Principles of Anatomy and Physiology

A.Y. 2020/2021
Overall hours
BIO/09 BIO/16 BIO/17
Learning objectives
- To acquire knowledge of the structure of the human body from the macroscopic to the microscopic level
- To acquire essential morphological knowledge of the systems, apparatuses, organs, tissues and cells of the human organism
- To acquire knowledge on the functioning modalities of the different organs of the human body, their dynamic integration in apparatuses and the general functional control mechanisms in physiological conditions
Expected learning outcomes
- To know the structural organization of the human body with the essential morphological characteristics
- To know the functional parameters of healthy people
- To know the basic principles of energy metabolism
Course syllabus and organization

Single session

The lessons will be performed on-line on the Microsoft TEAMS platform and can be followed both synchronously on the basis of the first semester timetable and asynchronously because they will be recorded and made available to students on the same platform
Prerequisites for admission
No prior knowledge is required
Assessment methods and Criteria
The exam will be written. It will mainly consist of multiple choice questions with the addition of some open questions, in addition it will be possible, at the discretion of the teacher, to carry out an additional oral test.
Course syllabus
- Composition of the living organism
- Principles of cellular excitability
- Synaptic transmission
- Elements of physiology of the central nervous system and of the peripheral nervous system
- Muscle contraction
- Cardiac excitability, cardiac mechanics, regulation of cardiac output
- Principles of hemodynamics
- Blood pressure and its control
- Capillary exchanges, lymphatic system
- Respiratory mechanics
- Gas exchange and gas transportation
- Elements of regulation of ventilation
- Kidney function and kidney control of blood volume and blood pressure
- Acid-base balance.
- Elements of physiology of the digestive system
- Elements of physiology of the endocrine system
Teaching methods
The courses will include lectures with the possible addition of laboratory exercises
Teaching Resources
S.I. Fox, Fisiologia Umana. Piccin
L. Sherwood, Fondamenti di fisiologia umana. Piccin
D.U. Silverthorn, Fisiologia Umana, un approccio integrato. Pearson Italia
E. P. Widmaier, H. Raff, K. T. Strang. VANDER FISIOLOGIA. CEA
C. L. Stanfield, Fisiologia. Edises
L. Zocchi, Principi di Fisiologia. Edises
Human anatomy
Course syllabus
General review: the principles of anatomy and correlations with physiology
General description of the equipment
Language of anatomy
(position term, relative to regions, planes and body section)
Cardiovascular system
Heart: anatomy, cavities and large vessels, valves
Blood vessels: microscopic and macroscopic anatomy of the vessels
Homeostatic relationships of the cardiovascular system with other systems.
Composition and functions
Blood groups
Lymphatic system
Lymphatic vessels, Lymph nodes and lymphoid organs
Homeostatic relationships of the lymphatic system with other systems.
Respiratory system
Functional anatomy of the respiratory system: nose, pharynx, larynx, trachea, main bronchi, lungs
Homeostatic relationships of the respiratory system with other systems.
Digestive system
Organs of the alimentary canal and annexes
Homeostatic relationships of the digestive system with other systems.
Urinary tract
Kidney: site and structure of the nephron
Ureters urinary bladder and urethra
Homeostatic relationships of the digestive system with other systems.
Nervous system
Organization of the SN
Functional anatomy of the CNS
Anatomy of the SNP (Nerve Structure)
Homeostatic relationships of the digestive system with other systems.
Male and female reproductive system
Endocrine system
Musculoskeletal system
Integumentary system
Special sensitivity
(Anatomy of the eye, ear, olfactory receptors and taste glasses)
Teaching methods
The courses will include lectures with the possible addition of laboratory exercises
Teaching Resources
Elementi di Anatomia e fisiologia dell'uomo Marieb and Keller, Zanichelli - Milano
Course syllabus
Epithelial tissues: covering epithelium; glandular epithelium.
Connective tissues: connective tissue proper; adipose tissue; support tissues: cartilage tissue; bone tissue; trophic function tissues: blood.
Muscle tissue: smooth muscle tissue, skeletal striated muscle tissue, myocardial striated muscle tissue.
Nervous tissue
Teaching methods
The courses will include lectures with the possible addition of laboratory exercises
Teaching Resources
Ambrosi G. et al. Anatomia dell'uomo. Edi. Ermes - Milano
Martini F.H. et al. Anatomia Umana. EdiSES - Napoli
Saladin KS. Anatomia Umana. Piccin - Padova
Netter FH. Atlante di Anatomia Umana. Elsevier Masson - Milano.
Platzer W. et al. Anatomia Umana 1-2-3 atlante tascabile. Elsevier Masson - Milano.
Mc Minn R.M.H. et al., Atlante a colori di Anatomia Umana. CEA - Milano
Kopf-Maier P. Anatomia Umana. Atlante di Wolf-Heidegger 1-2. Edi. Ermes - Milano.
BIO/17 - HISTOLOGY - University credits: 1
Lessons: 10 hours
Human anatomy
BIO/16 - HUMAN ANATOMY - University credits: 3
Lessons: 30 hours
Professor: Casati Lavinia
BIO/09 - PHYSIOLOGY - University credits: 3
Lessons: 30 hours