Radiology, Nuclear Medicine, and Radiation Therapy - Clinical Skills

Course syllabus and organization

Linea: Policlinico

Responsible
Until attendance in the departments is authorized again, practical resources will be available online to replace professionalizing activities
Course syllabus
Professional activities pursue and are an integral part of the objectives and results of the learning expected from teaching, as they confer the skills and abilities useful for applying knowledge in clinical practice.

Radiology

Methods of measuring diagnostic performance; influence of disease prevalence (and, therefore, the selection of the requesting physician) on the reliability of the radiological examination result. The risk/benefit ratio in the use of ionizing radiation for diagnostic purposes. Principles of radiation protection for patients and operators. Units of dose measurement for ionizing radiation for diagnostic purposes. Physical and technical bases of digital imaging for conventional radiological techniques, computed tomography and tomosynthesis, ultrasound techniques (including Doppler ), angiography, magnetic resonance imaging and bone densitometry. Contrast media in conventional radiology, computed tomography, magnetic resonance and ultrasound and their indications and contraindications. Indications and contraindications for imaging obtained with the techniques listed above in order to define the sequential and synergistic use of imaging in the main clinical conditions. Role of interventional radiology from imaging-guided biopsies to endovascular and oncological treatments. Interpretation of reports and communication to the patient.

Nuclear Medicine

Physical and technical bases of the formation of digital images for planar and tomographic scintigraphy and for positron emission tomography. Radiopharmaceuticals and their clinical use. Specific aspects of radiation protection in a nuclear-medical environment. Applications of conventional Nuclear Medicine (endocrine diseases, musculoskeletal system, infectious diseases, study of renal function); Nuclear cardiology; PET in oncology; applications in neurology. Nuclear medicine therapy techniques.

Radiation Therapy

Radiotherapy: history and technological development. Principles of Radiobiology. Principles of Radiotherapy: external beam, intraoperative, intensity-modulated, brachytherapy, Hadrotherapy, Image-guided. Radical and palliative Radiotherapy, interaction with other treatment modalities (pre-operative and post-operative, in combination with chemotherapy/ hormonetherapy, etc,). Radiotherapy side effects: classification, prevention and treatment. Management of prostate, breast and head-neck cancers with Radiotherapy.
Prerequisites for admission
Professional activities pursue and are an integral part of the objectives and results of the learning expected from teaching, as they confer the skills and abilities useful for applying knowledge in clinical practice.

Human anatomy, medical physics.
Teaching methods
Frequency of radiology rooms, nuclear medicine and radiotherapy.

Frontal lessons supported by Power-Point presentations, available on the Ariel platform.
Teaching Resources
Medicina Nucleare: Cittadini G, Cittadini G, Sardanelli F. Diagnostica per immagini e radioterapia. EDRA 2015.

Radioterapia: Perez & Brady's Principles and Practice of Radiation Oncology; 6° ed. Lippincott Williams and Wilkins 2013
Assessment methods and Criteria
Three oral interviews, one for each section (radiology, nuclear medicine, radiation therapy). Each interview will be rated by each teacher in 30ths; a global evaluation in 30ths will be obtained taking into account the relative weight of each section (radiology 50%; nuclear medicine 25%, radiation therapy 25%). To pass the examination, the candidate must obtain at least 18/30 for each of the sections. Multiple-choice tests can be used only in the case of a very high number of candidates.
MED/36 - IMAGING AND RADIOTHERAPY - University credits: 2
Professional training: 50 hours

Linea: San Donato

Responsible
Until attendance in the departments is authorized again, practical resources will be available online to replace professionalizing activities
Course syllabus
Professional activities pursue and are an integral part of the objectives and results of the learning expected from teaching, as they confer the skills and abilities useful for applying knowledge in clinical practice.

Radiology

Methods of measuring diagnostic performance; influence of disease prevalence (and, therefore, the selection of the requesting physician) on the reliability of the radiological examination result. The risk/benefit ratio in the use of ionizing radiation for diagnostic purposes. Principles of radiation protection for patients and operators. Units of dose measurement for ionizing radiation for diagnostic purposes. Physical and technical bases of digital imaging for conventional radiological techniques, computed tomography and tomosynthesis, ultrasound techniques (including Doppler ), angiography, magnetic resonance imaging and bone densitometry. Contrast media in conventional radiology, computed tomography, magnetic resonance and ultrasound and their indications and contraindications. Indications and contraindications for imaging obtained with the techniques listed above in order to define the sequential and synergistic use of imaging in the main clinical conditions. Role of interventional radiology from imaging-guided biopsies to endovascular and oncological treatments. Interpretation of reports and communication to the patient.

Nuclear Medicine

Physical and technical bases of the formation of digital images for planar and tomographic scintigraphy and for positron emission tomography. Radiopharmaceuticals and their clinical use. Specific aspects of radiation protection in a nuclear-medical environment. Applications of conventional Nuclear Medicine (endocrine diseases, musculoskeletal system, infectious diseases, study of renal function); Nuclear cardiology; PET in oncology; applications in neurology. Nuclear medicine therapy techniques.

