be carried out exclusively on the Microsoft Teams platform, in sync, on the basis of the timetable for the first half of the year.
The lessons can also be enjoyed asynchronously, as they will all be recorded and left available to students on the same platform or on Ariel.

Program and reference material
The program and the reference material will not change.

Verification of learning and evaluation criteria
The same will take place in oral form using the Microsoft Teams platform, where attendance allows it, in attendance, always in oral form.
The evaluation criteria remain unchanged.
Course syllabus
The teaching program provides for the presentation and discussion of the following topics:
The case of speleologists as an introduction to philosophical-juridical problems.
The concept of law.
Conceptions of law.
Legal concepts.
Law and language.
Law and force.
The legal norm.
The legal interpretation.
Legal systems.
Justice and legality.
The relationship between law and morals.
Prerequisites for admission
Being a first year, first semester exam, there are no specific prerequisites other than those required for access to the degree course.
Chair changes must be authorized by both teachers involved, upon request to be made after the start of the course and within the first two weeks of the course.
Teaching methods
The teaching includes lectures with strong student involvement, in the form of group discussions initiated by the teacher or by the students themselves.
Attendance is optional, but strongly recommended.
Teaching Resources
The exam will focus on the texts::
1. M. Barberis, Una filosofia del diritto per lo stato costituzionale, Torino, Giappichelli, 2017;
2. A. Porciello (a cura di), Il caso degli speleologi di Lon L. Fuller e alcuni nuovi punti di vista, Rubbettino, 2012.
3. Study material distributed in class promptly uploaded on Ariel.

For those who have not followed the lessons, it is strongly recommended to replace the point 3. with:
- H. L. A. Hart, Il concetto di diritto, Torino, Einaudi, 2002 (excluding chapters VII and X, and the Poscript).

For students from Sciences of Legal Services, it will be necessary to take an oral interview on N. Bobbio, Diritto e potere Giappichelli (excluding chapter 4)
Assessment methods and Criteria
Oral exam, with evaluation expressed in thirtieths plus possible praise.
There is no ongoing verification.
The exam aims to verify the knowledge of the fundamental concepts and theories of the subject, the ability to organize this knowledge discursively, the ability to develop a critical reasoning on the contents of the subject, the quality of the exposure and the lexicon used.
IUS/20 - PHILOSOPHY OF LAW - University credits: 9
Lessons: 63 hours
Professor: Del Bo' Corrado

Surname R-Z

Lesson period
First semester
Two weekly teams will be held in the classroom, but will still be streamed live on the Microsoft Teams platform; the third will be carried out exclusively on the Microsoft Teams platform, in sync, on the basis of the timetable for the first half of the year.
The lessons can also be enjoyed asynchronously, as they will all be recorded and left available to students on the same platform or on Ariel.

Program and reference material
The program and the reference material will not change for the emergency.


Learning verification procedures and assessment criteria
The exam will take place in oral form using the Microsoft Teams platform or, where the regulation allows, in the presence, always in oral form.
The evaluation criteria remain unchanged.
Course syllabus
The course aims to acquaint students with a number of issues related to the concept of law, legal sources and legal interpretation. It tries to provide them with the basic tools of both legal comprehension and communication.
We will focus on:
- legal positivism
- law and language
- Kelsen's theories
- Open texture (Waismann and Hart)
- Generality and unspecific meaning
- rules and principles
- balancing principles: the delusion of weighting formulas
Prerequisites for admission
No prior knowledge is required
Teaching methods
Frontal teaching.
Teaching Resources
For both attending and non attending students:
1) Claudio Luzzati, Questo non è un manuale, Giappichelli, Torino 2010.
2) Claudio Luzzati, Prìncipi e princìpi. La genericità nel diritto, Giappichelli, Torino 2012..
Supplementary oral exam for students coming from "Scienze dei servizi"
N. Bobbio, Diritto e potere, Giappichelli (cap. 4 excluded).
Assessment methods and Criteria
Oral examination (maximum score: 30/30 cum laude). No intermediate verification will be made.
IUS/20 - PHILOSOPHY OF LAW - University credits: 9
Lessons: 63 hours