Prevention and health sciences

A.Y. 2020/2021
4
Max ECTS
40
Overall hours
SSD
MED/36 MED/42
Language
Italian
Learning objectives
The course aims to provide students with the scientific and cultural tools to learn about: 1. the methodology for the study of the distribution of the events and factors related to the health and the onset of diseases in the population; 2. The data sources and surveillance systems; 3. the principles and methods of health promotion and the of primary and secondary prevention of infectious and non-infectious diseases; 4. . the epidemiological characteristics and prevention methods of infectious diseases of greatest interest to public health; 5. The physical basis and principles of radiobiology, the radioprotection of operators and patients, the indications and contraindications to diagnostic therapeutic procedures in Radiodiagnostics, Nuclear Medicine and Radiotherapy.
Expected learning outcomes
At the end of the course the student must: 1. be able to understand the design and to analyze the results of studies of descriptive, analytical and experimental epidemiology; 2. know and know how to use the main sources of mortality and natality and morbidity data; 3. know the main instruments of prevention of infectious diseases with particular attention to disinfection and sterilization techniques and to the use of vaccines and non-infectious diseases, in particular will have to know the main issues related to screening; 4. know the epidemiology and the preventive tools as well as the legislation that regulates their use in relation to the infections of greatest interest for public health; 5. Know the effect of ionizing radiation on biological organisms, the principles and norms related to the radioprotection of Operators and Patients, the indications and contraindications of diagnostic imaging exams and the use of contrast means, the types of adverse events that can occur in the departments of Radiodiagnostics, Nuclear Medicine and Radiotherapy
Course syllabus and organization

Single session

The program and the bibliography are confirmed.
Teaching activities will be held both in presential mode and at distance (synchronous mode) using MS Teams platform.
Assessment of the learning: Moodle (written examination).
Prerequisites for admission
The course has no specific prerequisites
Assessment methods and Criteria
The exam consists of written test, with 60 multiple choice questions. The results are communicated through the publication of the list on Ariel platform, by vweb and / or through the secretary's office of the course.
Diagnostic imaging and radiotherapy (Radioprotection)
Course syllabus
- Physical bases, principles of radiobiology
- Radioprotection of Operators
- Radiodiagnostics: indications and contraindications to diagnostic and interventional procedures; radiation protection of patients
- Nuclear Medicine: indications and contraindications to diagnostic and therapeutic procedures; radiation protection of patients
- Radiotherapy: indications and contraindications to therapeutic procedures; radiation protection of patients.
Teaching methods
Lectures through the use of slide presentations (eg power point), made available to the student on the Ariel platform
Teaching Resources
Slides provided by the teacher (available on Ariel platform).
Hygiene and public health
Course syllabus
INTRODUCTION TO HYGIENE
- Purpose and areas of interest of Hygiene
- Health and illness. Evolution of the concept of health
- Hygiene: Epidemiology, prevention and Public Health
FROM HEALTH TO THE DISEASE
- Determinants of health
- Disease causes and risk factors
- Natural history of communicable or non-communicable diseases
- Mode of appearance of diseases in the population
KNOW THE STATE OF HEALTH
- Sources of demographic and health data
- Measure the frequency of an event (proportions, rates, incidence and prevalence)
- Other health indicators and sentinel events
EPIDEMIOLOGICAL METHODOLOGY
DESCRIPTIVE EPIDEMIOLOGY
- Population studies
- Distribution analysis in relation to space, time and personal variables
ANALYTICAL EPIDEMIOLOGY
- Investigate the cause-effect relationship
- Analytical studies: cross-sectional (prevalence) studies, longitudinal studies (cohort and case-control studies)
- Risk assessment
EXPERIMENTAL EPIDEMIOLOGY
- Preventive and therapeutic trials
PREVENTION METHODOLOGY
- Prevention of the disease and health promotion: definitions and objectives
- Primary, secondary and tertiary prevention
- PREVENTION OF INFECTIOUS (COMMUNICABLE) DISEASES
- Main primary and secondary prevention measures (notification, isolation, diagnosis, disinfection and sterilization)
- Immunoprophylaxis: types of vaccines and vaccination schedule.
- PREVENTION OF THE MAIN CHRONIC-DEGENERATIVE (NON-COMMUNICABLE) DISEASES
- Basics of primary and secondary prevention with particular attention to the screening

EPIDEMIOLOGY AND PREVENTION OF SOME COMMUNICABLE DISEASES
- Some infectious diseases preventable with vaccines (influenza, measles, etc.)
- Parenteral and sexual transmitted diseases (viral hepatitis, HIV / AIDS)
- Healthcare associated Infections.
Teaching methods
Lectures through the use of slide presentations (eg power point), made available to the student on the Ariel platform
Teaching Resources
Slides provided by the teacher (available on Ariel platform).
To deepen:
- Barbuti S, Fara GM, Giammanco G, Carducci A, Coniglio MA, D'Alessandro D, Montagna MT, Tanzi ML, Zotti CM. Igiene per le lauree triennali. Terza Edizione. Monduzzi Editore 2011
- Barbuti S., Fara GM, Giammanco G, AAVV. Igiene - Medicina Preventiva - Sanità Pubblica. Editore Edises 2014
Diagnostic imaging and radiotherapy (Radioprotection)
MED/36 - IMAGING AND RADIOTHERAPY - University credits: 1
Lessons: 10 hours
Hygiene and public health
MED/42 - HYGIENE AND PUBLIC HEALTH - University credits: 3
Lessons: 30 hours