Technical Physics And Industrial Chemistry

A.Y. 2020/2021
7
Max ECTS
70
Overall hours
SSD
ICAR/03 ING-IND/11 ING-IND/25 ING-INF/02 MED/36
Language
Italian
Learning objectives
- To learn the basics of the main analytical methods for the measurement of pollutants and, more generally, of the chemical, physical, and biological harmful agents present in both living and working environments
- To learn the basics and of the methods of physical, chemical, and biological investigations identifying the sources of contamination in the industry workflow, to understand and interpret environmental diffusion of pollution
- To know the biological effects of electromagnetic fields
- To know radioprotection according to the contents of Annex IV of Legislative Decree number 187, May 26,2000
- To acquire knowledge about methods of control and surveillance of the installations
Expected learning outcomes
- The student will be able to describe the main methods of measuring the level of chemical, physical, and biological pollution inside and outside the workplace
- The student will be able to understand the results of physical, chemical, and biological investigations that are carried out inside and outside the workplace
- The student will be able to describe the biological effects of electromagnetic radiation
- The student will be able to demonstrate awareness of the contents described in Annex IV of Legislative Decree number 187, May 26, 2000
- The student will be able to demonstrate knowledge of the methods of control and surveillance of the installations.
Course syllabus and organization

Single session

Responsible
Teaching methods and methods:
The lessons will be held in synchronous form according to the schedule established in presence and/ or online using the Microsoft Teams platform made available to the University.

Program and reference material:
The program and reference material will not change.

