Sports medicine and traumatology

A.Y. 2020/2021
6
Max ECTS
42
Overall hours
SSD
MED/09 MED/33
Language
Italian
Learning objectives
The Course of Sports Medicine and Traumatology aims to provide knowledge regarding the functional adaptations induced by the different typology of physical activity, the pathologies that may limit or contraindicate the practice of sports activities, with particular interest of the role of exercise in the prevention and in the therapeutic approach. The course also aims to present the orthopedic-trauma pathologies related to sports activities with particular interest to the role of exercise in functional rehabilitation in trauma injuries.
Expected learning outcomes
The Course of Sports Medicine and Traumatology will provide expertise related to the evaluation of the effects of physical activity in subjects suffering from acute and chronic diseases both in the field of internal medicine and in orthopedics, providing the necessary tools to plan physical activity programs aimed at prevention, care, and functional rehabilitation.
Course syllabus and organization

Single session

Responsible
Lesson period
Second semester
Teaching methods
The lessons will take place on Microsoft Teams in synchronous mode, at the established times, and recording lessons by teacher. The lessons will also be made available to students on the ARIEL platform. Furthermore, synchronous meetings with the students will be organized periodically, using the Microsoft Teams platform, in order to provide clarifications and insights on teaching topics and answer students' questions.

Learning assessment procedures
The exam will be held in oral form using the Microsoft Teams platform or, where the regulations relating to the COVID health emergency allow, in writing form.
The exam, in particular, will be aimed at:
- ascertain the achievement of the course objectives in terms of knowledge and understanding;
- ascertain the ability to apply knowledge and understanding and verify the autonomy of judgment through the discussion of the topics covered by the lessons;
- ascertain the mastery of the specific language relating to the field of sports medicine and the ability to present the arguments in a clear and logical way.
Course syllabus
Course Syllabus
Content
SPORT MEDICINE
INFLAMMATION AND INJURY REPAIR
Definition
General characteristics of inflammation
Vasculitis and tissue inflammation
Causes of inflammation
Cardinal signs of inflammation
Innate immunity and inflammation
Acute inflammation
Chronic inflammation
Systemic manifestation of inflammation
Healing, repair, regeneration
IMMUNE SYSTEM
Definition and basic concepts
Innate immunity
Acquired immunity
Cells of the immune system
Antigen presentation and recognition
Acquired humoral response
IMMUNE SYSTEM AND PHYSICAL ACTIVITY
Response of the immune system to acute and chronic exercise
CARDIOVASCULAR DISEASES AND PHYSICAL ACTIVITY
Introduction: morphofunctional elements
Morphofunctional adaptation of the myocardium to physical activity
Athlete's heart: adaptation to endurance and power exercise
Alterations in heart rhythm
Atherosclerosis
Ischemic heart disease
Arterial hypertension
Venous thrombosis
RESPIRATORY DISEASES AND PHYSICAL ACTIVITY
Introduction: morphofunctional elements
Acute and chronic bronchitis
Pneumonitis
Pleuritis
Bronchial asthma
Pulmonary emphysema
CHRONOBIOLOGY AND PHYSICAL ACTIVITY
Biological rhythms
Chronotype and physical activity
Jet lag and sports performance
Sleep and physical activity
URINARY TRACT DISEASES AND PHYSICAL ACTIVITY
Introduction: morphofunctional elements
Effects of exercise on renal function
Renal calculi
BODY FLUID ALTERATIONS AND ACID-BASE BALANCE IN RELATION TO PHYSICAL ACTIVITY
Body fluid compartments
Volume alterations
Dehydration: different types of water loss and correlated imbalances
EYE DISEASES AND PHYSICAL ACTIVITY
Introduction: morphofunctional elements
Diseases of the orbit, eyelids, conjunctiva, lachrymal ducts, and bulb
OTORHINOLARYNGOIATRIC DISEASES AND PHYSICAL ACTIVITY
Introduction: morphofunctional elements
Epitasis, nasal bone fracture, trauma to the auditory system and the larynx
SKIN DISEASES AND PHYSICAL ACTIVITY
Introduction: morphofunctional elements

CUTANEOUS TRAUMA AND PHYSICAL ACTIVITY
MANUAL, PHYSICAL, KINESIOTHERAPEUTIC TREATMENT
Introduction
ANATOMY
General organization of bone tissue; bone tissue in adults and the elderly; osteoporosis
Bone modeling and remodeling; bone growth; Paget's disease
Hormonal regulation of calcium homeostasis; osteomalacia, rickets
OSTEOGENESIS
Intramembranous and endochondral osteogenesis
Reparative osteogenesis (fracture repair)
General organization of cartilage and muscle tissue
CONGENITAL DISORDERS
Club foot, hip dysplasia
ARTHROSIS
Introduction
Coxarthrosis
Gonarthrosis
TUMORS
Introduction
Tumor-like lesions
Benign tumors
Malignant tumors
ACQUIRED DISORDERS
Osteochondrosis, Dupuytren's contracture, hallux valgus
SPINAL DISORDERS
Scoliosis, low back pain, sciatic pain
FRACTURES
Introduction to fractures, classification, traumatic and training-induced periostitis
CAPSULAR LIGAMENT INJURIES
Introduction, knee, shoulder, ankle
MUSCLE-TENDON DISORDERS
Direct and indirect muscle injury, myofascial pain syndrome, classification of tendon disorders, tendon rupture
Prerequisites for admission
The student must have knowledge of human anatomy and physiology.
Teaching methods
Frontal lectures.
Teaching Resources
Didactic material provided by the professors on the ARIEL website.
Assessment methods and Criteria
The methods for verifying learning are:
Written exam: total of 60 multiple choice questions, with 30 questions for module. The threshold for exam is 18/30.
Oral exam: the oral exam will not be obligatory, but at the discretion of the student. The access to the oral exam requires passing the written exam. The failure of the oral exam will result in having to take both the written and the oral exam again. The written exam is always combined with the oral exam as part of the same exam session and cannot therefore be considered valid for subsequent sessions.
MED/09 - INTERNAL MEDICINE - University credits: 3
MED/33 - ORTHOPAEDICS - University credits: 3
Lessons: 42 hours
Professor(s)
Reception:
Appointments can be arranged by email
Reception:
Appointments can be arranged by email