Security, law and religion. Jean Monnet future course (From understanding to countering religious extremism)

A.Y. 2020/2021
Overall hours
Learning objectives
The course aims to illustrate not only the processes of religious radicalisation, but, more in detail, to deepen the strategies of counter-narrative, de-radicalisation and prevention of jihadist extremism in Europe.

To this end, the lessons are intended as:

- provide the legal tools to analyze and manage the challenges posed by fundamentalism in an interdisciplinary perspective;

- critically examine of counter-narrative models implemented in Europe;

- investigate the role of the exercise of fundamental rights, and in particular the right to religious freedom, in a strategy to combat jihadist radicalisation.
Expected learning outcomes
- Knowledge and comprehension of the main legal issues posed by violent religious radicalisation;

- Ability to reason from an interdisciplinary perspective;

- Independent judgment in the analysis of the cases treated and in the identification of the solutions applicable to them;

- Communication skills, argumentative consistency, systematic reasoning and language properties;

- Ability to adapt the knowledge to the contexts studied and the legal cases addressed.
Course syllabus and organization

Single session

Lesson period
Second semester
Teaching methods

Lessons will take place on Microsoft Teams in synchronous mode, at scheduled times, and will be recorded and available for consultation on the same platform and on the course ARIEL website. Information on how to access lessons on Microsoft Teams and other teaching instructions will be uploaded to the course Ariel website, which is advised to consult regularly.
Should the sanitary emergency allow it, in compliance with the regulations in force, lessons may also be held in the classroom (mixed mode); in this case, students will be promptly informed and notified via the course Ariel website.
In any case, the lessons will be recorded and made available to students for the duration of the semester.

Programme and reference material

The programme and reference material of the course are unchanged.

Methods of assessing learning and assessment criteria

There will be no changes to the methods for assessing learning and the assessment criteria.
The examination will take place orally on the Microsoft Teams platform.
Should the sanitary emergency allow it, subject to the availability of classrooms and the necessary safety conditions, the examination will be held in the classroom.
However, students who are unable to travel from their place of residence and/or domicile will be able to take the examination remotely.

More precise indications and updates will be available on the Ariel course website, which should therefore be consulted regularly.
Course syllabus
The Safety, Law and Religion course is part of the training activities financed by European Union with the Jean Monnet Action under the Erasmus + program.

The aim of these training activities is to promote European studies, with particular attention to the issues of European integration and the role of Europe in the global context. Specifically, the Safety, Law and Religion course focuses on strategies to combat religious extremism through a multidisciplinary approach that, starting from an understanding of radicalisation processes, intends to provide a framework of legal tools and measures adopted so far to counter violent radicalisation in Italy and in Europe.

But, above all, it also aims to promote new strategies to contrast violent religious radicalisation based on the respect for the fundamental principles and values that characterize both our legal system and that of the European Union. Not least, the recognition of fundamental rights and, more specifically, the exercise of the right to religious freedom which - as stated by the Special Rapporteur on the freedom of religion and belief of the United Nations in 2017 - represents an essential tool in the global strategy against jihadist extremism.

Finally, the course aims to facilitate forms of cooperation with various professional figures and civil society actors who are themselves involved in the fight against radicalisation as public security authorities, cybercrime experts, magistrates, lawyers and leaders of religious communities.

The course is divided into 42 hours (21 lessons) organized as follows:
1. Introduction (Daniela Milani)
2. Jihadism in the 21st Century (Daniela Milani)
3. Sociology of radicalisation (Letizia Mancini)
4. Strategies for countering radicalisation in EU (Alessandro Negri)
5. Comparing challenges and approaches to preventing radicalisation: focus on Egypt, Yemen and Saudi Arabia (Alessandro Negri)
6. Focus on religious extremism and defensive democracy: ECHR case law (Marcello Toscano)
7. Focus on religious extremism and defensive democracy: EU Court of Justice case law (Natascia Marchei)
8. Islamic law: sources and basic principles (Cristiana Cianitto)
9. Islam and secularism in Western world: legal status of Islamic communities in Italy (Cristiana Cianitto)
10. Prevention and contrast to radicalisation in Italy (Daniela Milani)
11. Criminal law: terrorism (Alessandra Galluccio)
12. Administrative law: immigration flows, reception and integration policy in EU and Italy (Alessandro Ceserani)
13. The measure of expulsion for extremism (Alessandro Ceserani)
14. Online radicalisation (Giovanni Ziccardi)
15. Religious-based terrorism propaganda: legal tools for prevention and contrast (Jlia Pasquali Cerioli)
16. Radicalisation in prison (Daniela Milani)
17. Islam in prison (Daniela Milani)
18. The role of cultural and religious knowledge to prevent radicalisation and to de-radicalise (Daniela Milani)
19. Focus on fundamental rights: religious freedom as a resource against radicalisation (Daniela Milani)
20. Case studies (Daniela Milani)
21. Good practices (Daniela Milani)
Prerequisites for admission
No specific prerequisites requested.
Teaching methods
The lessons, mainly frontal, will be supplemented by specific focuses on case studies and good practices.
Teaching Resources
N. Colaianni, Sicurezza e prevenzione del terrorismo cosiddetto islamista: il disagio della libertà, in Stato, Chiese e pluralismo confessionale, online review (, issue n. 32/2019;

D. Milani, A. Negri, Tra libertà di religione e istanze di sicurezza: la prevenzione della radicalizzazione jihadista in fase di esecuzione della pena, in Stato, Chiese e pluralismo confessionale, online review (, issue n. 23/2018;

L. S. Martucci, Radicalizzati jihadisti: profilazione e de-radicalizzazione Constitution-compliant, in Stato, Chiese e pluralismo confessionale, onine review (, issue n. 8/2019;

OSCE, Freedom of Religion or Belief and Security: Policy Guidance, September 2019, availabile at;

R. Mazzola, La convivenza delle regole. Diritto, sicurezza e organizzazioni religiose, Giuffrè, Milano, 2005.
Assessment methods and Criteria
Final exam takes place in oral form via Microsoft Teams. If the rules due to the pandemic crisis will change, the exam could take place in presence.
The final examination aim is to verify the degree of knowledge of the subject matter and the use of appropriate legal language; at the same, is it worth the students would show a critical approach to the subject matter itself.
IUS/11 - ECCLESIASTICAL AND CANON LAW - University credits: 6
Lessons: 42 hours
In the first semester, the reception will take place in person or on MTeams ( syd99y3) on Tuesdays at 10, by appointment via email: [email protected]
Dipartimento 'Cesare Beccaria', MTeams