Prevention and health services

A.Y. 2020/2021
4
Max ECTS
60
Overall hours
SSD
MED/42 MED/44 MED/45
Language
Italian
Learning objectives
- Know the principles and rules relating to hospital hygiene, prevention and control of hospital and community infections;
- Know the basic rules to preserve and promote the health of the individual and of the communities;
- Know the rules and practices to maintain and promote health in the workplace, identifying situations of specialist competence;
- Acquire the ability to evaluate epidemiological data and learn about its use for health promotion and disease prevention in the individual and in the community;
- Acquire the ability to use in an appropriate way information, training and health education methodologies;
- Acquire the ability to participate in the identification of health needs of interest to the pediatric nurse profession;
- Deepen the knowledge of infection prevention and control techniques in clinical nursing care.
Expected learning outcomes
At the end of the course, the student will have to be able to know and understand the hygienic-preventive sciences regarding health determinants, risk factors, individual and collective prevention strategies, interventions aimed at promoting the safety of health workers and users.
Course syllabus and organization

Single session

In case of suspension of teaching activities, the exams will be held orally on the Microsoft Teams platform
Prerequisites for admission
This is a first year exam, first semester, so there are no specific prerequisites different from those required for access to the degree course.
Assessment methods and Criteria
The written test is a multiple choice quiz.
Hygiene and public health
Course syllabus
Health concept
- From health to illness:
1. Causal relationships - positive and negative health factors
2. Natural history of communicable and non-communicable diseases
- Epidemiology introduction:
3. Statistical and health data sources
4. Measures in epidemiology
5. Health indicators
6. Descriptive epidemiology
7. Surveillance systems
- Health prevention and promotion: principles and methods
- Non-communicable diseases prevention
8. Primary prevention (including health education)
9. Secondary prevention: population screenings
- Prevention of infectious diseases
10. Direct Prophylaxis Interventions
11. Disinfection and sterilization
12. Vaccines and vaccinations
- Epidemiology and prevention of communicable diseases: special part
13. diseases transmitted through water and food
14. respiratory diseases
15. the diseases transmitted parenterally
- Epidemiology and prevention of infections related to care practices
Teaching methods
The course includes lectures
Teaching Resources
F Auxilia, M Pontello. Igiene e Sanità Pubblica. I fondamenti della prevenzione. Piccin Editore.
C Meloni. Igiene per le lauree delle professioni sanitarie.
Occupational medicine
Course syllabus
-Introduction to Occupational Medicine: historical outline, objectives, primary, secondary, tertiary prevention, definition of hazard and risk, work accident and occupational disease, main groups of risk factors
Musculoskeletal syndromes and hospital work: occupational and non-occupational risk factors, pathogenic mechanisms, legislation, hospital risk assessment, prevention strategies, with particular reference to patient movement
Occupational allergies with particular reference to skin allergies and irritative dermatopathies. Main risk factors in a hospital environment. Latex allergies. Etiopathogenetic mechanisms. Prevention
Use of antiblastic drugs: risky maneuvers, ways of prevention in the various phases of exposure and potential health effects
Ionizing and non-ionizing radiation: description of risks in the hospital setting, prevention, and effects
- Occupational injuries and Accident : Frequency, severity, and incidence. Description of the main risk factors
Risks from anesthetic gases in operating rooms: causes of pollution and main health effects. Legislation and prevention.
Risks from detergents, disinfectants, sterilizers. In particular Formaldehyde, Glutaraldehyde, Ethylene oxide
Risks of work at VDT (Video Display Terminal)
Occupational cancer. Characteristics, etiopathogenetic mechanisms. Description of the main carcinogenic substances and legislation.
Risk assessment. Biological risk in a hospital environment.
Environmental and biological monitoring: reference values (e.g. TLV) and indicators of dose, effect and susceptibility
Teaching methods
The course includes lectures
Teaching Resources
Medicina del Lavoro (Lavoro, ambiente, salute)" a cura di Pier Alberto Bertazzi Cortina Editore, 2013
Nursing sciences: general, clinical and paediatric
Course syllabus
Main national and international references on health promotion (eg WHO, statement by Alma Ata)
Methods and techniques for information
Methods for health education for the person, family and community
Interventions for the prevention of infections in nursing care (eg hand hygiene, application of personal protective equipment, preparation of the sterile field, handling of sterile aids, use of antiseptics / disinfectants, isolation)
Application of body mechanics and devices for manual handling of loads
Teaching methods
The course includes lectures
Teaching Resources
Igiene e sanità pubblica. I fondamenti della prevenzione - Auxilia F., Pontello M. - ed. PICCIN
Igiene e sanità pubblica. Educazione Sanitaria. Strategie educative e preventive per il paziente e la comunità - Auxilia F., Pontello M. - ed. PICCIN
Hygiene and public health
MED/42 - HYGIENE AND PUBLIC HEALTH - University credits: 2
Lessons: 30 hours
Professor: Romano' Luisa
Nursing sciences: general, clinical and paediatric
MED/45 - NURSING - University credits: 1
Lessons: 15 hours
Occupational medicine
MED/44 - OCCUPATIONAL MEDICINE - University credits: 1
Lessons: 15 hours
Professor(s)
Reception:
appointment to be agreed by email
Clinica del Lavoro, second floor