Assessment methods and assessment criteria:
According to the directives in force at the time of the appeal, the examination will take place in presence and/or online. Oral online examinations will be carried out using the Microsoft Teams platform or other platform indicated by the University. Online written exams will be carried out using the Exam.net platform or other platform indicated by the University.
Prerequisites for admission
Basic knowledge of physics and chemistry.
Assessment methods and Criteria
Written examinations (questions with multiple choice or free text answers), with or without integration by oral interview. The total mark is obtained as a mean of the marks obtained for each section, weighted for the number of credits attributed to each of the sections. To pass the examination is however needed to get at least 18/30 for each of the sections.
Sanitary and environmental engineering
Course syllabus
Introduction to the course and general notions on environmental pollution: definition, regulations evolution, mentions on the effects and on prevention and inspection strategies.
Soil pollution: soil pollution phenomenology; soil and polluted groundwater treatment techniques; legislative aspects; risk assessment of polluted sites.
Water pollution: water pollution phenomenology; natural water features; water depuration techniques: civil wastewater treatment plant; disinfection treatments.
Teaching methods
Frontal lessons and individual researches. PowerPoint presentations used for the frontal lessons will be available via the Ariel platform or directly provided to the students.
Teaching Resources
Course PPT presentations.
Building physics and building energy systems
Course syllabus
Measurement theory: direct and indirect measurements; physical quantities and units of measurement, the measuring instruments; characteristics and criteria for choosing measuring instruments. Error theory.
Thermology: thermometric scales; zero principle of thermodynamics; heat; specific heat and heat capacity; heat propagation in materials (conduction, convection and radiation).
Thermography: theory and application; infrared physics; principles and operation of a thermal imaging camera; presentation of different case studies: thermography in construction.
Acoustics: oscillatory and wave phenomena; wave propagation in the media; Fletcher and Munson diagram; effects of noise on humans: hearing impairment and damage; principles and functioning of a sound level meter.
Radioactivity and matter radiation interaction: ionizing radiation; radiation-matter interaction; absolute dose; equivalent dose and effective dose; effects of ionized radiation on the human body; presentation of a case study: the radon problem in confined work environments.
Teaching methods
Frontal lessons and individual researches. PowerPoint presentations used for the frontal lessons will be available via the Ariel platform or directly provided to the students.
Teaching Resources
D. C. Giancoli, Fisica. Principi e applicazioni, CEA Editori. N Ludwig, La Termografia: Teoria e Applicazioni, PVI Editori. D.P.C.M. 5/12/1997 sui requisiti acustici passm degli edifici. IL RADON IN ITALIA: GUIDA PER IL CITTADINO, Istituto Superiore per la Prevenzione e la Sicurezza del Lavoro - Gruppo di lavoro: Ambienti di vita: prevenzione del rischio radon negli ambienti domestici.
Chemical plants
Course syllabus
Equipment, units, and technology in the manufacturing process. Basic informations PED. Hazards, conventional and major accidents. Examples. Dangerous properties of chemical substances: toxic releases, fire and /or explosions, environmental disasters. Models. Loss prevention and protection. Basic concepts of PHA. Check list, SWIf, HazOp, Fault/event tree. 'Seveso III' Directive 2012/18/EU. U.S. Chemical Safety and Hazard Investigation Board CSB Web site http://www.csb.gov/
Teaching methods
Frontal lessons and individual researches. PowerPoint presentations used for the frontal lessons will be available via the Ariel platform or directly provided to the students.
Teaching Resources
R. Rota, G. Nano Introduzione alla affidabilità e sicurezza nell'industria di processo. Pitagora 2007; UNICHIM Manuale N. 6, Impianti Chimici,. Simboli e sigle per schemi e disegni, Edizione 1994; UNI EN 31.010:2019 Gestione del rischio - EC 31010 Risk management — Risk assessment Techniques; Portale ISPESL/Inail PED - Guida pratica; Portale Ispra Ambiente, ManualeLinee guida SNPA 095/2017 Manuale per la valutazione del rischio da esposizione ad agenti chimici pericolosi e ad agenti cancerogeni e mutageni; ANPA Agenzia Nazionale per la Protezione dell'Ambiente Dipartimento Rischio Tecnologico e Naturale Settore "Rischio nelle Attività Industriali: sicurezza dei reattori chimici"
Electromagnetic fields
Course syllabus
Basic concepts of electromagnetism: the fundamental electrical quantities, electric field and magnetic field, electromagnetic induction, electromagnetic field, propagation in space of electromagnetic waves, electromagnetic spectrum and classifications of electromagnetic fields, ionizing and non-ionizing radiation.
Electromagnetic fields: biological bases for the limitation of exposures, international guidelines and Italian legislation for the protection of the population from electromagnetic fields, legislation for the protection of workers (D.Lgs 81/08) and methods for risk assessment.
Artificial optical radiation: coherent and not coherent radiations, classification of optical radiation, prevention and protection for incoherent and coherent ROAs and methods for risk assessment.
Ionizing radiation: radioactive decays, physical and radiation protective quantities, effects of radiation
ionizing on humans, criteria and principles of radiation protection, natural ionizing radiation and radon, current Italian legislation for protection from radon in the workplace (D.Lgs. 230/95), regional guidelines for living environments, operating principles of X-ray generating machines and applications in the medical and industrial field, modality of correct use and use of individual protection devices, legislation for radiation protection for workers and the population (D.Lgs 230), notes on the use of radioactive substances in the medical and industrial fields, management of orphan sources, nuclear emergencies
Teaching methods
Frontal lessons and individual researches. PowerPoint presentations used for the frontal lessons will be available via the Ariel platform or directly provided to the students.
Teaching Resources
: International Commission on Non-Ionizing Radiation Protection (ICNIRP). Guidelines for Limiting Exposure to Time-Varying Electric, Magnetic, and Electromagnetic Fields (Up to 300 GHz). Health Physics 1998; 74: 494-522.
Portale genti fisici https://www.portaleagentifisici.it. Coordinamento Tecnico per la sicurezza nei luoghi di lavoro delle Regioni e delle Province autonome, "Decreto Legislativo 81/2008 Titolo VIII, Capo IV e s.m.i. sulla prevenzione e protezione dai rischi di esposizione a campi elettromagnetici: Indicazioni operative."In collaborazione con INAIL e ISTITUTO SUPERIORE di SANITA' - Documento approvato dall'Area Prevenzione e Sanità Pubblica della Commissione Salute il 20/06/2019.
X-ray protection
Course syllabus
Atom structure; nuclides; electromagnetic and corpuscular radiation; excitation and ionization; gamma- and x-rays, x-ray tube; radioactive decay; positron-electron annihilation; coherent diffusion, photoelectric effect, Compton effect, pair creation; dosimetry (absorbed, equivalent, and effective dose); compute tomography as the most relevant source of radiation exposure for medical purposes. Magnetic resonance imaging: biological effects and protection of patients and operators (contraindications and limiting conditions). Basic knowledge of the techniques used in radiodiagnostics and nuclear medicine. Principles of radiobiology. Legislation on radioprotection of workers and patients.
Teaching methods
Frontal lessons and individual researches. PowerPoint presentations used for the frontal lessons will be available via the Ariel platform or directly provided to the students.
Teaching Resources
Cittadini G, Cittadini G, Sardanelli F. Diagnostica per immagini e radioterapia. EDRA 2015.
Building physics and building energy systems
ING-IND/11 - BUILDING PHYSICS AND BUILDING ENERGY SYSTEMS - University credits: 1
Lessons: 10 hours
Chemical plants
ING-IND/25 - CHEMICAL PLANTS - University credits: 2
Lessons: 20 hours
Electromagnetic fields
ING-INF/02 - ELECTROMAGNETIC FIELDS - University credits: 2
Lessons: 20 hours
Sanitary and environmental engineering
ICAR/03 - SANITARY AND ENVIRONMENTAL ENGINEERING - University credits: 1
Lessons: 10 hours
X-ray protection
MED/36 - IMAGING AND RADIOTHERAPY - University credits: 1
Lessons: 10 hours
Professor(s)
Reception:
To be defined after emailing to francesco.sardanelli@unimi.it
Dept. of Radiology, IRCCS Policlinico San Donato, Via Morandi 30, 20097 San Donato Milanese, Milan, Italy