Radiation Therapy

Radiotherapy: history and technological development. Principles of Radiobiology. Principles of Radiotherapy: external beam, intraoperative, intensity-modulated, brachytherapy, Hadrotherapy, Image-guided. Radical and palliative Radiotherapy, interaction with other treatment modalities (pre-operative and post-operative, in combination with chemotherapy/ hormonetherapy, etc,). Radiotherapy side effects: classification, prevention and treatment. Management of prostate, breast and head-neck cancers with Radiotherapy.
Prerequisites for admission
Professional activities pursue and are an integral part of the objectives and results of the learning expected from teaching, as they confer the skills and abilities useful for applying knowledge in clinical practice.

Human anatomy, medical physics.
Teaching methods
Frequency of radiology rooms, nuclear medicine and radiotherapy.

Frontal lessons supported by Power-Point presentations, available on the Ariel platform.
Teaching Resources
Medicina Nucleare: Cittadini G, Cittadini G, Sardanelli F. Diagnostica per immagini e radioterapia. EDRA 2015.

Radioterapia: Perez & Brady's Principles and Practice of Radiation Oncology; 6° ed. Lippincott Williams and Wilkins 2013
Assessment methods and Criteria
Three oral interviews, one for each section (radiology, nuclear medicine, radiation therapy). Each interview will be rated by each teacher in 30ths; a global evaluation in 30ths will be obtained taking into account the relative weight of each section (radiology 50%; nuclear medicine 25%, radiation therapy 25%). To pass the examination, the candidate must obtain at least 18/30 for each of the sections. Multiple-choice tests can be used only in the case of a very high number of candidates.
MED/36 - IMAGING AND RADIOTHERAPY - University credits: 2
Professional training: 50 hours
Professor: Secchi Francesco

Linea: San Giuseppe

Responsible
Until attendance in the departments is authorized again, practical resources will be available online to replace professionalizing activities
Course syllabus
Professional activities pursue and are an integral part of the objectives and results of the learning expected from teaching, as they confer the skills and abilities useful for applying knowledge in clinical practice.

Radiology

Methods of measuring diagnostic performance; influence of disease prevalence (and, therefore, the selection of the requesting physician) on the reliability of the radiological examination result. The risk/benefit ratio in the use of ionizing radiation for diagnostic purposes. Principles of radiation protection for patients and operators. Units of dose measurement for ionizing radiation for diagnostic purposes. Physical and technical bases of digital imaging for conventional radiological techniques, computed tomography and tomosynthesis, ultrasound techniques (including Doppler ), angiography, magnetic resonance imaging and bone densitometry. Contrast media in conventional radiology, computed tomography, magnetic resonance and ultrasound and their indications and contraindications. Indications and contraindications for imaging obtained with the techniques listed above in order to define the sequential and synergistic use of imaging in the main clinical conditions. Role of interventional radiology from imaging-guided biopsies to endovascular and oncological treatments. Interpretation of reports and communication to the patient.

Nuclear Medicine

Physical and technical bases of the formation of digital images for planar and tomographic scintigraphy and for positron emission tomography. Radiopharmaceuticals and their clinical use. Specific aspects of radiation protection in a nuclear-medical environment. Applications of conventional Nuclear Medicine (endocrine diseases, musculoskeletal system, infectious diseases, study of renal function); Nuclear cardiology; PET in oncology; applications in neurology. Nuclear medicine therapy techniques.

Radiation Therapy

Radiotherapy: history and technological development. Principles of Radiobiology. Principles of Radiotherapy: external beam, intraoperative, intensity-modulated, brachytherapy, Hadrotherapy, Image-guided. Radical and palliative Radiotherapy, interaction with other treatment modalities (pre-operative and post-operative, in combination with chemotherapy/ hormonetherapy, etc,). Radiotherapy side effects: classification, prevention and treatment. Management of prostate, breast and head-neck cancers with Radiotherapy.
Prerequisites for admission
Professional activities pursue and are an integral part of the objectives and results of the learning expected from teaching, as they confer the skills and abilities useful for applying knowledge in clinical practice.

Human anatomy, medical physics.
Teaching methods
Frequency of radiology rooms, nuclear medicine and radiotherapy.

Frontal lessons supported by Power-Point presentations, available on the Ariel platform.
Teaching Resources
Medicina Nucleare: Cittadini G, Cittadini G, Sardanelli F. Diagnostica per immagini e radioterapia. EDRA 2015.

Radioterapia: Perez & Brady's Principles and Practice of Radiation Oncology; 6° ed. Lippincott Williams and Wilkins 2013
Assessment methods and Criteria
Three oral interviews, one for each section (radiology, nuclear medicine, radiation therapy). Each interview will be rated by each teacher in 30ths; a global evaluation in 30ths will be obtained taking into account the relative weight of each section (radiology 50%; nuclear medicine 25%, radiation therapy 25%). To pass the examination, the candidate must obtain at least 18/30 for each of the sections. Multiple-choice tests can be used only in the case of a very high number of candidates.
MED/36 - IMAGING AND RADIOTHERAPY - University credits: 2
Professional training: 50 hours